David Bradley (engineer)
David J. Bradley (born 4 January 1949) is one of the twelve engineers who worked on the original IBM PC, developing the computer's ROM BIOS code. Bradley is credited for implementing the "Control-Alt-Delete" (Ctrl-Alt-Del) key combination that was used to reboot the computer. Bradley joined IBM in 1975 after earning his doctorate in electrical engineering from Purdue University with a dissertation on computer architectures.
Bachelors, Electrical Engineering, University of Dayton (Ohio), 1971. Master of Science, Electrical Engineering, Purdue University, 1972. PhD, Electrical Engineering, Purdue University, 1975.
According to Bradley, Control-Alt-Delete was not intended to be used by end users, originally—it was meant to be used by people writing programs or documentation, so that they could reboot their computers without powering them down. This was useful since after a computer was powered down, it was necessary to wait a few seconds before powering it up again to avoid potential damage to the power supply and hard drive. Since software developers and technical writers would need to restart a computer many times, this key combination was a big time-saver. David Bradley and Mel Hallerman chose this key combination because it is practically impossible to accidentally press this combination of keys on a standard original IBM PC keyboard.
However, the key combination was described in IBM's technical reference documentation and thereby revealed to the general public.
At the 20th anniversary of the IBM PC on August 8, 2001 at The Tech Museum, while on a panel with Bill Gates, Bradley said, "I have to share the credit. I may have invented it [Control-Alt-Delete], but I think Bill made it famous."
In March 1980, the multiple-key reboot concept had been introduced for the Apple II by Videx in its VideoTerm display card add-on, requiring Control-Reset, rather than Reset alone, to reboot the machine. The innovation was noted and well received at the time.
Bradley is the author of Assembly Language Programming for the IBM Personal Computer (Simon & Schuster, ISBN 0-13-049171-3, January 1984), also released in French as Assembleur sur IBM PC (Dunod, ISBN 2-225-80695-0), Russian ("Radio" Publishing House, Moscow), and Bulgarian ("Technica" Publishing house, 1989).
Bradley holds seven U.S. patents.
Much of Bradley's career has been at IBM. Bradley received a B.E.E. degree in 1971 from the University of Dayton, (Ohio). He went on to Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana, where he completed an M.S. degree in 1972 and Ph.D. in 1975, both in electrical engineering. Upon graduation he went to work for IBM in Boca Raton, Florida, as senior associate engineer. He worked on the Series/1 system. In 1978 he developed the I/O system for the System/23 Datamaster.
In 1980 Bradley was one of twelve engineers developing the first IBM Personal Computer. Bradley developed the ROM BIOS. That got him promoted to manage the BIOS and diagnostics for the IBM PC/XT. In 1983 Bradley formed the Personal Systems Architecture Department. In 1984 he helped manage development of the Personal System/2 Model 30.
In November 1987 Bradley became manager of advanced processor design. His group developed the 486/25 Power Platform and the PS/2 Models 90 and 95. In 1991 he became manager of systems architecture for the Entry Systems Technology group. In 1992 he became the architecture manager for the group that developed a personal computer using the PowerPC RISC microprocessor.
In 1993 he returned to be the manager of architecture in the PC group.
On January 30, 2004, Bradley retired from IBM.
Bradley wrote about the development of the IBM PC, including Control-Alt-Delete, in the August 2011 issue of the IEEE's Computer magazine.
- Aamidor, Abe (2003). "Thank this guy for 'control-alt-delete'". Indianapolis Star.
- IBM Personal Computer Technical Reference (Revised ed.). IBM Corporation. March 1983.
- Control-Alt-Delete: David Bradley & Bill Gates, video clip from IBM PC 20th Anniversary, Aug 8, 2001 (posted to YouTube on Jan 7, 2011)
- Orlowski, Andrew (2004-01-29). "Ctrl-Alt-Del inventor makes final reboot - David Bradley, we salute you". The Register. Bootnotes. Archived from the original on 2012-10-03. Retrieved 2013-09-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Exidy Sorcerer". Retrieved 27 May 2016.
- Warren, Carl (June 1982). "Computer Bits, New Boards Work - and Play - Hard" (PDF). Popular Electronics. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
- Moyars-Johnson, Mary; Gelfand, Jo (1997). "1997 Outstanding Electrical Engineer Awards: Bradley, Held, Lindsey, Mayer, and Sears Named Outstanding Electrical Engineers". WaveLinks. School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University. Retrieved 2013-09-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)