David A. Granger

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David A. Granger
David Granger at 48th Mercosur Summit (cropped).jpg
9th President of Guyana
In office
16 May 2015 – 2 August 2020
Vice PresidentCarl Barrington Greenidge
Khemraj Ramjattan
Sydney Allicock
Prime Minister (also First Vice President)Moses Nagamootoo
Preceded byDonald Ramotar
Succeeded byIrfaan Ali
Personal details
Born
David Arthur Granger

(1945-07-15) 15 July 1945 (age 75)
Georgetown, British Guiana
Political partyPeople's National Congress
Other political
affiliations
A Partnership for National Unity
Spouse(s)
(m. 1970)
Children2
Military service
Allegiance Guyana
Years of service1967–1992
RankGuyana Defence Force (GDF) Brigadier rank insignia.svg Brigadier

David Arthur Granger (born 15 July 1945) is a Guyanese politician and retired military officer who served as the 9th President of Guyana from May 2015 to August 2020. He served for a time as Commander of the Guyana Defence Force and subsequently as National Security Adviser from 1990 to 1992. He was Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly of Guyana from 2012 to 2015.

Granger stood as the opposition coalition's presidential candidate in the November 2011 general election, but was defeated. He was elected as President in the May 2015 general election. He lost a vote of confidence on 21 December 2018 that lead to a snap election.

Career[edit]

Born in Georgetown, David Arthur Granger became a senior officer of the Guyana Defence Force (GDF) by Prime Minister Linden Forbes Sampson Burnham.[citation needed] Granger attended Queen’s College, one of Guyana's most prestigious schools, along the likes of Presidents Forbes Burnham, Cheddi Jagan, Samuel Hinds and scholars Walter Rodney and Rupert Roopnaraine. After leaving Queen’s College, where he was a member of the Queen’s College Cadet Corps, Granger joined the Guyana Defence Force as an officer cadet in 1965 and was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in 1966.[citation needed] He received his professional military training at the Army Command and Staff College in Nigeria; the Jungle Warfare Instruction Centre in Brazil; and the School of Infantry and the Mons Officer Cadet School, respectively, in the United Kingdom.[citation needed]

He became commander of the Guyana Defence Force in 1979 and was promoted to the rank of brigadier. In 1990, Granger was appointed as National Security Adviser to the President[1] and retired from the military service in 1992.[2]

Granger founded the Guyana Review news magazine in 1992 and served as its Managing Editor. He has researched and published essays on military, historical and media themes, and is also the author of Guyana's State Media: the quest for control, and A Preliminary Study of Women Soldiers in the Anglophone Caribbean. For the 1995–1996 academic year he was a Hubert H. Humphrey/Fulbright Fellow at the Philip Merrill College of Journalism at the University of Maryland, College Park.[3]

In 2010, he made a successful bid to be elected as the presidential candidate of the People’s National Congress–Reform for the November 2011 general election.[4][5] Standing as the opposition coalition's presidential candidate, Granger was defeated by Donald Ramotar. He was unanimously elected as Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly on 16 January 2012.[6]

Granger stood again as the presidential candidate of the opposition coalition, APNUAFC, in the 11 May 2015 general election. The coalition secured the majority of votes, and Granger was sworn in as President of Guyana on 16 May 2015.[7]

He lost a vote of no confidence on 21 December 2018, leading to a snap election.

2020 Elections[edit]

After losing the vote of No Confidence in December 2018, elections were held on 2 March 2020. The elections were overseen by many international entities such as the Organisation of American States, Carter Center, CARICOM and European Union. Initially, Granger and his party tried to claim victory on manipulated numbers.[8] He later tried to claim the elections were tainted by fraud and should be cancelled, a move similar to Donald Trump.[9][10] Ultimately, a national recount of votes on the indicated a win for the opposing People's Progressive Party presidential candidate Irfaan Ali. This is the third Guyanese President to attempt to win an election by rigging, the previous being Forbes Burnham and Desmond Hoyte, both from Granger's PNC party. [11] [12] [13]

Education[edit]

Granger attended the prestigious institution of Queen's College. He did some workshops from time and he was covered by the Army.[citation needed]

He also attended the Urban Policy Development Workshop at the University of California, Los Angeles; the Defense Planning and Resource Management course at the National Defense University, Washington DC; and the Counter-Terrorism Educators' Workshop at the Joint Special Operations University, Florida, USA.[14]

Commander[edit]

Granger was Commander of the Guyana Defence Force (GDF) and National Security Adviser to President Hoyte. He received his military training at the Mons Officer Cadet School, and the School of Infantry in the United Kingdom; the Jungle Warfare Instruction Centre in Brazil, and the Army Command and Staff College in Nigeria. He was a member of several defence and security agencies. He held the chairmanship of the Central Intelligence Committee; co-chairmanship of the Border and National Security Committee; and was a member of the Guyana Defence Board, National Drug Law Enforcement Committee, and the Disciplined Forces Commission. Granger has served in several public organisations.[citation needed]

Academic/Historian[edit]

He was elected to the presidencies of the History Society, the Guyana Heritage Society, the University of Guyana Guild of Graduates; and the Guyana Chess Federation. He was also a member of the University of Guyana Council, Association of Caribbean Historians, Caribbean Studies Association, Guyana Press Association, Guyana Book Foundation, and is currently a member of the Guyana Legion and the Board of Trustees of the Guyana Veterans Foundation.[citation needed]

Author[edit]

Granger has written extensively on national defence and public security issues. He is the author of National Defence: A Brief History of the Guyana Defence Force, 1965 – 2005; Public Security: Criminal Violence and Policing in Guyana; and Public Policy: The Crisis of Governance in Guyana.[citation needed]

He has also written several monographs, including Five Thousand Day War: The Struggle for Haiti's Independence, 1789–1804; The British Guiana Volunteer Force, 1948–1966; The Guyana National Service, 1974–2000; The Guyana People's Militia, 1976–1997; The Queen's College Cadet Corps, 1889–1975; Guyana's Coinage, 1808–2008; The Era of Enslavement, 1638–1838; and The Village Movement, 1839–1889.[citation needed]

He was co-editor, with Winston McGowan and James Rose, of Themes in African–Guyanese History, and was publisher of the Guyana Review and Emancipation magazines.[15]

Awards[edit]

David Granger with President of Brazil Dilma Rousseff in 2015.

Granger has received various academic awards, including the President's Medal for the best graduating student; Dennis Irvine Prize for the student who has made the greatest contribution to all cultural life of the University; Council of the University Prize; Elsa Goveia Medal of Excellence; Guy de Weever History Prize; Earl Attlee History Prize; Mary Noel Menezes Award for History; Department of History Prize and others, from the University of Guyana.[14]

He also holds three national awards: the Military Efficiency Medal (1976), the Military Service Medal (1981), and the Military Service Star (1985) for distinguished military service.[14]

Personal life[edit]

Granger is married to Sandra Granger (née Chan-A-Sue) and has two daughters, Han and Afuwa.[16] In November 2018, Granger was diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ DeRouen, Karl R.; Uk Heo (2005). Defense and Security: A Compendium of National Armed Forces and Security Policies. ABC-CLIO Ltd. p. 117. ISBN 978-1-85109-781-4. Between 1990 and 1992, the policy-making framework was expanded to create the position of national security adviser to the president. Brigadier David Granger, a one-time GDF force commander, was named Guyana's first national security adviser. Following his election in October 1992, however, President Cheddi Jagan abolished the position.
  2. ^ Stabroek staff (1 October 2010). "Granger denies 1973 ballot box allegation". Stabroek News. Retrieved 27 October 2010. Granger retired from military service in 1992, after serving as National Security Adviser to the President and as Commander of the GDF. During his military service, Granger served as planning officer for the establishment of the Guyana National Service and the Guyana People’s Militia, and he also led military delegations to Brazil, Cuba, Germany, Guinea, North Korea, Somalia and Yugoslavia. Granger received the Military Service Star; the Military Service Medal; the Efficiency Medal; the Border Defence Medal; and other service awards.
  3. ^ "David A. Granger is Guyana's 8th Executive President". Guyana Inc. No. 16. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  4. ^ Stabroek editor (29 September 2010). "Breaking News: David Granger nominated by PNCR group to be party's presidential candidate". Stabroek News. Retrieved 27 October 2010. Retired army brigadier David Granger tonight confirmed a report on Capitol News that he had been nominated by a PNCR group to be the party’s presidential candidate at the 2011 general elections and he has accepted the nomination.
  5. ^ "Group in Diaspora formed to support David Granger". Kaieteur News. 26 October 2010. Retrieved 27 October 2010. A group of Guyanese in North America has formed what its members call 'Guyanese United For Change', (GUFC), and has announced its support for Retired Brigadier David Granger’s bid for presidential candidate of the People’s National Congress Reform.
  6. ^ Ariana Gordon, "Granger elected opposition leader"[permanent dead link], Guyana Times, 17 January 2012.
  7. ^ Neil Marks, "Guyana swears in new president after multiracial bloc wins vote", Reuters, 16 May 2015.
  8. ^ https://www.kaieteurnewsonline.com/2020/07/12/a-review-of-mingos-region-4-fraud/
  9. ^ https://www.kaieteurnewsonline.com/2020/05/15/coalition-wants-gecom-to-annul-elections-jagdeo/
  10. ^ https://www.miamiherald.com/news/nation-world/world/americas/article244127162.html
  11. ^ https://www.stabroeknews.com/2019/01/25/features/frankly-speaking/on-rigging-elections-past-and-present/
  12. ^ http://www.guyana.org/features/postindependence/chapter11.html
  13. ^ http://www.guyanajournal.com/1968electionfraud.html
  14. ^ a b c "Brigadier David Arthur Granger, MSM, MSS President of the Cooperative Republic of Guyana". Office of the President. 31 August 2015.
  15. ^ "Preserving our Literary Heritage – PORTRAIT OF A PRESIDENT – as a Man of Letters". Guyana Chronicle. 30 May 2014.
  16. ^ David Granger promises hope, revival and purposeful leadership, Kaieteur News, 10 April 2011. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  17. ^ "President Granger diagnosed with cancer". Stabroek News. 15 November 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
Political offices
Preceded by
Donald Ramotar
President of Guyana
2015–2020
Succeeded by
Irfaan Ali