Daursky Nature Reserve

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Daursky Nature Reserve
Сопки на севере озера Зун-Торей.jpg
Lake Zun-Torey
Map showing the location of Daursky Nature Reserve
Map showing the location of Daursky Nature Reserve
Location Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia
Area 208.6 ha
Established 1987
World Heritage Site 2017
Type Natural
Criteria ix, x
Designated 2017 (41st session)
Part of Landscapes of Dauria
Reference no. 1448

The Daurian Nature Reserve (Даурский заповедник) is a nature reserve situated in the southern part of the Zabaykalsky Krai in Siberia, Russia, close to the border with Mongolia. It is part of a World Heritage Site named "The Landscapes of Dauria".[1]

The reserve has been established in 1987 to protect the dry steppes and wetlands of South Siberia. It is contiguous with the Dornod Mongol Biosphere Reserve in Mongolia, a 8,429,072 hectares (20,828,690 acres) area of steppe immediately to the south.[2]

The reserve comprises 208.600 ha, of which about 163.800 ha constitute the buffer zone. The core area is of about 44.800 ha and is divided into 9 plots. The buffer zone of the reserve covers two large lakes called Barun-Torey and Zun-Torey.

The vertebrate fauna includes 48 mammal species, 317 bird species, 3 reptile species, 3 amphibian species and 4 species of fish. In addition, there are about 800 species of insects. The reserve also contains 1 colony of the rare Iris potaninii.[3] It was planned to introduce the Przewalski horse to the reserve in the 1980s, but the plans have been canceled after the Soviet Union had collapsed. Recently, the old plans came up again.[4] Mammals of the reserve included on the IUCN red list are dzeren, pallas cat and Daurian hedgehog.

Recently a new zakaznik, the Dzeren Valley (Долина дзерена), has been created in the area to ensure migration of the dzeren between Russia and Mongolia.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1448/indicators/
  2. ^ Blunden, Jane (2014). Mongolia. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 148. ISBN 978-1-84162-416-7. 
  3. ^ "The exhibition "Iris Russia"". flower-iris.ru. Retrieved 12 May 2015. 
  4. ^ T.L. Zharkikh: The Workshop on the A-Line Przewalski horse. News Biosphere Reserve "Askania Nova", vol. 11, 2009
  5. ^ WWF-Russia (November 2011): New refuge for Mongolian Gazelle

Coordinates: 49°58′N 115°26′E / 49.967°N 115.433°E / 49.967; 115.433

External links[edit]