David Gergen

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David Gergen
David Gergen World Economic Forum 2013.jpg
Counselor to the President
In office
May 29, 1993 – June 28, 1994
PresidentBill Clinton
Preceded byClayton Yeutter
Succeeded byBill Curry
White House Director of Communications
In office
June 17, 1981 – January 15, 1984
PresidentRonald Reagan
Preceded byFrank Ursomarso
Succeeded byMichael McManus
In office
July 1976 – January 1977
PresidentGerald Ford
Preceded byMargita White
Succeeded byGerald Rafshoon (1978)
White House Staff Secretary
In office
January 20, 1981 – June 17, 1981
PresidentRonald Reagan
Preceded byRichard Hutcheson
Succeeded byRichard Darman
White House Director of Speechwriting
In office
1973–1974
PresidentRichard Nixon
Preceded byRay Price
Succeeded byRobert Hartmann
Personal details
BornDavid Richmond Gergen
(1942-05-09) May 9, 1942 (age 76)
Durham, North Carolina, U.S.
Political partyIndependent[1]
Other political
affiliations
Republican (before 2017)
Spouse(s)Anne Gergen
Children2
EducationYale University (BA)
Harvard University (LLB)
WebsiteOfficial website

David Richmond Gergen (born May 9, 1942) is an American political commentator and former presidential adviser who served during the administrations of Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Ronald Reagan, and Bill Clinton.[2] He is currently a senior political analyst for CNN[3] and a professor of public service and co-director of the Center for Public Leadership at the Harvard Kennedy School. Gergen is also the former editor at large of U.S. News and World Report[4] and a contributor to CNN.com and Parade Magazine. He has twice been a member of election coverage teams that won Peabody awards—in 1988 with MacNeil–Lehrer, and in 2008 with CNN.

Gergen joined the Nixon White House in 1971, as a staff assistant on the speech-writing team, becoming director of speechwriting two years later.[5] He served as director of communications for both Ford and Reagan, and as a senior adviser to Clinton and Secretary of State Warren Christopher.[6] He graduated with honors from Yale and Harvard Law School, and has been awarded 25 honorary degrees.

Early life[edit]

David Gergen was born in Durham, North Carolina, to Aubigne Munger (née Lermond) and John Jay Gergen, the chair of the mathematics department at Duke University from 1937 to 1966.[7][8] He is the youngest of four children, and one of his brothers, Kenneth J. Gergen, is a psychologist and professor at Swarthmore College. One of his other brothers was Stephen L Gergen.[9]

Education[edit]

Gergen was educated at Durham High School, a former public high school in his hometown of Durham, North Carolina, where he edited the school newspaper, Hi-Rocket.[10] After high school graduation, he went to Yale University, from which he earned his B.A. degree in American studies in 1963, and was a member of the Manuscript Society. At Yale, he was managing editor[11] of the Yale Daily News, whose staff at the time included later senator Joe Lieberman, Stephen Bingham, Robert G. Kaiser, and Paul Steiger.[12] Gergen received his LL.B. degree from Harvard Law School in 1967 and married Anne Elizabeth Gergen, a native of London, England, the same year.[13]

Life and career[edit]

Gergen at the 2008 World Economic Forum

For three summers, Gergen was an intern in the office of North Carolina Governor Terry Sanford, where he became deeply involved in civil rights efforts. Gergen has called this work his “most satisfying experience in public service.”[14] He served in the U.S. Navy for three-and-a-half years and was stationed on a ship home-ported in Japan. Gergen writes in his book of his time as a damage control officer on a repair ship, USS Ajax: “Learning to control damage, it turned out, was the best possible preparation for my coming years in the White House”.[6]

Political activity[edit]

Gergen began his political career in 1971 when he went to work for Richard Nixon as a staff assistant in the speech-writing office headed by Ray Price—a group that included Pat Buchanan, Ben Stein, and William Safire. Two years later, he rose to director of speechwriting.[2]

In 1974 Gergen took a brief hiatus from the White House to write speeches for Treasury Secretary William E. Simon. Gergen writes in his book, "For me it was a great trade—the Treasury team taught me all about free markets and fiscal discipline." Gergen returned to the White House in 1975 as director of communications for President Gerald Ford.[15] In 1980, Gergen was an adviser to the George H.W. Bush presidential campaign and went on to join the Reagan White House in 1981. Beginning as a staff director, he eventually became director of communications. In 1993 Gergen returned to the White House, serving as counselor to President Bill Clinton and Secretary of State Warren Christopher.[6][16][17]

Journalism[edit]

Currently, Gergen is a senior political analyst for CNN and often appears on Anderson Cooper 360 and Erin Burnett OutFront.

Following his years in public service, Gergen worked as a political journalist, commentator, and editor. After leaving the White House in 1977, he worked as a freelance writer and, in 1978, as the first managing editor of Public Opinion, a magazine published by the American Enterprise Institute. From 1985 to 1986, he worked as an editor at U.S. News & World Report, where he became editor at large following his service in the Clinton administration. There, he worked with publisher Mort Zuckerman to achieve record gains in circulation and advertising.[2]

Gergen's career in television began in 1985, when he joined the MacNeil/Lehrer NewsHour for Friday night discussions of politics, where he remained a regular commentator for five years.[2]

Currently, in addition to CNN, he has been a frequent guest on NPR and CBSFace the Nation. He has written for Parade Magazine and has been published in an array of other publications including The New York Times and Newsweek.[4]

Twice he has been a member of election coverage teams that won Peabody awards in 1988 with MacNeil/Lehrer Newshour, and in 2008 with CNN.

Academia[edit]

Gergen taught at Duke University from 1995 to 1999 and then joined the Harvard University faculty in 1999. He is currently a professor of public service at the Harvard Kennedy School, where he teaches courses on leadership, public service, and U.S. politics.[18] During election years, he co-teaches a course called Contemporary Issues in American Elections with Elaine Kamarck.[19] In January 2014 he taught a Harvard short-term course in New York City titled "Leadership for a Livable City."[20]

At Harvard Kennedy School, he is the co-director of the Kennedy School Center for Public Leadership, which seeks to enhance leadership teaching and research.[21] The Center helps to provide scholarships to 100 fellows a year, preparing them to serve as leaders for the common good.

Gergen served as the inaugural Isabella Cannon Distinguished Visiting Professor of Leadership at Elon University and was a fellow at Harvard University's Institute of Politics in 1984.[22][23]

Books[edit]

Gergen is the author of the New York Times bestseller book Eyewitness to Power: The Essence of Leadership, Nixon to Clinton, published in 2000. The book recounts his time in the Nixon, Ford, Reagan, and Clinton administrations. Gergen argues that, as the 21st century begins, our success as a country will depend heavily upon the success of a new generation in power. Drawing upon his many experiences in the White House, he offers seven vital elements that future leaders must possess: inner mastery; a central, compelling purpose rooted in moral values; a capacity to persuade; an ability to work within the system; a sure, quick start; strong, prudent advisers; and a passion that inspires others to carry on the mission.[6]

Gergen is working on a new book about renewing America's political culture.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Gergen has been married since 1967 to Anne Elizabeth Gergen, who is a family therapist. They live in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and have two children and five grandchildren.[4] Their son, Christopher, is a social entrepreneur in North Carolina as well as an author and a member of the Duke University faculty. Their daughter, Katherine, is a family doctor, working with the underserved population at the Boston Medical Center.[24]

Awards and memberships[edit]

Gergen has been active on many non-profit boards, and has served on the boards of Yale and Duke Universities. Among his current boards are Teach for America, City Year, Schwab Foundation, the Aspen Institute and the advisory board for the Harvard Graduate School of Education. He also chairs the advisory board for the new School of Law at Elon University. He is a member of the D.C. Bar, the Council on Foreign Relations, and the North American executive committee for the Trilateral Commission.[4] Gergen has been awarded 25 honorary degrees.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ David Gergen, Master of the Game
  2. ^ a b c d Kelly, Michael (31 October 1993). "David Gergen, Master of THE GAME" – via NYTimes.com.
  3. ^ Michael Kelly. http://cnn.com
  4. ^ a b c d e "David Gergen Biography".
  5. ^ "Executive Office of the President". 23 December 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d Gergen, David. Eyewitness to Power: The Essence of Leadership Nixon to Clinton. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2000.
  7. ^ Commercial, City (November 5, 1967). "3 Nieces Serve As Bridesmaids Of Anne Wilson". The New York Times. Retrieved May 1, 2010.
  8. ^ "Gergen Mathematics Lectures at Duke". Archived from the original on 2010-02-04.
  9. ^ "Swarthmore College Faculty Page".
  10. ^ Perry Deane Young (15 June 2005). "He shoulda been Deep Throat". Indyweek.com. Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  11. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1981/09/13/magazine/marketing-the-president.html
  12. ^ "Where Have You Gone, Joseph Lieberman? - The New Journal".
  13. ^ "David Gergen".
  14. ^ "CNN Profiles: The real David Gergen". CNN. September 21, 2012.
  15. ^ http://www.fordlibrarymuseum.gov/library/guides/findingaid/gergendfiles.asp
  16. ^ "David Gergen, Master of THE GAME". The New York Times. 31 October 1993.
  17. ^ "Gergen move to State leaves officials spinning". tribunedigital-baltimoresun.
  18. ^ Harvard Kennedy School. "HKS Faculty Biography".
  19. ^ Harvard Kennedy School. "Harvard Kennedy School - Contemporary Issues in American Elections".
  20. ^ "MLD-332M: Leadership for a Livable City". 2013-2014 Course Listing. Harvard Kennedy School. Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved November 21, 2014.
  21. ^ "Center for Public Leadership - Harvard Kennedy School". Archived from the original on 2013-03-05.
  22. ^ "Gergen advises emerging leaders".
  23. ^ "David R. Gergon". The Institute of Politics at Harvard University.
  24. ^ "Katherine Gergen Barnett - School of Medicine".
  25. ^ a b "David Gergen Biography". davidgergen.com. Retrieved 2009-02-08.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Margita White
White House Director of Communications
1976–1977
Vacant
Title next held by
Gerald Rafshoon
Preceded by
Richard Hutcheson
White House Staff Secretary
1981
Succeeded by
Richard Darman
Preceded by
Frank Ursomarso
White House Director of Communications
1981–1984
Succeeded by
Michael McManus
Preceded by
Clayton Yeutter
Counselor to the President
1993–1994
Succeeded by
Bill Curry