David C. Jones
David C. Jones
Jones in 1978
|Born||July 9, 1921|
Aberdeen, South Dakota
|Died||August 10, 2013 (aged 92)|
Potomac Falls, Virginia
|Service/||United States Air Force|
|Years of service||1942–1982|
|Commands held||Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff|
Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force
Commanders of USAFE
Fourth Allied Tactical Air Force
Second Air Force
33rd Tactical Fighter Wing
33rd Bombardment Squadron
22nd Air Refueling Squadron
19th Bombardment Squadron
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Defense Distinguished Service Medal (3)|
Air Force Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Army Distinguished Service Medal
Navy Distinguished Service Medal
Legion of Merit
Distinguished Flying Cross
Bronze Star Medal
Born in Aberdeen, South Dakota, and raised in Minot, North Dakota, Jones graduated from Minot High School and attended both the University of North Dakota in Grand Forks and Minot State Teacher's College. While attending college, he received his private pilot license from the Civilian Pilot Training Program. In April 1942, he left college to join the United States Army Air Forces.
In February 1943, Jones graduated from Roswell Army Airfield flight school in New Mexico, received his pilot wings, and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the United States Army Air Forces. After serving as a flying instructor in New Mexico, Arizona and Texas, Jones was assigned to the 3rd Emergency Rescue Squadron of the Fifth Air Force in Japan in 1945. He began as a unit pilot, flying Catalina flying boats, and rose to command the squadron.
From 1948 to 1949 Jones was a unit instructor and then assistant operations and training officer with the 2236th Air Force Reserve Training Center, Godman Field, Kentucky. Also during this period, he attended specialized professional military training courses.
Jones was assigned to the 19th Bombardment Squadron at March AFB, California, in January 1950. During his years with the 19th, he rose to aircraft commander, then operations officer and finally commander of the squadron. He flew more than 300 hours on combat missions over North Korea, when the squadron was one of the first bombardment units committed to the Korean War. In May 1953 he transitioned from bombers to tankers, taking command of the 22nd Air Refueling Squadron at March. Promoted to lieutenant colonel in June 1953, he remained at March but returned to bombers the following year as commander of the 33rd Bombardment Squadron.
Jones next served at Headquarters Strategic Air Command (SAC), Offutt AFB, Nebraska, during SAC's build-up period. He was assigned initially in September 1954 as an operations planner in the bomber mission branch and remained there until January 1955, when General Curtis LeMay selected him as his aide. Promoted to colonel in April 1957, Jones became director of materiel and later deputy commander for maintenance of SAC's 93rd Bombardment Wing at Castle AFB, California.
Jones was a 1960 graduate of the National War College. Following that, Jones was assigned to the Air Staff's operations directorate for four years. As chief of the manned systems branch, he worked on the B-70 bomber project. He then served as deputy chief and chief of the Strategic Division. After F-100 and F-4 training, Jones assumed command of the 33rd Tactical Fighter Wing, Eglin AFB, Florida, at its activation in 1965 and bought it to operational status.
Jones then served in key staff assignments with United States Air Forces in Europe. He received his second star in November 1967. In February 1969 Jones was assigned to Headquarters Seventh Air Force, Tan Son Nhut Airfield, Vietnam, as deputy chief of staff for operations and became vice commander in June. Promoted to lieutenant general, he returned to SAC in August 1969 as commander of the Second Air Force, headquartered at Barksdale AFB, Louisiana.
In April 1971, Jones returned to United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE) as vice commander in chief. He assumed command of USAFE and the Fourth Allied Tactical Air Force in August and was promoted to general in September. In his North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) capacity as commander of the Fourth Allied Tactical Air Force, Jones directed an international planning team that integrated central region air forces into a more cohesive organization. Key to that effort was his creation of a small operational and planning headquarters, Allied Air Force, Central Europe.
Capping a career that had included operational and command positions in bomber, tanker, training and tactical fighter units as well as headquarters staff positions, Jones became Chief of Staff of the Air Force in July 1974. Jones pursued a policy of developing high-technology weapons systems. In addition, he reorganized the Air Force command structure and substantially reduced headquarters staffs. He supported modernization with such systems as the F-15, F-16, the A–10, and the E–3A. Much of the modernization program was focused on the European area, where the United States developed initiatives in response to Department of Defense and congressional interest for an increase in the capability of NATO. On May 31, 1978, Jones was awarded the Order of the Sword, the Air Force enlisted force's highest honor for officer leadership.
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
General David C. Jones was nominated by President Jimmy Carter to become Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on 21 June 1978, replacing General George S. Brown who retired due to ill health. General Jones became the only Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff who was not graduate from either a college or service academy. General Jones became the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff during a period of increasing Soviet military arsenal and the emerging of muslim-militia within the Persian Gulf region that was deemed as a threat within the Western World nations. General David C. Jones also oversaw the increased funding for defense in response to the Soviet threat and due to the continuing Joint Chiefs of Staff advocacy of strategic force modernization. 
Jones accompanied President Jimmy Carter to Vienna, Austria, in June 1979 for the final stage of the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty II negotiations with the USSR. When the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan raised fears that Soviet forces there might move into neighboring Iran, where an anti-Western militant Islamic regime had taken power in early 1979, Carter created a rapid deployment force for Southwest Asia to counter any such attempt in the region. Subsequently, at the direction of the secretary of defense, Jones oversaw planning for the transformation of the Rapid Defense Force into a regional unified command. The planning for what in 1983 became the United States Central Command (USCENTCOM) was essentially completed during his chairmanship.
Jones also oversaw the planning for the rescue of the U.S. embassy personnel taken hostage in November 1979 by followers of the Iranian leader Ayatollah Khomeini, and he survived the criticism for that rescue mission's failure. During his second term as chairman, Jones worked to make the chairman, rather than the corporate JCS, the principal military adviser to the president and the secretary of defense, arguing that such a change of the National Security Act would improve the quality and timeliness of military advice and the combined readiness and effectiveness of the nation's combat forces. Jones continued his efforts toward that goal after his retirement as chairman of the JCS and saw it come to fruition with the passage of the Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act in 1986.
Jones continued to served as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff during the first years of Ronald Reagan's Presidency in 1981. He retired from active-duty within the United States Air Force after his second term period as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff finished in June 18, 1982. In 1989 military history book Four Stars: The Inside Story of The Forty-Year Battle Between The Joint Chiefs of Staff and America's Civilian Leaders, historian Mark Perry wrote that General David C. Jones had earned a reputation as "a good service manager" who "welcomed change" during his tenure as both U.S. Air Force Chief of Staff and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Jones served for four years as Air Force Chief of Staff under three different Presidents, Nixon, Ford and Carter and served for four years as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff under two different Presidents, Carter and Reagan. Making his tenure within The Joint Chiefs of Staff longer than any of his predecessor on the Joint Chiefs of Staff history.
Jones was awarded an honorary doctorate of humane letters degree from the University of Nebraska at Omaha in 1974, an honorary doctorate of laws degree from Louisiana Tech University in 1975, and an honorary doctorate of humane letters degree from Minot State College in 1979. Jones was the final Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to be decorated for service in World War II, Korea, and Vietnam.
Personal life and death
In 1942, he married Lois Tarbell (1921–2009). They had three children, two daughters Susan and Kathy; and a son, David Curtis.
Jones died August 10, 2013 at a military retirement community in Potomac Falls, Virginia at age 92. He had Parkinson's disease. Jones was buried in Arlington National Cemetery on October 25, 2013.
Awards and decorations
|US Air Force Command Pilot Badge|
|Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge|
- "Gen. David C. Jones". Meaningful Funerals. (obituary). August 2013. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
- Goldstein, Richard (August 14, 2013). "Gen. David C. Jones, Former Chairman of Joint Chiefs, Dies at 92". The New York Times. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
- Joint History Office (2000), The Chairmanship of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 1949–1999 ISBN 0-16-050638-7
- Jones, David Charles (June 27, 2020). "9th Chairman of The Joint Chiefs of Staff General David Charles Jones". www.jcs.mil.
- Perry, Mark (March 1, 1989). Four Stars: The Inside Story of The Forty-Year Battle Between The Joint Chiefs of Staff and America's Civilian Leaders. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 978-0395429235.
- "Gen. David C. Jones, Ex-Joint Chiefs Chair, Dies". AP. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- Goldstein, Richard (August 14, 2013). "Gen. David C. Jones, Former Chairman of Joint Chiefs, Dies at 92". The New York Times. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- Jeff Sharlet, The Family (Harper, 2008), p. 281
- "Ninth CSAF laid to rest". United States Air Force. October 28, 2013. Retrieved May 17, 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to David C. Jones.|
- U.S. Air Force biography
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- DVIDS – photos of Jones' funeral at Arlington, October 2013
- David C. Jones at Find a Grave
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