|Directed by||Ivan Reitman|
|Written by||Gary Ross|
|Produced by||Ivan Reitman|
Lauren Shuler Donner
|Edited by||Sheldon Kahn|
|Music by||James Newton Howard|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
|May 7, 1993|
|Box office||$92 million|
Dave is a 1993 American political comedy film directed by Ivan Reitman, written by Gary Ross, and starring Kevin Kline and Sigourney Weaver. Frank Langella, Kevin Dunn, Ving Rhames, Charles Grodin, and Ben Kingsley appear in supporting roles.
Dave Kovic runs a temporary employment agency in Georgetown, Washington, D.C., and has a side job impersonating President Bill Mitchell. He is requested by Secret Service agent Duane Stevensen to make an appearance as the president at a hotel. Dave assumes it is a matter of security, but it is really to cover up Mitchell's extramarital affair with a White House staffer.
Mitchell suffers a severe stroke during the rendezvous, leaving him in a coma. White House Chief of Staff Bob Alexander and Communications Director Alan Reed convince Dave to continue impersonating the president, telling him that Vice President Gary Nance is mentally unbalanced. Only Bob, Alan, the president's Secret Service detail (led by Duane), and the medical staff know of the switch. First Lady Ellen Mitchell leads a separate life, rarely seeing the president, in contrast to their public image of a closely knit couple.
The public is notified that Mitchell has had a "minor circulatory problem of the head". With Dave established as president, Bob and Alan send Nance on a 12-nation goodwill tour of Africa and implicate him in savings and loan fraud scandal. Once Nance is forced to resign, Bob plans for Dave to nominate him as vice president, whereupon Mitchell will have a more serious stroke and Bob will ascend to the Presidency.
Dave's enthusiasm revives Mitchell's popularity. He visits a homeless shelter with Ellen, who does not understand why he has taken a sudden interest. Bob forges Mitchell's veto of a funding bill that includes the shelter. When Dave is confronted about the veto by Ellen, he confronts Bob, who offhandedly tells him that if he can cut $650 million from the federal budget he can keep the shelter. Dave has his accountant friend Murray Blum help him rewrite the budget so that the project may be reinstated. To make sure that Bob doesn't interfere, Dave does it publicly during a televised cabinet meeting.
Realizing that Dave is attracted to her – while her husband has long since ceased any such interest – Ellen tricks Dave into revealing the truth. Dave and Duane show her Bill on life support in the White House basement. She and Dave decide to leave the White House. However, after a night out, they realize all the good they could still do and decide to return.
The next morning, Dave blackmails Bob into resigning by threatening to reveal the switch to the public, then announces a plan to find a job for every American who wants work. A few days later, Nance returns from Africa and confronts Dave about the savings and loan scandal, insisting they both know there is no merit to the allegations. Dave talks to Alan, who reveals the whole plan was Bob's idea. Meanwhile, Bob reveals the real Mitchell's involvement in the savings and loan scandal while pushing his own candidacy for the presidency. Dave continues to push the jobs program.
A few nights later, Nance tells Dave that whatever happens to them because of the scandal, he finds the jobs program a wonderful idea. After spending some time with the vice president, Dave tells Ellen that Nance is a good man and would make a great president. Realizing what Dave has planned, Ellen tells him that she does not want to lose him. The next day in a joint session of Congress, Dave admits to Mitchell's role in the scandal, but introduces evidence proving that Bob was the mastermind and Nance is innocent. Bob realizes that Alan has betrayed him as Dave clears Nance of the charges. After apologizing to Nance and the country, Dave fakes a stroke and makes a switch with the real Mitchell in an ambulance en route to the hospital. Nance becomes acting president under the terms of the 25th Amendment and is sworn in as president five months later when Mitchell dies. Bob and eight other members of the Mitchell administration are indicted two days after Dave's jobs initiative passes.
Dave decides to run for city council and Ellen comes to the office to volunteer. They go into his office and passionately kiss and embrace as Ellen quietly proclaims her love for Dave. Duane steps up and stands guard outside the office door.
- Kevin Kline as Dave Kovic/President William Harrison Mitchell
- Sigourney Weaver as Ellen Mitchell
- Frank Langella as Bob Alexander
- Kevin Dunn as Alan Reed
- Ving Rhames as Duane Stevensen
- Ben Kingsley as Vice President Gary Nance
- Charles Grodin as Murray Blum
- Faith Prince as Alice
- Laura Linney as Randi
- Tom Dugan as Jerry
- Stephen Root as Don Durenberger
- Ralph Manza as White House Barber
- Bonnie Hunt as White House Tour Guide
- Anna Deavere Smith as Mrs. Travis
- Charles Hallahan as Policeman
- Stefan Gierasch as House Majority Leader
- Senator Christopher Dodd
- Senator Tom Harkin
- Senator Howard Metzenbaum
- Judge Abner J. Mikva
- Speaker of the House Tip O'Neill
- Senator Paul Simon
- Senator Alan K. Simpson
- Media personalities
Producer Lauren Shuler Donner and screenwriter Gary Ross had known each other since taking a Stella Adler class in the 1970s, and in 1988 Ross told Shuler Donner his idea for Dave. She approved it, and after the idea was rejected by the studio she was contracted to, Warner Bros. bought the project. Ross wrote the script while working on the Michael Dukakis presidential campaign. Production waited three years for Shuler Donner to be released from her contract and for director Ivan Reitman to become available.
According to Reitman, Warner Bros. wanted a box office star to portray the lead role and that one executive even suggested Arnold Schwarzenegger to play the part. Both Warren Beatty and Kevin Costner were also considered for the role. In fact, it was Beatty who brought Dave to Reitman's attention. Kevin Kline almost turned down the role because he thought he would be playing the same character he played in A Fish Called Wanda.
Nevertheless, Kline was hired to play the protagonist, as Reitman considered him to have a presidential look and be an actor "who was both dramatically strong and was light on his feet," as Kline would not only be playing a double role but the film was a comedy that dealt with very serious subject matter. Reitman then called Sigourney Weaver, with whom he had worked in Ghostbusters, for the First Lady role. Ross was present for production, as he was interested in starting a directing career as well.
Dave debuted at number 2 at the US box office, behind Dragon: The Bruce Lee Story. It later jumped to number 1 in its second weekend. In total, Dave made $63.3 million in the United States and Canada and $28.5 million internationally for a worldwide total of $91.8 million.
Dave was met with critical acclaim and has a 95% rating based on 55 reviews collected at Rotten Tomatoes. The consensus on the site states: "Ivan Reitman's refreshingly earnest political comedy benefits from an understated, charming script and a breezy performance by Kevin Kline."
Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three and a half stars out of four. Ebert praised the film's acting and wrote, "Dave takes that old plot about an ordinary person who is suddenly thrust into a position of power, and finds a fresh way to tell it. [...] When I first heard this story line, I imagined that Dave would be completely predictable. I was wrong. The movie is more proof that it isn't what you do, it's how you do it: Ivan Reitman's direction and Gary Ross' screenplay use intelligence and warmhearted sentiment to make Dave into wonderful lighthearted entertainment. [...] Both Kline and Weaver are good at playing characters of considerable intelligence, and that's the case here. The movie may be built on subtle variations of the Idiot Plot (in which the characters skillfully avoid tripping over obvious conclusions), but they bring such particular qualities to their characters that we almost believe them."
Ross was nominated for an Academy Award for his screenplay. Kline's performance was nominated for a Golden Globe Award. Charles Grodin received the American Comedy Award for Funniest Supporting Actor.
Then-President Bill Clinton approved of the film, and gave Ross a framed script, which Clinton had autographed, writing that it was a "funny, often accurate lampooning of politics." Clinton also gave Ross a picture of himself holding a Dave mug.
American Film Institute recognition:
A musical based on the movie opened at the Arena Stage in Washington, D.C., in July 2018. The book is written by Thomas Meehan and Nell Benjamin, with music by Tom Kitt. The production is directed by Tina Landau and stars Drew Gehling as Dave and Douglas Sills as Chief of Staff Bob Alexander.
- List of American films of 1993
- The Magnificent Fraud
- Moon over Parador
- Mr. Smith Goes to Washington
- Double Star
- "AFI-Catalog". catalog.afi.com.
- "Top 100 grossers worldwide, '93-94". Variety. 17 October 1994. p. M-56.
- "Dave: Kevin Kline and Ivan Reitman". Special Broadcasting Service. 12 October 1993. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
- King, Susan (7 May 2018). "'Dave' at 25: Why Kevin Kline Initially Turned Down the Role and Ivan Reitman Walked Away From the Political Comedy". Variety. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
- "Ivan Reitman and Lauren Shuler Donner DAVE Blu-ray Interview". Collider. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
- Priggé, Steven (2004). Movie Moguls Speak: Interviews with Top Film Producers. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 92. ISBN 0-7864-1929-6.
- Lee, Linda (13 April 1997). "Oval Offices, by Way of Hollywood". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
- Citron, Alan (11 May 1993). "Bruce' and 'Dave's' Excellent Box Office". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- Fox, David J. (11 May 1993). "Weekend Box Office : 'Dragon' Makes 'Dave' Vice President". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 6 January 2011.
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- "Dave". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
- Ebert, Roger (7 May 1993). "Dave Movie Review & Summary (1993)". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- Scott Kaufer (March 2000). "Strange Bedfellows". Los Angeles Magazine. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs Nominees" (PDF).
- "Dave – Productions – Shows / Tickets – Arena Stage". arenastage.org. Archived from the original on 8 July 2018. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
- "Starry Creative Team to Debut Musical Adaptation of Dave at Arena Stage".
- Gans, Andrew. "World Premiere of 'Dave' Musical, Starring Drew Gehling and Mamie Parris, Opens at Arena Stage July 27" Playbill, 27 July 2018
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