David Fine (activist)
David Sylvan Fine
|Other names||William Lewes|
|Alma mater||University of Delaware (B.A.), |
University of Oregon (J.D.)
|Criminal status||Paroled after three years|
|Conviction(s)||Conspiracy, Unlawful flight to avoid prosecution, Third-degree murder (June 1976)|
|Criminal penalty||Conspiracy, Unlawful flight: seven years. Murder: seven years. All served concurrently.|
David Sylvan Fine (born March 18, 1952) is an American anti-Vietnam War radical who was one of four perpetrators of the August 24, 1970, Sterling Hall bombing on the campus University of Wisconsin–Madison, in an act of political protest to the University's research efforts on behalf of the U.S. military. The bomb destroyed the building, killing one person and injuring three others. Fine spent five and a half years as a fugitive after the incident.
Early life and education
Fine was born in Wilmington, Delaware, the second of two children in middle-class family. He attended the Wilmington Friends School, a private Quaker-run school. He enrolled at the University of Wisconsin-Madison beginning in the fall of 1969 on a full academic scholarship. At the university, he was reporter and editor for the student newspaper, The Daily Cardinal, and earned a 3.75 grade point index in his freshman year—the only year he was in attendance.
Sterling Hall bombing
In response to the Kent State shootings on May 4, 1970, in which four protesters were shot and killed by the Ohio National Guard, Fine, along with brothers Karleton and Dwight Armstrong and Leo Burt conceived of an attack on the Army Mathematics Research Center at the University of Wisconsin, which had been a frequent site of antiwar protests. At age 18, Fine was the youngest of the four. Karleton made a bomb out of dynamite, 100 US gallons (380 l; 83 imp gal) of fuel oil and 1,700 pounds (770 kg) of ammonium nitrate fertilizer.
The bomb was placed in a stolen van left next to Sterling Hall, a building that housed the Army Mathematics Research Center, as well as the university's physics department. The bombers claim to have lit the fuse after checking the windows of Sterling Hall and seeing no activity, assuming that the building was empty. The bomb detonated at 3:42 AM on August 24, 1970, killing Robert Fassnacht, a physics post-doctoral researcher who was working late, injuring three others, and causing millions of dollars in damage to the building.
When they heard a news report on their car radio that someone had been killed by the explosion, all four went on the run and were placed on the FBI's Most Wanted List.
Life as fugitive, capture, trial and imprisonment
Fine was eventually captured in San Rafael, California on January 7, 1976. On June 8, 1976, he pleaded guilty to two felonies in federal district court: conspiracy and unlawful flight to avoid prosecution. On the same day, he also pleaded guilty in Dane County Wisconsin Circuit Court to charges of destruction of property and to murder in the third degree for causing the death of Robert Fassnacht.
He was sentenced to a total of seven years in prison on the federal charges and received a sentence in the state court of seven years; the two sentences were to run concurrently. Fine was paroled on August 15, 1979, and remained on parole for approximately three additional years.
After his release, he earned a college degree at the University of Delaware and a J.D. degree at the University of Oregon. In 1984, after passing the Oregon Bar exam, Fine was denied admission to the Bar on the grounds that "he had failed to show good moral character." Fine appealed the decision to the Supreme Court of Oregon which upheld the decision. In the court's decision it was written:
He has not shown himself to be a credible person and did not establish that he now has the good moral character required to practice law. We base our decision on applicant's present statements about his past acts. We recognize that persons can and do reform. However, in this case applicant's deceitful, self-serving conduct persisted at the time of the hearing (appealing his denial of admission).
- Lexis-Nexis, In the Matter of the Application for Admission to the Oregon State Bar of DAVID SYLVAN FINE, Petitioner 1987-04-29. Accessed 2010-08-24
- "Sketches of Four Suspects in Wisconsin Bombing | David Sylvan Fine". The New York Times. 4 September 1970. p. 12 col. 4. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
- In the matter of the Application for Admission to the Oregon State Bar of David Sylvan FINE, Petitioner., 736 P.2d 183, 319 (Or. 29 April 1987).
- Wisconsin State Journal, Sterling Hall bombing: Seven men linked by a moment in history 2010-08-17. Retrieved 2010-08-24.
- Oregon Supreme Court opinion above
- Keyser, Christine (23 July 1985). "Anti-war bomber wants to be lawyer". UPI. Retrieved 2020-11-14.
[Fine] was not accused of actually planting the bomb in the U.S. Army Math Science Research Center on the Madison campus. But the 18-year-old college radical and member of the Students for a Democratic Society did place an anonymous call to police warning them to evacuate the building.
- "In the matter of the Application for Admission to the Oregon State Bar of David Sylvan FINE, Petitioner". Justia Law. Retrieved 2020-11-14.
Contrary to the conclusions of those who only recently have become acquainted with applicant, we find from our de novo review of the entire record of this case that applicant has changed only when he has been made to change or when it has been to his advantage to do so. His important decisions relating to his acts and attitudes are not based upon what is right or wrong, but only on what is expedient or good for him. He not only engaged in a heinous crime in the past but continues to misstate the facts of the crime and his involvement in it in order to gain admission to the bar.