David A. Winter

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David Arthur Winter
Dave Winter - 2010.jpg
Born (1930-06-16)June 16, 1930
Windsor, Ontario, Canada
Died February 6, 2012(2012-02-06) (aged 81)[1]
Guelph, Ontario
Residence Canada
Nationality Canada
Alma mater Queen's University at Kingston
Known for Biomechanics, Electromyography, Gait Analysis
Scientific career
Fields Kinesiology, Biomechanics
Institutions University of Waterloo, University of Manitoba, Technical University of Nova Scotia, Royal Military College of Canada

David A. Winter (PhD, PEng) is a distinguished professor emeritus of the University of Waterloo. He was a founding member of the Canadian Society for Biomechanics and its first Career Award winner. He was later awarded the Muybridge Medal of the International Society of Biomechanics (ISB) and the Lifetime Achievement Award of The Gait and Clinical Movement Analysis Society. Before becoming an academic he served as an electrical officer with the Royal Canadian Navy on HMCS Nootka from 1952 to 1958. He completed his service at the rank of lieutenant commander. In December 2011, ISB named an award to encourage young people to stay involved in biomechanics research the "David Winter Young Investigator Award."

Winter is notable for introducing many important methods and concepts to the study of human locomotion and balance, such as automated television motion capture,[2] lowpass digital filtering of marker trajectories,[3] measurement of instantaneous segmental energy,[4] and the powers produced by joint moments of force,[5] and the analysis of electromyograms by ensemble averaging.[6]


  • BSc, Electrical Engineering, Queen's University, 1953
  • MSc, Electrical Engineering, Queen's University, 1961
  • PhD, Physiology & Biophysics, Dalhousie University, 1967

Academic posts[edit]

Winter started his academic career in 1961 as an assistant professor in electrical engineering at the Royal Military College in Kingston, Ontario. He then took up a similar position at the Technical University of Nova Scotia where was eventually promoted to professor in 1969. In 1969, he became director of biomedical engineering at the Shriner's Hospital in Winnipeg with an associate professorship in surgery at the University of Manitoba and an adjunct professorship in electrical engineering. He was then hired as associate professor in the Department of Kinesiology at the University of Waterloo in 1974. He was promoted to professor in 1976, and when he retired in 1995 was given the title of distinguished professor emeritus.[7]


  • David A. Winter. (2009). Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement, Fourth Edition. Published by John Wiley & Sons, New York.[8] ISBN 978-0-470-39818-0.
  • David A. Winter and Aftab E. Patla. (1997). Signal Processing and Linear Systems for the Movement Sciences. Published by Waterloo Biomechanics.[9]
  • David A. Winter. (1995). A.B.C. (Anatomy, Biomechanics and Control) of Balance during Standing and Walking. David A. Winter. Published by Waterloo Biomechanics.[9]
  • David A. Winter. (1991). The Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Gait: Normal, Elderly and Pathological, Second Edition. David A. Winter. Published by Waterloo Biomechanics.[9]

Awards and honours[edit]

  • 1990, Career Investigators Award, Canadian Society for Biomechanics[10]
  • 1995, Wartenweiler Memorial Lecture, 15th Congress International Society of Biomechanics[11]
  • 1996, Geoffrey Dyson Lecturer, International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, Madeira, June 25[12]
  • 2001, Lifetime Achievement Award, The Gait and Clinical Movement Analysis Society[8]
  • 2001, Muybridge Medal, The International Society of Biomechanics[13]

Additional awards[edit]

  • 1966–1968, Canada Council Fellow in Engineering, Medicine & Science
  • 1970–1974, President, Canadian Medical and Biological Engineering Society[14]
  • 1973, Listed in American Men and Women of Science
  • 1997, Fellow of Institute of Electrical & Electronic Engineers[8]
  • 2002, Fellow of Canadian Society for Biomechanics[15]


  1. ^ Kinesiology remembers professor David Winter, University of Waterloo
  2. ^ Winter, D.A., Greenlaw, R.K., Hobson, D.A. Television-computer analysis of kinematics of human gait. Computers and Biomed. Research, 5:498-504, 1972.
  3. ^ Winter, D.A., Sidwall, H.G., Hobson, D.A. Measurement and reduction of noise in kinematics of locomotion. J. Biomech. 7:157-159, 1974.
  4. ^ Winter, D.A., Quanbury, A.O., Reimer, G.D. Analysis of instantaneous energy of normal gait. J. Biomech. 9:253-257, 1976.
  5. ^ Winter, D.A., Quanbury, A.O., Reimer, G.D. Instantaneous energy and power flow in gait of normals. Biomechanics VA. Komi, P.V. (Ed.) Baltimore: University Park Press, 334-340, 1976.
  6. ^ Winter, D.A. Use of computer averaged EMG profiles in the diagnosis of pathological gait. Arch. Phys. Med. and Rehab. 65:393-400, 1984.
  7. ^ David Winter, Kinesiology, Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo
  8. ^ a b c Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement, 4th Edition, Wiley Interscience
  9. ^ a b c Waterloo Biomechanics
  10. ^ Career Awards, Canadian Society for Biomechanics
  11. ^ Wartenweiler Memorial Lecture, International Society of Biomechanics
  12. ^ Awards Archived 2012-08-01 at Archive.is, International Society of Biomechanics
  13. ^ Muybridge Medal, International Society of Biomechanics
  14. ^ Past Executives, Canadian Medical and Biological Engineering Society
  15. ^ Fellows of the Society, Canadian Society for Biomechanics