Davao Oriental

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Davao Oriental
Silangang Dabaw
Province
Flag of Davao Oriental
Flag
Official seal of Davao Oriental
Seal
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 07°10′N 126°20′E / 7.167°N 126.333°E / 7.167; 126.333Coordinates: 07°10′N 126°20′E / 7.167°N 126.333°E / 7.167; 126.333
Country Philippines
Region Davao Region (Region XI)
Founded May 8, 1967
Capital Mati
Government
 • Type Province of the Philippines
 • Governor Corazon Nunez-Malanyaon (Nacionalista)
 • Vice Governor Jose Mayo Almario (Lakas-CMD)
Area[1]
 • Total 5,679.64 km2 (2,192.92 sq mi)
Area rank 15th out of 81
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 517,618
 • Rank 54th out of 81
 • Density 91/km2 (240/sq mi)
 • Density rank 70th out of 81
Divisions
 • Independent cities 0
 • Component cities 1
 • Municipalities 10
 • Barangays 183
 • Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Davao Oriental
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 8200 to 8210
Dialing code 87
ISO 3166 code PH-DAO
Spoken languages Cebuano, Davawenyo, Mandaya, Kamayo, Chavacano de Davao

Davao Oriental (Cebuano: Sidlakang Dabaw, Filipino: Silangang Dabaw) is a province in the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao. Its capital is Mati and borders Compostela Valley to the west, and Agusan del Sur and Surigao del Sur to the north.

Davao Oriental is the easternmost province of the country with Pusan Point as the easternmost location. The Philippine Sea, part of the Pacific Ocean, faces Davao Oriental to the east. Part of the province lies on an unnamed peninsula that encloses the Davao Gulf to the west.

History[edit]

Prior to its creation as an independent municipality, Davao Oriental was once part of the historical province of Davao.

Further information: Davao (province)

In 1942, the territory of what is now Davao Oriental was occupied by the Japanese Imperial forces.

In 1945, beginning the Battle of Davao from the combined forces of the British, Australian, Dutch and the Filipino troops of the 6th, 101st, 102nd, 103rd, 104th, 106th, 107th and 110th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and 10th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary was supported by the recognized Davaoeño guerrilla fighter units by the attack to the Japanese Imperial forces during the liberation in Eastern Davao or Eastern Davao Campaign until the end of the Second World War.

On May 8, 1967, by virtue of Republic Act No. 4867, Davao was divided into three provinces, one of which was Davao Oriental.[3]

Geography[edit]

Physical[edit]

Davao Oriental is situated on the southeastern tip of Mindanao facing the Pacific Ocean. The Eastern Pacific Cordillera mountain range encompasses the province. To the east of the range lie narrow strips of coastal areas, which feature several inlets and bays.[4][5] The province encloses the Davao Gulf to the southwest.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Davao Oriental is subdivided into 10 municipalities and 1 city.

City or
municipality
District[6] Area
(km²)[6]
Population
(2010)[6][7]
Density
(per km²)
No. of
barangays
ZIP
code
Income
class
(DOF)[6]
Coordinates

Baganga 1st 945.50 53,426 56.5 18 8204 1st 7°34′27″N 126°33′40″E / 7.5741°N 126.5612°E / 7.5741; 126.5612 (Baganga)
Banaybanay 2nd 408.52 39,121 95.8 14 8208 2nd 6°57′38″N 126°00′26″E / 6.9605°N 126.0073°E / 6.9605; 126.0073 (Banaybanay)
Boston 1st 357.03 12,670 35.5 8 8206 3rd 7°52′08″N 126°22′24″E / 7.8689°N 126.3733°E / 7.8689; 126.3733 (Boston)
Caraga 1st 642.70 36,912 57.4 17 8203 1st 7°19′53″N 126°33′52″E / 7.3314°N 126.5645°E / 7.3314; 126.5645 (Caraga)
Cateel 1st 545.56 38,579 70.7 16 8205 2nd 7°47′23″N 126°27′09″E / 7.7897°N 126.4525°E / 7.7897; 126.4525 (Cateel)
Governor Generoso 2nd 365.75 50,372 137.7 20 8210 2nd 6°39′30″N 126°04′47″E / 6.6584°N 126.0798°E / 6.6584; 126.0798 (Governor Generoso)
Lupon 2nd 886.39 61,723 69.6 21 8207 1st 6°54′10″N 126°00′54″E / 6.9027°N 126.0150°E / 6.9027; 126.0150 (Lupon)
Manay 1st 418.36 40,577 97 17 8202 2nd 7°12′50″N 126°32′21″E / 7.2140°N 126.5393°E / 7.2140; 126.5393 (Manay)
Mati 2nd 588.63 126,143 214.3 26 8200 5th 6°57′41″N 126°12′53″E / 6.9614°N 126.2147°E / 6.9614; 126.2147 (Mati)
San Isidro 2nd 220.44 32,424 147.1 16 8209 4th 6°50′07″N 126°05′22″E / 6.8352°N 126.0895°E / 6.8352; 126.0895 (San Isidro)
Tarragona 1st 300.76 25,671 85.4 10 8201 3rd 7°02′58″N 126°26′56″E / 7.0495°N 126.4490°E / 7.0495; 126.4490 (Tarragona)
 †  Provincial capital and component city      Municipality
  • Coordinates mark the city/town center vicinity, and are sorted according to latitude.
  • Income classifications for cities are italicized.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of
Davao Oriental
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 394,697 —    
1995 413,472 +0.87%
2000 446,191 +1.65%
2007 486,104 +1.19%
2010 517,618 +2.31%
Source: National Statistics Office[2]

The native (and official) language spoken in this province are Kamayo and Mandaya, Cebuano is also spoken here, and Chavacano de Davao being spoken by the people from Compostela Valley and Davao City.

Even some of the natives adhere to Christian faith (mostly Catholics), they are syncretic in some of their beliefs. Folklore beliefs include fairies (diwatas).

Homes are usually made out of wood, with bamboo figuring prominently in many rural abodes.

Economy[edit]

Davao Oriental is the copra (dried coconut meat) producer capital of the Philippines.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "Republic Act No. 4867 - An Act Creating the Provinces of Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur and Davao Oriental". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 8 May 1967. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  4. ^ Wernstedt, Frederick L.; Spencer, Joseph Earl (1978). The Philippine Island World: A Physical, Cultural, and Regional Geography. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 32–37. ISBN 9780520035133. Retrieved 27 January 2016. 
  5. ^ Hinz, Erhard (1985). Human Helminthiases in the Philippines the Epidemiological and Geomedical Situation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 129–131. ISBN 9783642708411. Retrieved 27 January 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Province: Davao Oriental". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  7. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010 (Davao)" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 

External links[edit]