David D. Friedman
|David D. Friedman|
|Born||David Director Friedman
February 12, 1945
|Institution||Santa Clara University|
|Chicago School of Economics|
|Alma mater||Harvard University (BA)
University of Chicago (PhD)
|Influences||Ronald Coase, Friedrich Hayek, Robert A. Heinlein, Milton Friedman, Rose Friedman, Adam Smith, Richard Timberlake, Alfred Marshall|
|Influenced||Bryan Caplan, Patri Friedman, Peter Leeson, Edward Stringham|
|Contributions||The Machinery of Freedom|
|Information at IDEAS / RePEc|
David Director Friedman (born February 12, 1945) is an American economist, physicist, legal scholar, and libertarian theorist. He is known for his textbook writings on microeconomics and the libertarian theory of anarcho-capitalism, which is the subject of his most popular book, The Machinery of Freedom. Besides The Machinery of Freedom, he has authored several other books and articles, including Price Theory: An Intermediate Text (1986), Law's Order: What Economics Has to Do with Law and Why It Matters (2000), Hidden Order: The Economics of Everyday Life (1996), and Future Imperfect (2008).
Life and work
David Friedman is the son of economists Rose and Milton Friedman. He graduated magna cum laude from Harvard University in 1965, with a bachelor's degree in chemistry and physics. He later earned a master's (1967) and a Ph.D. (1971) in theoretical physics from the University of Chicago. Despite his later career, he never took a class for credit in either economics or law. He is currently a professor of law at Santa Clara University, and a contributing editor for Liberty magazine. He is an atheist. His son, Patri Friedman, has also written about libertarian theory and market anarchism, particularly seasteading.
The Machinery of Freedom
In his book The Machinery of Freedom (1973), Friedman sketched a form of anarcho-capitalism where all goods and services including law itself can be produced by the free market. This differs from the version proposed by Murray Rothbard, where a legal code would first be consented to by the parties involved in setting up the anarcho-capitalist society. Friedman advocates an incrementalist approach to achieve anarcho-capitalism by gradual privatization of areas that government is involved in, ultimately privatizing law and order itself. In the book, he states his opposition to violent anarcho-capitalist revolution.
He advocates a consequentialist version of anarcho-capitalism, arguing for anarchism on a cost-benefit analysis of state versus no state. It is contrasted with the natural-rights approach as propounded most notably by economist and libertarian theorist Murray Rothbard.
Friedman is a longtime member of the Society for Creative Anachronism, where he is known as Duke Cariadoc of the Bow. He is known throughout the worldwide society for his articles on the philosophy of recreationism and practical historical recreations, especially those relating to the medieval Middle East. His work is compiled in the popular Cariadoc's Miscellany. He is sometimes credited with founding the largest and longest-running SCA event, the Pennsic War; as king of the Middle Kingdom he challenged the East Kingdom, and later as king of the East accepted the challenge...and lost.
- 1988. Cariadoc's Miscellany.
- 1989 (1973). The Machinery of Freedom.
- 1990 (1986). Price Theory: An Intermediate Text. Southwestern Publishing.
- 1996. Hidden Order: The Economics of Everyday Life.
- 2000. Law’s Order: What Economics Has to Do with Law and Why It Matters. Princeton Univ. Press.
- 2005. "The Case for Privacy" in Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
- 2008. Future Imperfect: Technology and Freedom in an Uncertain World.
- Friedman, David D. (2008). "Crime". In David R. Henderson (ed.). Concise Encyclopedia of Economics (2nd ed.). Indianapolis: Library of Economics and Liberty. ISBN 978-0865976658. OCLC 237794267. – an economist's look at crime
- Harald, 2006
- Salamander, 2011
- "The Machinery of Freedom" (PDF). p. 124. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
Much is made in libertarian circles of the division between 'Austrian' and 'Chicago' schools of economic theory, largely by people who understand neither. I am classified as 'Chicago'.
- Caplan, Bryan (2008). "Friedman, David (1945– )". In Hamowy, Ronald. The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE; Cato Institute. pp. 194–95. doi:10.4135/9781412965811.n117. ISBN 978-1412965804. LCCN 2008009151. OCLC 750831024.
- Free Market Mojo. "An Interview with David D. Friedman".
- Faculty Profile: David Friedman. Santa Clara Law School
- David Friedman C.V.
- Athiparambath, Shanu (14 February 2016). "Economist David Friedman Says India Must Go Taller To Make Homes Affordable". Market Urbanism. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
- SCU Faculty Directory
- Friedman, David D. "Atheism and Religion", Ideas.
- Friedman, David D. "Revolution Is the Hell of It". The Machinery of Freedom. pp. 149–150. ISBN 0-8126-9069-9.
- Morris, Christopher. 1992. An Essay on the Modern State. Cambridge University Press. p. 62.
- Friedman, David D. "On Restructuring the SCA"
- Cariadoc's Miscellany
- F.L. Watkins (Fólki Þorgilsson). 2005. HERSTAĐR-SAGA: An Incomplete History of Pennsic Urbana, Illinois: Folump Enterprises
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- Appearances on C-SPAN
- David D. Friedman speech at Authors@Google
- David D. Friedman at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- An interview with David Friedman on The Marketplace of Ideas
- An Interview with David D. Friedman on Free Market Mojo
- Booknotes interview with Friedman on Hidden Order: The Economics of Everyday Life, October 20, 1996.
- David D. Friedman at Goodreads