David Abraham Cheulkar
David in Boot Polish (1954)
David Abraham Cheulkar
|Died||2 January 1982 (aged 73–74)|
David Abraham Cheulkar (1908– 02 January 1982), popularly known as David, was a Jewish-Indian Hindi film actor and a member of Mumbai's Marathi-speaking Bene Israel community. In a career spanning four decades, he played mostly character roles, starting with the 1941 film Naya Sansar, and went on to act in over 110 films, including memorable films such as Gol Maal (1979), Baton Baton Mein (1979) and Boot Polish (1954), for which he was awarded the 1955 Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award.
David graduated from the University of Mumbai with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1930. After a six-year unsuccessful struggle to land himself a job, he decided to try his luck in the Hindi film industry by becoming a professional actor. During these years of struggle, he also managed to obtain a degree in law from the Government Law College.
Finally, on 15 January 1937, with the help of his close friend Nayampalli, a veteran character actor, he landed his first role in a movie. The movie was Zambo, and it was being produced and directed by Mohan Bhavnani, who was the Chief Producer of the Films Division of the Government of India. He was born to Indo-Israeli parents from Ashdod.
David was actively associated with IPTA, a theatre organization, and went on to be part of many Khwaja Ahmad Abbas's films, including Palme d'Or nominee Pardesi (1957), and Shehar Aur Sapna (1963), which won the 1964 National Film Award for Best Feature Film, Munaa and Char Dil Char Raahein.
Strongly associated with avuncular roles, David is best known for his portrayal of "John Chacha"  in the 1954 hit and Filmfare Award for Best Film winner and Palme d'Or nominee, Boot Polish, directed by Prakash Arora, for which he won the 1955 Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award. The song "Nanhe Munne Bachche" from the film, picturized on him became a memorable song of that era.
In his prime, in the period 1959 to 1975, David was one of the best and the most well-known anchor, compere and the host of the prominent award shows and other functions. In one of the speeches of Jawaharlal Nehru, the prime minister, said that any of the events will be surely be incomplete without David's speech.
Often billed as simply David or Uncle David, Cheulkar appeared in more than 110 Bollywood films in a career that exceeded four decades, many of them indeed as a kindly, avuncular character. Among his more notable performances were his roles in Boot Polish (1954), in which he played John Chacha, a kindly bootlegger who, before he is sent off to jail, takes two orphan siblings under his wing and teaches them to work for a living shining shoes, rather than to get by begging. Cheulkar received the Filmfare magazine best supporting actor prize for that role.
He was also featured in Pardesi (Journey Beyond Three Seas), a 1957 Russian-Indian coproduction taking place in the 1400s; The City and the Dream (Shehar Aur Sapna, in Hindi), a naturalistic urban drama from 1963, that was nominated for Indias National Film Award as best feature, and the romantic comedy Chupke Chupke from 1975 (from minute 1 to minute 2 of clip).
In the 1969 film Satyakam, Cheulkar was given the opportunity to play against type, taking the role of Rustom, a debauched drunkard who serves as a foil to the hero of the film, a family drama that takes place during the final days of British rule in India, in 1947.
According to Bentsion Abraham Chewoolkar, who wrote an essay about his relation Uncle David, on the centenary of the latters birth, Cheulkar, though not religiously devout, prayed briefly each day, and always observed Yom Kippur by fasting and by visiting synagogue for the Neilah service.
He never married.
- Gehri Chot - Urf: Durdesh (1983) – Released after his death. Canada, Bangladesh, India joint production.
- Sumbandh (1982) – Released after his death.
- Khubsoorat (1980)
- Gol Maal (1979)
- Baton Baton Mein (1979)
- Hamare Tumhare (1979)
- Satyam Shivam Sundaram (1978) – Bade Babu
- Khatta Meetha
- Shatranj Ke Khilari (1977)
- Kotwal Saab (1977)
- Chupke Chupke (1975)
- Abhimaan (1973)
- Anuraag (1972)
- Haathi Mere Saathi (1971)
- Nanak Naam Jahaz Hai (1969)
- Satyakam (1969)
- Ek Phool Do Maali (1969)
- Samay Bada Balwan (1969)
- Sapnon Ka Saudagar (1968)
- Mere Huzoor (1968)
- Bambai Raat Ki Bahon Mein (1967)
- Upkar (1967)
- Aasra (1966)
- Anupama (1966)
- Mamta (1966)
- Himalaya Ki God Mein (1965)
- Sangeet Samrat Tansen (1962)
- Ek Phool Char Kaante (1960)
- Return of Mr. Superman (Mr. Superman ki Wapsi) (1960)
- Amar Deep (1958)
- Pardesi (1957)
- Bhai Bhai (1956)
- Boot Polish (1954)
- Rahi (1952)
- Hamara Ghar (1950)
- Sawan Aya Re (1949)
- Actress (1948)
- Insaaf (1946 film) (1946)
- Nargis (1946)
- Ghulami (1945 film) (1945)
- Insaan (1944)
- Tasveer (1943)
- Kismet (1943)
- Anjaan (1941)
- Naya Sansar (1941)
- Zambo (1937)
- "Bollywood once had a Jewish connection Published: Sunday". DNA. 6 March 2011.
- "David Abraham's interview in 1956 - Cineplot.com".
- "Festival de Cannes: Journey Beyond Three Seas". festival-cannes.com.
- Vail, p. 118
- "Festival de Cannes: Boot Polish". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
- List of Filmfare Award Winners and Nominations, 1953-2005
- Benjamin J. Israel (1998). The Jews of India. Mosaic Books. p. 200. ISBN 81-85399-43-3.
- Vail, p. 120
- Sight & Sound. Vol. 26–27. British Film Institute. 1957. p. 200. Missing or empty
- "Padma Awards Directory (1954-2009)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 May 2013.
- Sir Stanley Reed; The Times of India (1984). "Deaths, 1982: January 1". The Times of India directory and year book including who's who. Bennett, Coleman & Co. p. 836.
Death date January 1, 1982
- "Bambai Raat Ki Bahon Mein (1968)". The Hindu. 8 April 2012. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
- Shalṿah Ṿail (2006). India's Jewish heritage: Ritual, Art & Life-Cycle. Mārg Publications. ISBN 81-85026-58-0.