David "Honeyboy" Edwards
|David "Honeyboy" Edwards|
Edwards performing in July 2006
|Birth name||David Edwards|
|Also known as||Honeyboy
June 28, 1915|
Shaw, Mississippi, United States
|Died||August 29, 2011
Chicago, Illinois, United States
|Genres||Delta blues, jazz, R&B, soul, folk|
|Labels||Earwig Music, Trix, Chess, Arc Records, APO records|
|Associated acts||Robert Johnson, Pinetop Perkins, Henry Townsend, Robert Lockwood, Jr.|
Edwards was born in Shaw, Mississippi. At the age of 14, he left home to travel with the bluesman Big Joe Williams, beginning life as an itinerant musician, which he maintained through the 1930s and 1940s. He performed with the famed blues musician Robert Johnson, with whom he developed a close friendship. Edwards was present on the night Johnson drank the poisoned whiskey that killed him, and his story has become the definitive version of Johnson's demise. Edwards also knew and played with other leading bluesmen in the Mississippi Delta, including Charley Patton, Tommy Johnson, and Johnny Shines. He described the itinerant bluesman's life:
On Saturday, somebody like me or Robert Johnson would go into one of these little towns, play for nickels and dimes. And sometimes, you know, you could be playin' and have such a big crowd that it would block the whole street. Then the police would come around, and then I'd go to another town and where I could play at. But most of the time, they would let you play. Then sometimes the man who owned a country store would give us something like a couple of dollars to play on a Saturday afternoon. We could hitchhike, transfer from truck to truck, or if we couldn't catch one of them, we'd go to the train yard, 'cause the railroad was all through that part of the country then...we might hop a freight, go to St. Louis or Chicago. Or we might hear about where a job was paying off – a highway crew, a railroad job, a levee camp there along the river, or some place in the country where a lot of people were workin' on a farm. You could go there and play and everybody would hand you some money. I didn't have a special place then. Anywhere was home. Where I do good, I stay. When it gets bad and dull, I'm gone.
The folklorist Alan Lomax recorded Edwards in Clarksdale, Mississippi, in 1942 for the Library of Congress. Edwards recorded 15 album sides of music, including his songs "Wind Howlin' Blues" and "The Army Blues". He did not record commercially until 1951, when he recorded "Who May Be Your Regular Be" for Arc under the name Mr. Honey. Edwards claimed to have written several well-known blues songs, including "Long Tall Woman Blues" and "Just Like Jesse James." His discography for the 1950s and 1960s amounts to nine songs from seven sessions. From 1974 to 1977, he recorded tracks for his first full-length LP, I've Been Around, released in 1978 by the independent label Trix Records and produced by the ethnomusicologist Peter B. Lowry. Kansas City Red played for Edwards for a brief period, and Earwig recorded them in 1981, along with Sunnyland Slim and Floyd Jones, for the album Old Friends Together for the First Time.
His autobiography, The World Don't Owe Me Nothing: The Life and Times of Delta Bluesman Honeyboy Edwards, published in 1997 by the Chicago Review Press, recounts his life from childhood, his travels through the American South, and his arrival in Chicago in the early 1950s. A companion CD with the same title was released by Earwig Music. His long association with the Earwig label and with his manager, Michael Frank, led to several late-career albums on various independent labels from the 1980s on. He also recorded at a church turned recording studio in Salina, Kansas, and released albums on the APO label. Edwards continued the rambling life he described in his autobiography, touring well into his 90s.
His albums White Windows, The World Don't Owe Me Nothin', Mississippi Delta Blues Man, and a 2007 album on which he appears with Robert Lockwood Jr., Henry Townsend and Pinetop Perkins titled Last of the Great Mississippi Delta Bluesmen: Live In Dallas, were all nominated for the W. C. Handy Award. The latter album won a Grammy Award in 2008.
On July 17, 2011, Frank announced that Edwards would retire because of ill health.
Edwards died of congestive heart failure at his home on August 29, 2011, at about 3 a.m. According to events listings on the Metromix Chicago website, he had been scheduled to perform at noon that day, at the Jay Pritzker Pavilion in Chicago's Millennium Park.
- "Build a Cave" / "Who May Be Your Regular Be" (ARC, 1951)
- "Drop Down Mama" (Chess, 1953)
- I've Been Around (Trix Records, 1978, 1995)
- Old Friends (Earwig, 1979)
- White Windows (Blue Suit, 1988)
- Delta Bluesman (Earwig/Indigo, 1992)
- Crawling Kingsnake (Testament, 1997)
- World Don't Owe Me Nothing, recorded live (Earwig, 1997)
- Don't Mistreat a Fool (Genes, 1999)
- Shake 'Em On Down (APO, 2000)
- Mississippi Delta Bluesman (Smithsonian Folkways Records, 2001)
- Back to the Roots (Wolf, 2001)
- Roamin' and Ramblin' (Earwig, 2008)
Edwards is the subject of the 2010 award-winning film Honeyboy and the History of the Blues, from Free Range Studios, directed by Scott Taradash. The film features stories of his life from picking cotton as a sharecropper to traveling the world performing his music. Artists who appear in the film include Keith Richards, Robert Cray, Joe Perry, Lucinda Williams, B. B. King, Big Joe Williams, and Ace Atkins.
Awards and honors
- 1996: Induction into the Blues Hall of Fame
- 1998: Keeping the Blues Alive Award in literature, for The World Don't Owe Me Nothing
- 2002: National Heritage Fellowship, National Endowment for the Arts
- 2005: Acoustic Blues Artist of the Year, 26th W. C. Handy Blues Awards
- 2007: Acoustic Artist of the Year, Blues Music Award
- 2008: Grammy Award, Best Traditional Blues Album, for Last of the Great Mississippi Delta Bluesmen: Live In Dallas
- 2010: Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award; Mississippi Governor's Award for Excellence in the Arts
- 2010: Lifetime Achievement Award, National Guitar Museum
- Crossroads Guitar Festival
- Dockery Plantation
- List of blues musicians
- List of Delta blues musicians
- Mississippi Blues Trail
- Notodden Blues Festival
- Friskics-Warren, Bill (August 29, 2011). "David Honeyboy Edwards, Delta Bluesman, Dies at 96". New York Times.
- Edwards biographical page Archived May 30, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Allaboutjazz.com. Accessed February 2008.
- Guralnick, Peter (1989). Searching for Robert Johnson.
- Palmer, Robert (1981). Deep Blues.
- Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books. p. 109. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
- "Old Friends". Discogs.com. Retrieved September 17, 2014.
- Last of the Great Mississippi Delta Bluesmen: Live in Dallas, Myspace.com.
- Marshal, Matt (2011). "David 'Honeyboy' Edwards Retires". American Blues Scene. 17 July 2011. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
- "David Honeyboy Edwards". Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- "Events for August 29, 2011". Chicago.metromix.com. Retrieved August 29, 2011.[permanent dead link]
- "Full Cast of Walk Hard". IMDb.com. January 9, 2008. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
- "NEA National Heritage Fellowships 2002". www.arts.gov. National Endowment for the Arts. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
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