David Bowman (politician)

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David Bowman
StateLibQld 1 51912 The Honourable David Bowman.jpg
Leader of the Opposition in Queensland
Elections: 1907, 1908, 1909, 1912
In office
16 November 1908 – 6 September 1912
Preceded by Robert Philp
Succeeded by T. J. Ryan
Leader of the Labor Party in Queensland
In office
15 April 1907 – 6 September 1912
Preceded by George Kerr
Succeeded by T. J. Ryan
Home Secretary of Queensland
In office
1 June 1915 – 25 February 1916
Preceded by Kenneth Grant
Succeeded by T. J. Ryan
Member of the Queensland Parliament
for Warrego
In office
16 December 1899 – 11 March 1902
Preceded by William Hood
Succeeded by Patrick Leahy
Member of the Queensland Parliament
for Fortitude Valley
In office
27 August 1904 – 25 February 1916
Preceded by John McMaster
Succeeded by Thomas Wilson
Personal details
Born David Bowman
(1860-08-24)24 August 1860
Bendigo, Victoria, Australia
Died 25 February 1916(1916-02-25) (aged 55)
Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Resting place Toowong Cemetery
Nationality Australian
Political party Labor
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Jane Fisher
Occupation Bootmaker, Union official

David Bowman (24 August 1860 – 25 February 1916) was a Labor politician in the Legislative Assembly of Queensland and Queensland Leader of the Opposition from 1908 to 1912.

Early life[edit]

Bowman was born in Bendigo, Victoria on 4 August 1860. He was son of Archibald Bowman, a miner and Isabella Bowman (née Spence) both of whom were born in Scotland. Trained as a bootmaker in Victoria, Bowman moved north to Queensland in 1888. The following year, Bowman became the president of the Brisbane District Council of the Australian Labour Federation (ALF).[1] In 1891, as an employee of the ALF, Bowman was responsible for organizing shearers and bushworkers during the pastoral strike. In 1892, he was elected as vice-president and the following year he became the president of the ALF.[1]

Politics[edit]

Bowman's first attempt at entering politics was at the 1893 colonial election in the seat South Brisbane, losing out to Harry Turley and Charles Midson in the two member electorate. At the 1899 election, Bowman ran again, this time in the rural south western seat of Warrego. Ministerialist William Hood had been returned by a one-vote majority. Bowman, the sole opponent, filed a petition against Hood's return and on 21 November 1899, the election was declared void. Bowman won the resulting by-election on 16 December 1899 with a majority of 44 votes. At the following election in 1902, Bowman lost in his seat to Ministerialist, Patrick Leahy. After the defeat, he returned to Brisbane where he opened a newsagency at New Farm.[1]

Bowman stood again at the 1904 election in the north eastern Brisbane seat of Fortitude Valley where he was victorious. He was returned as the Member for Fortitude Valley in the next six elections, holding the seat until his death.[2]

Though accepting his party's decision to join the Morgan-Browne coalition in September 1903, Bowman believed that Labor should not ally itself with other parties but should aim to govern in its own right. By 1905, he had joined Albert Hinchcliffe and Mat Reid, secretary and president of the Central Political Executive, and Henry Boote, editor of The Worker, in opposing the continuation of the Liberal-Labor coalition, now dominated by William Kidston.

Bowman became vice-president of the Central Political Executive in 1904 and at the 1905 and 1907 Labor in Politics conventions led a parliamentary faction opposed to Kidston, which succeeded in committing the party to fighting future elections alone. George Kerr, Labor leader from 1904 to 1907 supported the continuation of the coalition but was decisively defeated when the convention resolved that Labor should stand alone. Following the 1907 convention, Bowman was elected as the parliamentary Labor leader. He was not an outstanding parliamentarian and was disabled as a leader by poor health. He was, however, liked and respected for his personality and integrity by colleagues and opponents alike.[1]

Bowman lead Labor into the 1907, 1908, 1909, 1912 state elections failing to win a majority every time.

After the 1912 election, Bowman resigned as leader and T. J. Ryan was elected in his place. Ryan led Labor to their first majority government in Queensland at the 1915 election, winning 45 of the 72 seats. On 1 June, Bowman was sworn in as the Home Secretary as part the Ryan Ministry. However, his health was so poor that John Huxham became his assistant minister.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Bowman married Elizabeth Jane Fisher on 20 May 1885 in Ballarat. Together they had two daughters and two sons.[1]

Death[edit]

Bowman died in Brisbane, Queensland on 25 February 1916 and was buried in Toowong Cemetery[3] with Presbyterian rites.[1]

Legacy[edit]

In 1948, the newly proclaimed Queensland federal electoral division of Bowman was named in honour. Bowman Park at Simpsons Road Bardon (at that time known as 'Upper Paddington') was also named in his honour, shortly after his death in 1916.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Murphy, D. J. (1979). "Bowman, David (1860–1916)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. 7. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 31 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "Former Members". Parliament of Queensland. 2011. Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2013. 
  3. ^ Bowman David — Brisbane City Council Grave Location Search
  4. ^ Streets of Brisbane - The Suburb of Bardon. Retrieved 1 April 2013
Political offices
Preceded by
Robert Philp
Leader of the Opposition in Queensland
1908 – 1912
Succeeded by
T. J. Ryan
Preceded by
Kenneth Grant
Home Secretary of Queensland
1915 – 1916
Succeeded by
T. J. Ryan
Party political offices
Preceded by
George Kerr
Leader of the Labor Party in Queensland
1907 – 1912
Succeeded by
T. J. Ryan
Parliament of Queensland
Preceded by
William Hood
Member for Warrego
1899 – 1902
Succeeded by
Patrick Leahy
Preceded by
John McMaster
Member for Fortitude Valley
1904 – 1916
Served alongside: McDonnell, McMaster, McLachlan
Succeeded by
Thomas Wilson