David Ayres Depue Ogden

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David Ayres Depue Ogden
David Ayres Depue Ogden.jpg
General Ogden as Commander of the Ryukyus Command in the early 1950s
Born October 16, 1897 (1897-10-16)
Newark, New Jersey
Died November 26, 1969 (1969-11-27) (aged 72)
Bradenton, Florida
Buried at Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch Emblem of the United States Department of the Army.svg United States Army
Years of service 1918-1957
Rank US-O9 insignia.svg Lieutenant General
Commands held
Battles/wars
  • World War I
  • World War II
Awards

David Ayres Depue Ogden (October 16, 1897 – November 26, 1969) was a United States Army Lieutenant General. He was noteworthy for his command of the 3rd Engineer Special Brigade during World War II, the Ryukyus Command in the early 1950s, and his culminating assignment as the US Army's Inspector General.

Early life[edit]

Ogden was born in Newark, New Jersey. He graduated from the Kent School and attended Princeton University before transferring to the United States Military Academy. He graduated in 1918 and was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the Engineers.

World War I[edit]

After receiving his commission Ogden carried out an observation tour of Europe at the end of World War I, after which he completed the Engineer Officer Course at Camp Humphreys, Virginia.[1]

Post World War I[edit]

In 1923 Ogden was assigned to Camp Devens, Massachusetts, instructing Reserve officers in engineering.[2]

During the early 1930s Ogden was assigned as assistant to the chief engineer of the district that included Chicago.[3][4][5]

By the mid-1930s, Ogden had been promoted to Captain and assigned to the Los Angeles, California engineer district.[6]

In 1940 Ogden was named district engineer in Trinidad.[7][8]

World War II[edit]

Ogden was appointed to command the 3rd Engineer Special Brigade in 1942, and he remained in command until July, 1945. ESBs were organized to conduct amphibious operations during combat, moving soldiers from transport ships to landing sites on a beach, or from beaches to transport ships. The 3rd ESB operated in the Southwest Pacific Theater throughout the war.[9][10][11]

Post World War II[edit]

Following World War II General Ogden commanded Fort Ord, California.[12]

In 1947 Ogden was selected for command of the Eniwetok atomic test site.[13][14][15]

Ogden returned to the United States in 1950 as chief of the organization and training section in the Army's Training and Operations Directorate, G-3.[16][17]

General Ogden was named Chief Engineer of the Far East Command in 1952.[18]

In 1953 General Ogden was named to head the Ryukyus Command and appointed as the islands' Deputy Governor.[19][20][21][22][23][24][25]

Ogden was appointed the Army's Deputy Inspector General in 1955. In 1956 he became Inspector General and was promoted to Lieutenant General, serving until his 1957 retirement.[26][27][28][29][30]

Awards and decorations[edit]

General Ogden's decorations included multiple awards of the Distinguished Service Medal, as well as the Legion of Merit and the Bronze Star Medal.[31][32]

Retirement and death[edit]

In retirement Ogden lived in Wenatchee, Washington. He later moved to Bradenton, Florida, where he died on November 26, 1969.[33][34][35] He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery, Section 3 Site 2506-R.[36]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cullum, George Washington; USMA Association of Graduates (1920), Robinson, Wirt, ed., Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the United States Military Academy at West Point, VI–B (3 ed.), Saginaw, Michigan: Seemann & Peters, Printers, p. 2012 
  2. ^ "Officers Assigned at Camp Devens", Boston Daily Globe (Newspaper article), p. 3, June 19, 1923 
  3. ^ "U.S. Engineers Join in Survey of Harbor Site", Chicago Daily Tribune (Newspaper article), p. 11, June 20, 1931 
  4. ^ "Agree to Shift Road to Permit Canal Widening", Chicago Daily Tribune (Newspaper article), p. 17, October 6, 1931 
  5. ^ "Aldermen Hear Engineers on Fixed Bridges", Chicago Daily Tribune (Newspaper article), p. 16, August 11, 1933 
  6. ^ "More W.P.A. Funds Given", Los Angeles Times (Newspaper article), p. A1, October 4, 1935 
  7. ^ Coates, John Boyd Jr., ed. (1963), "4.3", Preventive Medicine in World War II (Book), 6 (Communicable Diseases: Malaria), Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army Medical Service, p. 224 
  8. ^ "Atlantic Naval Base Jobs Begun", Los Angeles Times (Newspaper article), p. 6, December 15, 1940 
  9. ^ Morison, Samuel Eliot (2002), History of United States Naval Operations in World War II, 8: New Guinea and the Marinas, March 1944-August 1944, University of Illinois Press - (Little, Brown), p. 52, ISBN 978-0-252-07038-9 
  10. ^ Dod, Karl C. (1987), Technical Services, The Corps of Engineers: The War Against Japan, Washington, D.C.: U. S. Army Center of Military History - U.S. Government Printing Office, p. 521, ISBN 978-0-16-001879-4 
  11. ^ Croizat, Victor J. (2001), Across the Reef: The Amphibious Tracked Vehicle at War, DIANE Publishing, p. 83, ISBN 0-7881-2665-2 
  12. ^ The Military Engineer, 39, Washington, D.C.: Society of American Military Engineers, 1947, p. 91 
  13. ^ "Eniwetok Atom Testing Grounds Chiefs Named", Los Angeles Times (Newspaper article), p. 4, December 23, 1947 
  14. ^ "Ogden to Command on Eniwetok Island", The New York Times (Newspaper article), p. 10, January 16, 1948 
  15. ^ "Test of New Atomic Weapons Thought Under Way in Pacific", The Christian Science Monitor (Newspaper article), Boston, p. 15, April 7, 1948 
  16. ^ West, James D., Indiana Military, Timeline, 1950 (Web site), James D. West & www.IndianaMilitary.org, retrieved 2010-07-23 
  17. ^ Hearing Record, Universal Military Training and Service Act of 1951, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1951, pp. 123–124 
  18. ^ Engineering News-Record, 148, McGraw-Hill, 1952, p. 48 
  19. ^ "CIVIL ADMINISTRATION PROCLAMATION NO. 27 GEOGRAPHICAL BOUNDARIES OF THE RYUKYU ISLANDS". the ryukyu-okinawa history and culture website. 1953-12-25. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  20. ^ Hines, Neal O. (1963), Proving Ground: An Account of the Radiobiological Studies in the Pacific, 1946-1961 
  21. ^ Semiannual Report of the Atomic Energy Commission (1-10), United States Atomic Energy Commission, 1947 
  22. ^ The National Guardsman, 7, 1953 
  23. ^ American Labor Looks at the World (9), 1955 
  24. ^ "Ogden Heads Ryukyus Command", The New York Times (Newspaper article), January 1, 1953 
  25. ^ Emmerson, John K. (1971), Arms, Yen & Power: The Japanese dilemma, p. 164 
  26. ^ Hewes, James E., Jr. (1983), "Principal Officials of the War Department and Department of the Army, 1900-1963: Appendix B, List of Inspectors General", Special Studies: From Root to McNamara, Army Organization and Administration, Washington, D.C.: U. S. Army Center of Military History, p. 398 
  27. ^ "Army Clears Gen. Caffey", The Afro-American (Newspaper article), p. 5, March 3, 1956 
  28. ^ "Generals Nominated For Temporary Rank", The Baltimore Sun (Newspaper article), p. 8, March 9, 1957 
  29. ^ Anderson, Jack (September 9, 1957), "Atlas Story was a Mistake", Daytona Beach Morning Journal (Newspaper column), p. 3 
  30. ^ "New Inspector General Sworn", The New York Times, November 2, 1957 
  31. ^ Official U.S. Army Register, U.S. Army Adjutant General, 1957 
  32. ^ Index of Recipients of Major Military Awards, Military Times Hall of Valor - HomeOfHeroes.com 
  33. ^ Social Security Death Index. - SS#579-52-8551.
  34. ^ Florida Death Index, 1877-1998, Ancestry.com 
  35. ^ "Memorial: David A. D. Ogden '18". Princeton Alumni Weekly. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Press. 70: 20–21. September 23, 1969. 
  36. ^ Nationwide Gravesite Locator, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs 

External links[edit]