David Černý

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David Černý
Černý in 2013
Born (1967-12-15) 15 December 1967 (age 56)
OccupationArtist
AwardsJindřich Chalupecký Award (2000)
Websitedavidcerny.cz

David Černý (born 15 December 1967) is a Czech artist. His works can be seen in different locations around Prague as well as in his own, Prague-based museum.

Early life[edit]

Černý was born in Prague, Czechoslovakia. From 1988 to 1994, he studied at the Kurt Gebauer Studio at the Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design in Prague, and in 1995 and 1996, he participated in the Whitney Museum Independent Study Program in New York, US. In 1994–1995, he took the PSI artists residence in New York, and in 1996, he received a Pollock-Krasner Foundation grant. In 1991, he took a residency of the Swiss government in Boswil.[1]

Career[edit]

Černý gained notoriety in 1991 by painting pink a Soviet tank that served as a war memorial in central Prague.[2] His act of civil disobedience was considered vandalism, and he was briefly arrested. Another of Černý's conspicuous contributions to Prague is Tower Babies (2000), a series of cast figures of crawling infants attached to Žižkov Television Tower.[3]

In 2005, Černý created Shark, an image of Saddam Hussein in a tank of formaldehyde; the piece was presented at the second Prague Biennale that same year. Shark is a direct parody of a 1991 work by Damien Hirst, The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living. In 2006, the piece was banned in Middelkerke, Belgium; in Bielsko-Biała, Poland; and also in the German town of Büdelsdorf.[4] [5] With respect to the Belgian situation, the mayor of that town, Michel Landuyt, admitted that he was worried that the exhibit could "shock people, including Muslims" in a year already marred by tensions associated with Danish cartoons depicting the prophet Mohammed.[6]

The deputy mayor of Bielsko-Biała, Zbigniew Michniowski, contacted the city-funded gallery, galeria BWA, on 9 September 2006, and threatened dire consequences if the artwork was not removed promptly.[citation needed] In response, Shark was transported to the Szara gallery, in the nearby town of Cieszyn. Its mayor, Bogdan Ficek, distanced himself from Bielsko-Biała's position: "I cannot see any reason a politician should censor art", he said.[7]

Černý's statue METALmorphosis is on display in Charlotte, North Carolina.[8] He created a similar outdoor sculpture in 2014 in Prague, called Head of Franz Kafka.

His Entropa, presented to mark the Czech presidency of the Council of the European Union during the first half of 2009, attracted controversy both for its stereotyped depictions of the various EU member states, and because it turned out to have been created by Černý and two friends rather than, as promised, being a collaboration between artists from each of the member states.[9][10] Some EU member states reacted negatively to the depiction of their country. For instance, Bulgaria decided to summon the Czech ambassador to Sofia in order to discuss the illustration of the Balkan country as a collection of squat toilets.[11] Meanwhile, the Bulgarian permanent representative to the EU allegedly said, "It is a humiliation for the Bulgarian nation and an offense to our national dignity.” "[12]

For the 2012 Summer Olympics, Černý created London Booster—a double-decker bus with mechanical arms for doing push-ups.[13]

Awards[edit]

In 2000, Černý won the Jindřich Chalupecký Award.[14]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pospiszyl, Tomáš. "David Černý". Artlist. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
  2. ^ "David Černý's Metalmorphosis". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  3. ^ "Žižkov Tower". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  4. ^ "FileRoom.org – David Cerny's artwork "Shark" pulled from exhibition called "Shadows of humor"". www.thefileroom.org. Retrieved 28 November 2015.
  5. ^ Kalenská, Renata (10 August 2017). "Možná strach, vysvětluje Černý, proč mu Němci zakázali plastiku Saddáma Husajna" (in Czech). Seznam Zprávy. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  6. ^ Floating Saddam banned Archived 7 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Gazeta Wyborcza, 10 September 2006
  8. ^ "David Černý's Metalmorphosis". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  9. ^ "Czech EU art stokes controversy". BBC. 14 January 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2015.
  10. ^ Lyall, Sarah (14 January 2009). "Art Hoax Unites Europe in Displeasure". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 28 November 2015.
  11. ^ "Czech sculptor Cerny apologises to govt for EU mystification". www.ceskenoviny.cz. Archived from the original on 29 June 2009.
  12. ^ Lyall, Sarah (14 January 2009). "Art Hoax Unites Europe in Displeasure". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  13. ^ Pattni, Vijay (24 July 2012). "Watch a double-decker do push-ups". Top Gear. Archived from the original on 25 October 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2015.
  14. ^ "Laureates". Jindřich Chalupecký Society. Archived from the original on 29 October 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.

External links[edit]