From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Daura Suruwal, Nepal's national male dress, and Gunyucholi is Female dress in Nepal
Man in short daura

Daura-Suruwal is the national outfit of Nepalese men.[1] It is also worn by Nepalese Origin of Sikkim and Darjeeling people.[clarification needed] The equivalent female national outfit is the Gunyou Cholo. The coat was added to the costume by Jang Bahadur Rana, a prime minister of Nepal in the 19th century. Daura is a variant of Kurta and the upper wear and Suruwal is the trouser. Daura Suruwal has several religious beliefs identifying its designs and has remained the same for centuries. The Daura has eight strings[clarification needed] denoted as Astamatrika-Singini as follows.[citation needed]

  • Byagini
  • Kumari
  • Barahi
  • Brahmayani
  • Indrayani
  • Maheshowri
  • Byasnabi
  • Mahalaxmi

The Nepalese Prime Minister Bir Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana wore the Daura-Suruwal on an unofficial visit to the United Kingdom in the 19th century, which popularized it further in Nepal. In 2017 B.S., (1960), the Daura-Suruwal was designated the national uniform for men in government positions. The use of the outfit as a government uniform or as a popular form of clothing has declined since that time, but also has increased use among Nepali nationalists in the Darjeeling province of India. History tells Rana Prime Minister Janga Bahadur Rana introduced coat in Nepal in the 19th century. He was presented gift of coat by Queen of England. He started the tradition of wearing coat on the Daura suruwal. From then the tradition of wearing Daura with Suruwal became Daura Suruwal and Coat. Men wear Daura Suruwal with East Coat (Waist Coat) too. This combination is a kind of informal wear.

In 2017 B.S.[clarification needed] Daura Suruwal was announced as national dress for men in government services and other national programs.[citation needed] Daura suruwal took a great pace of development in those years. Very few of Nepali now wear Daura Suruwal. After 2046 B.S[clarification needed] none of the elected or interim governments is able to define and announce any national dress. Now, there is no such dress or uniform that we can point our officially as Nepali. We still regard Daura suruwal as National dress of Nepal.

The dress is stated as an official as it has been confined only in the list of national signs and the officials under the panel of His Majesty's Government. The new generation hardly owns a pair of Daura-Suruwal, and majority of them wouldn't prefer this outfit. Unlike Nepali women's attire-'Sari' is winning its appearance in the fashion world. Daura-Suruwal, the Nepali national dress is not that fashionable among men. However, the dress is well-known among its lovers and it is successful to establish its own image in the market.

Religious Belief[edit]

Daura-Suruwal, typically termed ‘Labeda-Suruwal’ is the traditional Nepali dress. The dress has several religious beliefs identifying its designs and have remained the same for years. The Daura has eight stringscalled, ‘Astamatrika-Singini, Byagini, Kumari, Barahi, Brahmayani, Indrayani, Maheshowri, Byasnabi, and Mahalaxmi’, that serves to tie itself up around the body and eight is a lucky number according to our mythology. Also, the Daura has five pleats or Kallis, signifying Pancha Buddha or Pancha Ratna. The closed neck of the Daura signifies the snake around the Lord Shiva’s neck. It is especially worn by brahamins all over the country and one of the most famous clothes to identify them. The use of the daura suruwal is usually worn by the peoples of Nepal in some festive occasions and the old people wear the clothes more frequently as it is the national pride of our country. Annually, lackhs of Daura suruwal are being sold nationally and internationally as it is a national pride to wear the daura suruwal we Nepalese are fond of wearing this attire.[citation needed]



  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ *Official Address of Rastriya Daura Suruwal Tailors, an oldest tailors of Nepal, specialized in sewing Daura Suruwal [2]
  3. ^ "MYREPUBLICA.com - News in English from Nepal: Fast, Full & Factual News". myrepublica.com. Archived from the original on 28 May 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  4. ^ "Darjis for Darj - Nepali Times". nepalitimes.com. Retrieved 25 May 2015.

External links[edit]