David Copperfield (character)
|David Copperfield character|
David introduces himself to his aunt (Drawing by Hablot Knight Browne)
|Created by||Charles Dickens|
David Copperfield, Jr. is the protagonist after which the 1850 Charles Dickens novel, David Copperfield, was named. The character is widely thought to be based on Dickens himself, incorporating many elements of his own life.
Scholars believe that David Copperfield's childhood, career, friendships, and love life were influenced by Dickens's experiences, especially his time working in a factory as a child. David's involvement with the law profession and later his career as a writer mirror the experiences of Dickens. Many of David's acquaintances are based on people Dickens actually knew. David's first wife, Dora Spenlow, is believed to be based upon Maria Beadnell, whom Dickens loved in his early youth. David's friend since boyhood and his second wife Agnes Wickfield, the real heroine of the novel, is based on Dickens' sisters-in-law Mary and Georgina Hogarth; both of whom were very close to Dickens. Dickens keenly felt his deprived education during his time at the blacking factory, and according to the authoritative biography by his lifelong friend and literary advisor John Forster, it was from these times that he drew David's working period.
However, there are many differences in the lives of the two. Unlike Dickens, David grew up in the country as an only child; Dickens was a city boy with several brothers and sisters. Also there were never any wicked stepfather or any great aunt.
Throughout the novel, David is rarely called by his birth name (except by Mr. Murdstone). Instead, he is called alternately Davy, Trot, Trotwood, Copperfield, Daisy, and Doady. David Copperfield's birth name comes from Dickens inverted initials.
Novel in the first person, in the form of autobiography
David Copperfield is the pivotal character of the novel David Copperfield by Charles Dickens. He is first introduced in the novel when he is born on a Friday in March in the early 19th century. The pet of his mother Clara Copperfield and faithful housekeeper Peggotty, David lives an idyllic life for the first few years of his life, even though he is fatherless–his father, David Copperfield Sr., died 6 months before his son's birth. David's happy childhood is marred by the arrival of his tyrannical stepfather, Edward Murdstone, and David suffers both physical and mental abuse from his new guardian.
David is soon sent off to Salem House school for biting Murdstone, where he befriends an older boy James Steerforth, and Tommy Traddles. David returns home upon the death of his mother and baby half-brother. Because of his hate for the boy, Murdstone and his sister decide to send David to work in the family bottling factory.
Life at the factory is miserable, where David is befriended by the penniless Wilkins Micawber, a humorous character based on Dickens' father John Dickens. He soon runs away to his great-aunt Betsey Trotwood in Dover. Aunt Betsey adopts him and sends him to Dr Strong's private school in Canterbury. There, David resides in the house of Mr. Wickfield; his daughter Agnes becomes David's friend and confidante. David also makes acquaintance of cunning and treacherous Uriah Heep, a clerk of Mr Wickfield.
The rest of the novel deals with David's struggles through life and his involvement in other plotlines, including his friendship and consequent disillusionment with unworthy and self-serving Steerforth, his assistance to the destroyed Peggotty family; his concern and for the Wickfield, Micawber, and Strong families as they are being cheated and abused by Uriah Heep, and the beginning and development of his writing career. David falls in a passionate but highly impractical love with innocent, inexperienced and foolish Dora Spenlow. After a humorously sentimental courtship, David marries Dora, whom he loves. David realizes he has different expectations from his wife of their roles in the marriage; he treats his wife with love, but is frustrated about how their household is run. After suffering a miscarriage, she falls ill and dies, leaving David single and heartbroken. He travels throughout Europe, and stays in Switzerland for a long time. During that time he publishes a story about his own life with the help of old school-friend Traddles, and realizes that he loves Agnes, praying she loves him too. Upon his return to England, after a vain struggle to keep his feelings for her secret, he realizes that she too loves him. He proposes to her, and the two quickly marry. They later move into a house in London, along with their young children, which include at least three girls (Little Agnes, Dora, and Betsey Trotwood Copperfield) and at least two boys. They live in a wealthy lifestyle on David's successful writing career. David and Agnes prove to be a perfect match, and in this marriage David ultimately finds true happiness.
Film and television portrayals
|Year||Title||Young David Copperfield||David Copperfield|
|1911||David Copperfield||Flora Foster||Ed Genung|
|1935||David Copperfield||Freddie Bartholomew||Frank Lawton|
|1966||David Copperfield||Christopher Guard||Ian McKellen|
|1969||David Copperfield||Alastair Mackenzie||Robin Phillips|
|1974||David Copperfield||David Yelland||Jonathan Kahn|
|1986||David Copperfield||Nolan Hemmings/David Dexter||Colin Hurley|
|1993||David Copperfield||Julian Lennon (voice)|
|1999||David Copperfield||Daniel Radcliffe||Ciarán McMenamin|
|2000||David Copperfield||Max Dolbey||Hugh Dancy|
|2019||The Personal History of David Copperfield||Dev Patel|