David Cousin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

David Cousin
Born(1809-05-19)19 May 1809
Died14 August 1878(1878-08-14) (aged 69)
NationalityScottish
Occupationarchitect, town planner, landscape architect
StyleNeoclassical
Home townEdinburgh
Spouse(s)Isabella Galloway (m. 1838)
Children3 daughters
David Cousin
OccupationArchitect
DesignEast Princes Street Gardens
Jeffrey Street, Edinburgh (1868)
Chambers Street, Edinburgh (1868)
India Buildings, Edinburgh (1862)
David Cousin's memorial, Dean Cemetery

David Cousin (19 May 1809 – 14 August 1878) was a Scottish architect, landscape architect and planner, closely associated with early cemetery design and many prominent buildings in Edinburgh. From 1841 to 1872 he operated as Edinburgh’s City Superintendent of Works (also known as the City Architect).[1]

Life[edit]

Cousin was born in North Leith on 19 May 1809, the son of Isabella Paterson (1773-1851) and John Cousin (1781-1862), and was christened in North Leith Church.[2]

Initially he trained under his father as a joiner, but went on to study mathematics with Edward Sang. He trained as an architect under William Henry Playfair, Scotland’s most eminent architect of the time, leaving Playfair's practice in 1831 to set up on his own. During this time he competed, but was unsuccessful, in the competition to design the Scott Monument. He established a partnership with Glaswegian engineer William Gale, and together they won two competitions for the design of the West Church in Greenock and the Parish Church at Cambuslang.

In 1841 he was appointed assistant to Thomas Brown, Superintendent of City Works in Edinburgh, replacing him in this role when Brown retired.[3]

During the Disruption of 1843, he left the Church of Scotland and joined the Free Church, after which he received many commissions for the new churches and graveyards that were necessary as a result of the split.[1] He himself was an elder of Pilrig Free Church, which was to his own design and only the second purpose-built church for the Free Church.[4]

He lived and worked at 7 Greenhill Gardens in Edinburgh.

He employed John Chesser at his City Architect's office at 12 Royal Exchange. He also trained John Henderson,[5] Robert Morham and Morham's brother-in-law, John McLachan.[6]

On 23 April 1838 Cousin married Isabella Galloway (1804-1876), the daughter of a tailor. Together they had three daughters however none of them survived to adulthood.

He retired to Louisiana in the United States and died there in Baton Rouge in 1878, aged 69. Although buried in the United States he has a memorial in Dean Cemetery in Edinburgh where the remainder of his family lie, including his wife, Isabella. The memorial stands on the west side of a north-south path, just north of the large Highlanders monument. His brother, George Cousin (1807-1890) a surveyor, lies nearby.

Cemetery designs and works[edit]

Town planning[edit]

  • East Princes Street Gardens: terraces and steps (1847)
  • Layout of the villas in the Grange estate (1851)
  • Layout of the villas in the Mayfield estate (1862)
  • St Mary Street Improvement Plan (1868)
  • Blackfriars Street Improvement Plan (1868)
  • Jeffrey Street (1868)
  • Chambers Street (1868)
  • West Savile Road (1877)

Churches for the Free Church[edit]

Many of these were done to a standard plan as "temporary" solutions which were later replaced.

Other works[edit]

Corn Exchange in Dalkeith
Reid School of Music in Edinburgh

Unbuilt competition entries[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "David Cousin". Dictionary of Scottish Architects. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
  2. ^ Notes taken from grave in Dean Cemetery
  3. ^ Goold, David. "Thomas Brown I". Dictionary of Scottish Architects. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  4. ^ The Kirk at Pilrig: Stuart W. Sime
  5. ^ Goold, David. "John Henderson". Dictionary of Scottish Architects. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  6. ^ Goold, David. "John McLachlan". Dictionary of Scottish Architects. Retrieved 2017-12-28.

Notes[edit]

  • Buildings of Scotland: Edinburgh by McWilliam Gifford and Walker
  • Buildings of Scotland: Lothian by Colin McWilliam