David Beasley

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David Beasley
GovernorBeasley.JPG
Executive Director of the World Food Programme
Assumed office
April 4, 2017
Secretary GeneralAntónio Guterres
Preceded byErtharin Cousin
113th Governor of South Carolina
In office
January 11, 1995 – January 13, 1999
LieutenantBob Peeler
Preceded byCarroll Campbell
Succeeded byJim Hodges
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives
from the 56th district
In office
January 9, 1979 – January 10, 1995
Preceded byGary Byrd
Succeeded byDenny Neilson
Personal details
Born
David Muldrow Beasley

(1957-02-26) February 26, 1957 (age 62)
Darlington, South Carolina, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic (Before 1991)
Republican (1991–present)
Spouse(s)Mary Wood Payne
EducationClemson University
University of South Carolina, Columbia (BA, JD)

David Muldrow Beasley (born February 26, 1957) is an American politician who is the Executive Director of the United Nations World Food Programme.[1] Beasley, a member of the Republican Party, served one term as the 113th Governor of South Carolina from 1995 until 1999; he was defeated by Democrat Jim Hodges in the 1998 election.

Beasley, a native of Lamar, South Carolina, began his political career as a member of the Democratic Party, but switched to the Republican Party in September 1991, three years before his election as governor. His first run for public office came in 1978, when, as a 21-year-old junior attending Clemson University, he unexpectedly won a seat in the South Carolina House of Representatives. He later graduated from the University of South Carolina and the University of South Carolina School of Law.

Early political career[edit]

Beasley served as a member of the House from 1979 until 1995, rising through the party ranks to become Majority Whip. He served as the youngest Speaker pro tempore and Majority Leader in the nation, being elected to the position from 1987–1989.[2] It was during the 1991–92 legislative session that Beasley switched to the Republican Party. During the 1994 election for governor, both Beasley and his Democratic opponent Lieutenant Governor Nick Theodore had tough primary fights within their own respective parties. Beasley, however, beat his toughest competitor, former Congressman and State Senator Arthur Ravenel Jr., in both the primary and run-off, and went on to win the general election by a narrow margin of 50%–48%.

Governor[edit]

During his term as governor, Beasley was known for injecting his Christian faith into the public discourse[citation needed].

In 1998, Beasley was defeated in his bid for re-election by Democrat Jim Hodges, 53-45 percent. There are several reasons for Beasley's surprising loss in a state that has since become heavily Republican.

First, owners of video poker machines, which were legal in South Carolina at the time, poured millions of dollars into advertisements attacking Beasley for trying to ban video poker.[3] Second, Beasley changed his position on keeping the Confederate battle flag on top of the Capitol. He ordered it moved to a place nearby on the capitol grounds. Many white voters who supported the existing placement of the flag - which had been raised over the Capitol dome in 1961 as an expression of opposition to racial integration[4] - withheld their votes from Beasley on Election Day. Third, Beasley opposed a proposal for the state to support all-day kindergarten, a decision which cost him Democratic votes.[citation needed]

Later career[edit]

Post-governor[edit]

Following his term as governor, Beasley was invited as a fellow at the Harvard University Kennedy School of Government in Cambridge, Massachusetts. In 2003, Beasley was awarded the John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award by U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy (D-Massachusetts) for his controversial request to the South Carolina legislature to remove the Confederate flag from the South Carolina state house dome.[5]

In 2004, the former governor unsuccessfully ran for the United States Senate. Beasley lost the Republican nomination to Congressman Jim DeMint of Greenville, South Carolina.[6]

In April 2005, Governor Beasley, along with his administration's former Chief Legal Counsel, Henry Deneen, incorporated the Center for Global Strategies, Ltd (CGS). CGS focuses on developmental initiatives in the non-integrated world. Governor Beasley serves as the Chairman of the Board.[7]

In 2007, Beasley endorsed Governor Mike Huckabee (R-Arkansas) in the 2008 Republican presidential primaries.[8]

In 2010, Beasley endorsed Henry McMaster in the South Carolina Republican gubernatorial primaries[citation needed].

World Food Programme[edit]

In February 2017, United States Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley (also a former South Carolina governor) nominated Beasley to be the next Executive Director of the World Food Programme (WFP).[9] United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres and U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization José Graziano da Silva appointed Beasley to the post in March 2017, saying the former governor brought "extensive experience with key governmental and business leaders and stakeholders around the world, with very strong resource mobilisation skills."[10] Guterres also said Beasley had been among 23 applications/nominations for the position.[11]

In his capacity as Executive Director of WFP, Beasley serves at the level of Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations and is a member of the organization's Senior Management Group (SMG) under the leadership of Secretary-General António Guterres.[12] Since 2019, he has been a member of the World Economic Forum High-Level Group on Humanitarian Investing, co-chaired by Børge Brende, Kristalina Georgieva and Peter Maurer.[13]

Other activities[edit]

  • SDG2 Advocacy Hub, Co-Chair of the Steering Committee (since 2017)[14]
  • Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN), Member of the Lead Group (since 2017)[15]
  • Peace Research Endowment (PRE), Member of the Board of Directors (since 2011)[16]

Recognition[edit]

Personal life[edit]

Beasley is married to Mary Wood Beasley. Beasley currently resides in Darlington, South Carolina, located in Darlington County.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www1.wfp.org/executive-director
  2. ^ "South Carolina - David Muldrow Beasley - 1995-1999". www.sciway.net.
  3. ^ "Louisiana Shuts Down Video Poker". July 1, 1999.
  4. ^ "This Is Why South Carolina Raised The Confederate Flag In The First Place". June 22, 2015.
  5. ^ "'John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum".
  6. ^ "DeMint defeats Beasley in S. Carolina runoff". June 23, 2004.
  7. ^ "Center for Global Strategies".
  8. ^ Sheinin, Aaron (May 19, 2007). "Huckabee Picks Up Key Endorsement". The State. Archived from the original on April 22, 2015. Retrieved April 22, 2015.
  9. ^ "Nikki Haley nominates former South Carolina Gov. David Beasley for U.N. food post". The Post and Courier. February 28, 2017.
  10. ^ "David Beasley of United States appointed as head of UN emergency food agency". UN News Centre. March 29, 2017.
  11. ^ Michelle Nichols (March 28, 2017), U.N. picks former U.S. state governor to run World Food Programme Reuters.
  12. ^ Senior Management Group United Nations.
  13. ^ World Economic Forum 2019 Annual Meeting launching a new Humanitarian Investing Initiative World Economic Forum, press release of January 18, 2019.
  14. ^ The SDG 2 Hub: Who we are SDG2 Advocacy Hub.
  15. ^ Movement Lead Group Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN)
  16. ^ Board of Directors Peace Research Endowment (PRE).
  17. ^ Board of Directors Peace Research Endowment (PRE).

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Carroll Campbell
Republican nominee for Governor of South Carolina
1994, 1998
Succeeded by
Mark Sanford
Preceded by
Terry Branstad
Chair of the Republican Governors Association
1997–1998
Succeeded by
Frank Keating
Political offices
Preceded by
Carroll Campbell
Governor of South Carolina
1995–1999
Succeeded by
Jim Hodges
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Ertharin Cousin
Executive Director of the World Food Programme
2017–present
Incumbent