David D. Clark

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

David Dana Clark
Born (1944-04-07) April 7, 1944 (age 80)
Known forClark-Wilson model, Multics
AwardsSIGCOMM Award
Telluride Tech Festival Award of Technology
IEEE Richard W. Hamming Medal (1998)
Scientific career
FieldsComputer Science
InstitutionsInternet Architecture Board
National Research Council
Humboldt University of Berlin
ThesisAn input/output architecture for virtual memory computer systems (1973)
Doctoral advisorJerome H. Saltzer
Doctoral students

David Dana "Dave" Clark (born April 7, 1944) is an American computer scientist and Internet pioneer who has been involved with Internet developments since the mid-1970s. He currently works as a senior research scientist at MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL).[1]


He graduated from Swarthmore College in 1966. In 1968, he received his master's and engineer's degrees in electrical engineering from MIT, where he worked on the I/O architecture of Multics under Jerry Saltzer. He received his Ph.D. in electrical engineering from MIT in 1973.


From 1981 to 1989, he acted as chief protocol architect in the development of the Internet, and chaired the Internet Activities Board, which later became the Internet Architecture Board. He has also served as chairman of the Computer Sciences and Telecommunications Board of the National Research Council.

In 1990 he was awarded the SIGCOMM Award in recognition of his major contributions to Internet protocol and architecture. Clark received in 1998 the IEEE Richard W. Hamming Medal.[2]

In 1996, Clark was elected a member of the National Academy of Engineering for the design and development of efficient implementation techniques for Internet protocols. In 1998, he was elevated to Fellow of the IEEE for leadership in the engineering and deployment of the protocols that embody the Internet.[3] In 2001, he was inducted as a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery.

Also in 2001, he was awarded the Telluride Tech Festival Award of Technology in Telluride, Colorado, and in 2011 the Internet & Society Lifetime Achievement Award from the Oxford Internet Institute at the Oxford University. In 2013, he was inducted into the Internet Hall of Fame.[4]

His recent research interests include what the architecture of the Internet will look like in the post-PC era as well as "extensions to the Internet to support real-time traffic, explicit allocation of service, pricing and related economic issues, and policy issues surrounding local loop employment".[1]


Clark has been credited with a popular statement in the computer science realm:[5]

We reject: kings, presidents, and voting. We believe in: rough consensus and running code.

— David D. Clark (1992)

In 1999, law professor Lawrence Lessig stated that "rough consensus and running code" had broad significance as "a manifesto that will define our generation.'[5] Clark's new ethos of consensus has become a widely used methodology software development today and replaced a more top down approach that existed in the 80s.

Selected publications[edit]

  • David D. Clark, "An Input/Output Architecture for Virtual Memory Computer Systems", Ph.D. dissertation, Project MAC Technical Report 117, January 1974
  • L. W. McKnight, W. Lehr, David D. Clark (eds.), Internet Telephony, MIT Press, 2001, ISBN 0-262-13385-7
  • David D. Clark, "The Design Philosophy of the DARPA Internet Protocols", Computer Communications Review 18:4, August 1988, pp. 106–114
  • R. Braden, David D. Clark, S. Shenker, and J. Wroclawski, "Developing a Next-Generation Internet Architecture", ISI white paper, 2000
  • David D. Clark, K. Sollins, J. Wroclawski, R. Braden, "Tussle in Cyberspace: Defining Tomorrow’s Internet", Proceedings of SIGCOMM 2002, ACM Press, 2002
  • David D. Clark, K. Sollins, J. Wroclawski, and T. Faber, "Addressing Reality: An Architectural Response to Real-World Demands on the Evolving Internet", ACM SIGCOMM 2003 Workshops, Karlsruhe, August 2003


  1. ^ a b "David Clark". Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
  2. ^ "IEEE Richard W. Hamming Medal Recipients" (PDF). IEEE. Retrieved May 29, 2011.
  3. ^ "IEEE Fellows 1998 | IEEE Communications Society".
  4. ^ "David Clark". Internet Hall of Fame. Internet Society. Retrieved June 30, 2023.
  5. ^ a b "'Rough Consensus and Running Code' and the Internet-OSI Standards War" (PDF). Duke University. Retrieved November 17, 2019.

External links[edit]