David Hirsh

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David Hirsh (born 29 September 1967) is a lecturer in Sociology at Goldsmiths College, University of London, Trotskyist, and founder of Engage, a campaign against the academic boycott of Israel.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Hirsh, grew up in Highgate, London.[2][3]

The attended Highgate School until he was 15, when he persuaded his parents to allow him to transfer to Woodhouse Grammar School. He joined the Trotskyite Alliance for Workers' Liberty (AWL,) acquiring his lifelong identity as a "man of the Left." [2] After leaving school he worked for half a decade as a leftist activist.[2]

He is a graduate of City University, London. He holds an M.A. in Philosophy and Social Theory and a PhD from University of Warwick. He wrote his dissertation on Crimes Against Humanity and International Law.[4]


Hirsh won the Philip Abrams Prize for the best first book in sociology from the British Sociological Association in 2004 for his book Law Against Genocide: Cosmopolitan trials. The book, an argument concerning the significance of "cosmopolitan law", also contains a full account of the trial of Anthony Sawoniuk in Britain in 1999 for crimes committed as part of the Holocaust in Belarus in 1942.

Hirsh founded the Engage website in 2005, a resource for those working to understand and to oppose contemporary antisemitism.[4] Along with several other Engage editors, he was a leading activist in the National Organisation of Labour Students during the 1980s.

In 2017, Hirsh's book Contemporary Left Antisemitism was published by Routledge.[3] It brought together much of his previous writing and thinking on the relationship between hostility to Israel and antisemitism. The book presents narrative and case study of left antisemitism and it also offers analysis of how it may be understood.

Livingstone Formulation[edit]

As a researcher of contemporary antisemitism, Hirsh is known for coining the term "Livingstone Formulation", named after the antisemitic mayor of London, Ken Livingstone. Hirsh's term is intended to describe an individual, such as Livingstone who, when faced with allegations of antisemitic attitudes, immediately reverses the charge, accusing his accuser of "playing the antisemitic card" to stifle debate.[5][6][7][8] It is a specifically Jewish form of playing the race card.[6] Alvin Hirsch Rosenfeld described the Livingstone Formulation as "a common trope of contemporary antisemitism in the United Kingdom."[9]

The Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America has accused the BBC of using the Livingstone Formulation routinely with statements such as "Others say the Israeli government and its supporters are deliberately confusing anti-Zionism with antisemitism to avoid criticism."[10]

Opposition to boycotts of Israel[edit]

Hirsh has taken a leading role in opposing the proposed boycott of Israeli universities by British academics.[11][12] Hirsh told The Guardian, "It may not have anti-semitic motivations, but if you organise an academic boycott of Israeli Jewish academics but no-one else in the world, that is an anti-semitic policy".[13]

In a debate in 2010 with Tom Hickey of the University of Brighton, who is a leader in the campaign to boycott Israel, Hirsh claimed (after professor Mary Davis of London Metropolitan University stated she had been subject to intimidation due to her opposition to boycotts of Israel):

Tom Hickey subsequently denounced Hirsh, arguing that Hirsh's claims were in fact "a traducement of the truth and it's a straightforward lie and the author knows it. There has been no intimidation – the union and the chief executive would not allow it". Hirsh responded by stating:


  • Law against Genocide: Cosmopolitan trials, (2003) London: GlassHouse Press, Cavendish Publishing
  • Anti-Zionism and Antisemitism: Cosmopolitan Reflections, The Yale Initiative for the Interdisciplinary Study of Antisemitism (YIISA) Working Paper Series #1, New Haven CT (2007)
  • "Law against genocide" in Freeman, M, (ed) Law and sociology (2006), Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • "The trial of Andrei Sawoniuk: Holocaust testimony under cross-examination" in Social and Legal Studies, Vol 10, Issue 4, pp 531–545 (2001)
  • With Robert Fine, "The decision to commit a crime against humanity" in Archer, M and Tritter, J (eds), Rational Choice Theory: Resisting colonisation (2000) London: Routledge
  • "Accusations of malicious intent in debates about the Palestine-Israel conflict and about antisemitism. The "Livingstone Formulation",'playing the antisemitism card' and contesting the boundaries of antiracist discourse." in Transversal. Zeitschrift für Jüdische Studien. University of Graz, Centrum für Jüdische Studien. Graz: Studienverlag ISSN 1607-629X, Vol 11, Issue 1, (2010) pp 47 – 77
  • "Hostility to Israel and Antisemitism: Toward a Sociological Approach" in EngageOnline Journal for the Study of Antisemitism, (2013) JSA Vol 5#1
  • The Corbyn left: the politics of position and the politics of reason in fathom, Autumn (2015)
  • "How raising the issue of antisemitism puts you outside the community of the progressive: The Livingstone Formulation"Eunice G. Pollack, ed., Anti-Zionism and Antisemitism: Past & Present (Boston: Academic Studies Press, 2016)
  • Book Review | Jews and the Left: the Rise and Fall of a Political Alliance, Fathom, Winter 2015
  • Contemporary Left Antisemitism, (2018) London: Routledge.


  1. ^ Rocker, Simon (24 April 2008). "Union bans anti-boycott activist". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 8 February 2009.
  2. ^ a b c Patrikarakos, David (4 September 2018). "An Expert on Anti-Semitism Fears for the Future in Britain". Tablet (magazine). Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  3. ^ a b Lipman, Jennifer (1 September 2017). "Ex-cabbie who took on the left". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  4. ^ a b David Hirsh, BSc MA PhD
  5. ^ David Hirsh, "Struggles over the Boundaries of Legitimate Discourse: Antizionism, Bad-Faith Allegations and The Livingstone Formulation," in Charles Asher Small (ed.), Global Antisemitism: A Crisis of Modernity; Volume V: Reflections (New York: ISGAP, 2013): pp. 89-94, p. 89
  6. ^ a b Schraub, David. "Playing with Cards: Discrimination Claims and the Charge of Bad Faith." Social Theory and Practice 42, no. 2 (2016): 285-303. http://www.jstor.org/stable/24871344.
  7. ^ Hirsh, David (n.d.). "Anti-Zionism and Antisemitism: Cosmopolitan Reflections" (pdf). Yale Initiative for the Interdisciplinary Study of Antisemitism Working Paper Series. ISSN 1940-6118. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
  8. ^ Markovits, Andrei (2008). "Book Review". democratiya.com. Retrieved 8 February 2009.
  9. ^ Rosenfeld, Alvin (2019). Anti-Zionism and Antisemitism: The Dynamics of Delegitimization. Indiana University Press. p. 207. ISBN 9780253038722. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  10. ^ Sela, Hadar (19 February 2019). "How the BBC proliferates antisemitism in the UK". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  11. ^ Hodges, Lucy, "The rebellion begins.", The Independent, 5 May 2005.
  12. ^ Glenn Frankel, "British Academics Repeal Israel Boycott", The Washington Post, 27 May 2005.
  13. ^ Joffe-Walt, Benjamin (30 May 2006). "Lecturers back boycott of Israeli academics". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  14. ^ a b Symons, Leon (21 January 2010). "UCU under fire for 'institutional racism'". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 4 September 2017.