David A. Sinclair
David A. Sinclair
|Alma mater||University of New South Wales (BS, PhD)|
|Awards||Australian Commonwealth Prize, Thompson Prize, Helen Hay Whitney Postdoctoral Award, Time 100|
|Institutions||Paul F. Glenn Center for the Biology of Aging at Harvard Medical School|
David Andrew Sinclair  is an Australian biologist who is a professor of genetics and co-Director of the Paul F. Glenn Center for the Biology of Aging at Harvard Medical School. He is known for his research on aging and has received numerous awards for his research, including the Australian Medical Research Medal and the Frontiers in Aging and Regeneration Award. In 2014, Sinclair was included in Time 100 as one of the hundred most influential people in the world, and in 2018 he was included in Time Magazine's 50 Most Influential People in Health Care. Sinclair was appointed Officer of the Order of Australia (AO) for "distinguished service to medical research into the biology of ageing and lifespan extension, as a geneticist and academic, to biosecurity initiatives, and as an advocate for the study of science".(born June 26, 1969)
Sinclair has appeared in various news outlets. Besides Time Magazine, he has appeared in The New York Times, The Charlie Rose Show, 60 Minutes, Boston Magazine, The Washington Post, The Economist, TED and The Joe Rogan Experience.
Early life and education
David Andrew Sinclair was born in Australia in 1969, and he grew up in St Ives, New South Wales. His paternal grandmother had emigrated to Australia following the suppression of the Hungarian Uprising of 1956, and his father changed the family name from Szigeti to Sinclair. Sinclair obtained a Bachelor of Science at the University of New South Wales, Sydney, and received the Australian Commonwealth Prize. In 1995, he received a Ph.D. in Molecular Genetics from the same school, focusing on gene regulation in yeast.
In 1993, he met Leonard P. Guarente, a Massachusetts Institute of Technology professor who studied genes involved in the regulation of aging, when Guarente was on a lecture tour in Australia, and the meeting spurred Sinclair to apply for a post-doc position in Guarente's lab. Earlier that year Cynthia Kenyon's lab at UCSF had discovered that a single-gene mutation in (Daf-2) could double the lifespan of C. elegans.
In 1999, Sinclair was hired at Harvard Medical School. In 2003, his lab was small and struggling for funding. In 2004, Sinclair met with the philanthropist Paul F. Glenn who donated $5 million to Harvard to establish the Paul F. Glenn Laboratories for the Biological Mechanisms of Aging at Harvard, of which Sinclair became the founding Director. He currently serves as the co-Director with Bruce Yankner.
In 2004, Sinclair, along with serial entrepreneur Andrew Perlman, Christoph Westphal, Richard Aldrich, Richard Pops, and Paul Schimmel, founded Sirtris Pharmaceuticals. Sirtris was focused on developing Sinclair's research into activators of sirtuins, work that began in the Guarente lab. The company was specifically focused on resveratrol formulations and derivatives as activators of the SIRT1 enzyme; Sinclair became known for making statements about resveratrol like: “(It's) as close to a miraculous molecule as you can find.... One hundred years from now, people will maybe be taking these molecules on a daily basis to prevent heart disease, stroke, and cancer.” Most of the anti-aging field was more cautious, especially with regard to what else resveratrol might do in the body and its lack of bioavailability. The company's initial product was called SRT501, and was a formulation of resveratrol. Sirtris went public in 2007 and was subsequently purchased and made a subsidiary of GlaxoSmithKline in 2008 for $720 million.
In 2006, Genocea Biosciences was founded based on work of Harvard scientist Darren E. Higgins around antigens that stimulate T cells and the use of these antigens to create vaccines; Sinclair was a co-founder.
In 2008, Sinclair joined the scientific advisory board of Shaklee and helped them devise and introduce a product containing resveratrol called "Vivix"; after the Wall Street Journal requested an interview about his work with the company and its marketing, he disputed the use of his name and words to promote the supplement, and resigned.
In 2011, Sinclair was a co-founder of OvaScience with Michelle Dipp (who had been involved with Sirtris), Aldrich, Westphal, and Jonathan Tilly, based on scientific work done by Tilly concerning mammalian oogonial stem cells and work on mitochondria by Sinclair. Tilly's work was controversial, with some groups unable to replicate it.
In 2015, Sinclair described to The Scientist his efforts to get funding for his lab, how his lab grew to around 20 people, shrunk back down to about 5, and then grew again as he brought in funding from philanthropic organizations and companies, including companies that he helped to start. In 2015, his lab had 22 people and was supported by one R01 grant and was 75% funded by non-federal funds. However, as of 2016, this was no longer true as his federal funding began to increase.
In 2018, Sinclair was made an Officer of the Order of Australia (AO) for "distinguished service to medical research into the biology of ageing and lifespan extension, as a geneticist and academic, to biosecurity initiatives, and as an advocate for the study of science".
In September 2019, Sinclair published Lifespan: Why We Age — and Why We Don’t Have To, a New York Times Bestseller, co-written with journalist Matthew LaPlante and translated into 18 languages. This was also released as an audiobook on Audible and narrated by Sinclair himself.
While Sinclair was in Guarente's lab, he discovered that Sirtuin 1 (called sir2 in yeast) slows aging in yeast by reducing the accumulation of extrachromosomal rDNA circles. Others working in the lab at the time identified NAD as an essential cofactor for sirtuin function. In 2002, after he had left for Harvard, he clashed with Guarente at a scientific meeting at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, challenging Guarante's description of how sir2 might be involved in aging; this set off a scientific rivalry.
In 2003, when his lab was still small, Sinclair learned that scientists at a Pennsylvania biotech company called Biomol Research Laboratories discovered that polyphenols including resveratrol could activate sir2, and he collaborated with them to confirm this. This led to publications authored in part by Sinclair in both Nature and Science in 2003. Sinclair's outspoken advocacy for resveratrol as an anti-aging compound started a scientific controversy over whether this was true, and whether resveratrol even activated sirtuins. High profile papers claiming age reversal of mice have also come under intense scrutiny. Work in another lab, done partially with funding from Sirtris, found increases in the number of mitochondria in the cells of mice given high doses of resveratrol. Sinclair's lab continued to work on resveratrol and analogs of it, as well as on mitochondria and NAD, all directed to understanding aging and how to prevent it.
- Sinclair, David (2019). Lifespan: Why We Age - and Why We Don't Have To. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1501191978. A New York Times bestseller (2019).
- "David Sinclair". The Sinclair Lab, Harvard Medical School, Department of Genetics. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
- Duncan, David Ewing (August 15, 2007). "The Enthusiast". MIT Technology Review.
- "David Sinclair". Harvard Medical School. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
- "David Sinclair Time 100". University of New South Wales. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
- "David Sinclair Time 50 Health". Business Wire. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
- Sinclair, Andrew David (26 January 2018). "Australia Day 2018 Honours List".
- Couzin, J (27 February 2004). "Scientific community. Aging research's family feud". Science. 303 (5662): 1276–9. doi:10.1126/science.303.5662.1276. PMID 14988530. S2CID 161459205.
- "Sirtris S-1 Registration for IPO". Sirtris via SEC Edgar. March 1, 2007.
- Wade, Nicholas (17 August 2009). "Tests Begin on Drugs That May Slow Aging". The New York Times.
- McBride, Ryan (12 August 2010). "Former Sirtris Execs' Nonprofit Starts Selling Resveratrol with Potential Anti-Aging Effects Online". Xconomy.
- Carroll, John; McBride, Ryan (Mar 12, 2013). "UPDATED: GSK moves to shutter Sirtris' Cambridge office, integrate R&D". FierceBiotech.
- "GSK absorbs controversial 'longevity' company : News blog". Nature Blog.
- Richtel, Matt (16 May 2007). "Warding Off Diseases, Many Vaccines at a Time". The New York Times.
- McBride, Ryan (May 1, 2008). "Polaris' Bitterman is humble about his early VC success". Boston Business Journal.
- "Professor David Sinclair | School of Medical Sciences". medicalsciences.med.unsw.edu.au. Retrieved 2017-11-26.
- Goldstein, Jacob (26 December 2008). "Harvard Researcher Tied to Shaklee 'Anti-Aging Tonic' Vivix". WSJ.
- "OvaScience S-1". OvaScience via SEC Edgar. August 29, 2012.
- Weintraub, Karen (December 9, 2016). "Can fertility startup OvaScience really help women conceive late in life, as promised?". MIT Technology Review.
- Grieve, Kelsey M.; McLaughlin, Marie; Dunlop, Cheryl E.; Telfer, Evelyn E.; Anderson, Richard A. (2015). "The controversial existence and functional potential of oogonial stem cells". Maturitas. 82 (3): 278–281. doi:10.1016/j.maturitas.2015.07.017. PMID 26278874.
- Powell, K (15 June 2006). "Born or made? Debate on mouse eggs reignites". Nature. 441 (7095): 795. doi:10.1038/441795a. PMID 16778853. S2CID 3111297.
- Grant, Bob (May 1, 2015). "Follow the Funding". The Scientist.
- "Grantome". Retrieved January 22, 2021.
- Sinclair, Andrew David (26 January 2018). "Australia Day 2018 Honours List".
- Finkel, Toren (2019-09-10). "The enlightenment of age". Nature. 573 (7773): 193–194. doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02667-5.
- Sinclair, David A (10 September 2019). Lifespan: Why We Age - and Why We Don't Have To. Audible.
- Wallace, Benjamin. "An MIT Scientist Claims That This Pill Is the Fountain of Youth". New York Magazine.
- Gomes, Ana P.; Price, Nathan L.; Ling, Alvin J. Y.; Moslehi, Javid J.; Montgomery, Magdalene K.; Rajman, Luis; White, James P.; Teodoro, João S.; Wrann, Christiane D.; Hubbard, Basil P.; Mercken, Evi M. (2013-12-19). "PUBPEER Dissection of Anomalies with Figures in Declining NAD(+) induces a pseudohypoxic state disrupting nuclear-mitochondrial communication during aging". PubPeer.