General David John Hurley, AC, DSC, FTSE (born 26 August 1953) is a former senior officer in the Australian Army and the 38th and current Governor of New South Wales, serving since 2014.
In a 42-year military career, Hurley deployed on Operation Solace in Somalia in 1993, commanded the 1st Brigade (1999–2000), and was the inaugural Chief of Capability Development Group (2003–2007). His career culminated with his appointment as Chief of the Defence Force on 4 July 2011, in succession to Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston. Hurley retired from the Defence Force in June 2014, and succeeded Dame Marie Bashir as Governor of New South Wales on 2 October 2014.
On 16 December 2018 it was announced that The Queen, on the advice of Prime Minister Morrison, had approved the appointment of Hurley as the next Governor-General of Australia, commencing in June 2019.
Early life and education
David Hurley was born in Wollongong, New South Wales, the son of Norma and James Hurley. His father was an Illawarra steelworker and his mother worked in a grocery store. Hurley grew up in Port Kembla and attended Port Kembla High School, where he completed his Higher School Certificate in 1971. He graduated from the Royal Military College, Duntroon with a Bachelor of Arts and Graduate Diploma in Defence Studies.
Hurley is married to Linda and has three children.
Hurley joined the Australian Army in January 1972, and graduated from the Royal Military College, Duntroon in December 1975 into the Royal Australian Infantry Corps. His initial posting was to the 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (1RAR). Promoted to captain, he was appointed Adjutant of the Sydney University Regiment before becoming Regimental Adjutant of the Royal Australian Regiment. He went on exchange to the 1st Battalion, Irish Guards (British Army) before serving with 5th/7th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (5/7 RAR).
Promoted to lieutenant colonel, he was posted as the Senior Career Adviser (Armour, Artillery, Engineers and Infantry) in the Office of the Military Secretary in 1990, appointed SO1 (Operations) Headquarters 2nd Division in early 1991 and in November 1991 assumed command of 1 RAR which he led during Operation SOLACE (Somalia) in 1993. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for this service. In 1994 he became SO1 (Operations), Headquarters 1st Division.
Following promotion to colonel, he was appointed Chief of Staff, Headquarters 1st Division in June 1994, attended the U.S. Army War College in 1996 and 1997, became Military Secretary to Chief of Army, and was posted to Australian Defence Headquarters as Director of Preparedness and Mobilisation in December 1997.
As a brigadier, he assumed command of the 1st Brigade in Darwin in January 1999. During this period he oversaw the Brigade's transition to a higher degree of operational readiness and its support to Australian–led operations in East Timor. He went on to be Director General Land Development within Capability Systems in January 2001.
Promoted to lieutenant general, he assumed the new appointment of Chief of Capability Development Group (CCDG) in December 2003, went on to take the newly separated appointment of Chief of Joint Operations (CJOPS) in September 2007, and became Vice Chief of the Defence Force (VCDF) in July 2008.
In January 2012 Hurley completed 40 years service to the Australian Defence Force, and on 20 January while in Paris, he was presented with the insignia for Officer of the Legion of Honour by the French CDF. In February he was presented with his fifth bar to the Defence Force Service Medal, and with the DFSM ribbon with the Federation Star, in recognition of his 40 years of service. Hurley retired from the Australian Army on 30 June 2014, and was succeeded as CDF by Air Chief Marshal Mark Binskin.
David Morrison, the 2016 Australian of the Year, subsequently credited Hurley with the phrase "the standard you walk past is the standard you accept" in his anti-misogyny speech, which became "one of the most quoted phrases" in the speech.
Governor of New South Wales
On 5 June 2014, New South Wales Premier Mike Baird announced that General Hurley would replace Dame Marie Bashir as Governor of New South Wales: he was sworn in by the Premier on 2 October 2014 after Bashir's term as Governor expired. On 17 March 2015, he was invested as a Knight of the Order of St John by the Lord Prior, Dr Neil Conn, at a ceremony at Government House, Sydney.
Titles, styles and honours
|Viceregal styles of|
|Reference style||His Excellency|
|Spoken style||Your Excellency|
The Governor's style and title in full is: His Excellency General The Honourable David John Hurley, Companion of the Order of Australia, Distinguished Service Cross, Governor of the State of New South Wales in the Commonwealth of Australia.
Honours and awards
|Companion of the Order of Australia (AC)||26 January 2010|
|Officer of the Order of Australia (AO)||26 January 2004|
|Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)||26 November 1993|
|Knight of the Order of St John||17 March 2015|
|Australian Active Service Medal||with SOMALIA clasp|
|Australian Service Medal||with SOMALIA clasp|
|Defence Force Service Medal with the Federation Star||40–44 years service|
|Australian Defence Medal|||
|Officer of the Legion of Honour (France)||20 January 2012|
|Commander of the Legion of Merit (United States)||10 May 2012|
|Knight Grand Commander of the Order of Military Service (Malaysia)||2012|
|Defence Meritorious Service Star – 1st Class (Indonesia)||19 November 2012|
|Distinguished Service Order (Singapore)||13 February 2013|
|Gold Medal of the Order of the Crown of Thailand (Thailand)||June 2014|
|Gold Decoration of Merit (Netherlands)||June 2014|
- 2013: Honorary Doctor of Letters (D.Litt) by the University of Wollongong.
- 2015: Honorary Doctorate of the University (D.Univ) by the University of New South Wales.
- 2017: Honorary Doctorate of the University (D.Univ) by Macquarie University.
- 2008: Honorary Colonel of the Sydney University Regiment.
- 2014: Chief Scout of Scouts Australia NSW.
- 2014: Honorary Colonel of the Royal New South Wales Regiment.
- 2014: Honorary Air Commodore of No. 22 Squadron Royal Australian Air Force.
- 2014: Deputy Prior of the Order of St John.
- 2014: Governor of the New South Wales Police Force.
- 2016: Honorary Fellow of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering (Hon.FTSE).
- Massola, James (1 June 2011). "David Hurley is made new defence force chief as part of sweeping renewal of top brass". The Australian. News Limited. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
- lias-new-governor-general "Australia's New Governor-General" Check
|url=value (help). Prime Minister of Australia. 16 December 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- Karp, Paul; Cox, Lisa (16 December 2018). "David Hurley named next governor general of Australia as Labor blasts timing". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- "General David Hurley". Lowy Institute. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
- "General David Hurley, AC, DSC". Biography. Department of Defence, Australian Government.
- Army News, February 2012, www.defence.gov.au
- It's an Honour – Distinguished Service Cross (Australian) – 26 November 1993
- Defence Keynote Address to SimTecT2006, LTGEN General David Hurley, 29 May 2006, Melbourne Convention Centre, www.siaa.asn.au
- List of Witnesses at Public Hearings, Parliament House Canberra, 16 April 1998, www.aph.gov.au
- Hackett Centenary Lectures, King's College London, 12 November 2010, www.kcl.ac.uk
- "French Embassy in Australia – Officer of the Legion of Honour – 20 January 2012".
- "Chief of Defence Force change of command". Defence Media Release. Department of Defence. Archived from the original on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- Aubusson, Kate (2 February 2016). "David Morrison defends Australian of the Year honour on Q&A". The Age. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
- "ACT Veterans Rugby". Archived from the original on 23 June 2014.
- "Patronage Listing". Governor of New South Wales. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
- "General Hurley named as NSW Governor". Sky News. 5 June 2014. Archived from the original on 6 June 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
- "Governor's Program – 17 March 2015". Governor of New South Wales. 17 March 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
- "Scott Morrison picks former general David Hurley to be Australia's next governor-general". Sydney Morning Herald. 16 December 2018. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
- governor.nsw.gov.au – Biography of the Governor – 6 October 2014
- It's an Honour – Companion of the Order of Australia – 26 January 2010
Citation: For eminent service to the Australian Defence Force as Chief of Capability Development Group, Chief of Joint Operations and Vice Chief of the Defence Force.
- It's an Honour – Officer of the Order of Australia – 26 January 2004
Citation: For distinguished service, leadership and management to the Australian Defence Force in senior command and staff appointments.
- Official High Resolution Photo, July 2011, www.defence.gov.au
- Raymond Griggs (24 June 2014). "David Hurley last night promoted VADM Tim Barrett who will next week succeed me as CN Australia". Retrieved 25 June 2014.
- "General David Hurley AC DSC". University of Wollongong. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
- ABC News, General Hurley 'pleased' accusations against General Campbell were withdrawn retrieved 16 December 2018
- Bintang Yudha Dharma Utama is also translated as "The Grand Meritorious Military Order – 1st Class" – Chief of Defence Force receives Indonesia's highest military award, AsiaOne, 2 May 2012
- Defence News – Defence Meritorious Service Star – 19 November 2012
- The ribbon displayed is for Bintang Yudha Dharma Nararya (Defence Meritorious Service Star – 3rd Class). The ribbon for the Bintang Yudha Dharma Utama (Defence Meritorious Service Star – 1st Class) is the same, but with the addition of two central narrow red stripes. Bintang Yudha Dharma, Sekretariat Negara Republik Indonesia Official Website, www.setneg.go.id
- Top military award conferred on Australian Chief of the Defence Force – Top military award conferred on Australian Chief of the Defence Force, Australian High Commission, Singapore, 13 February 2013
- "Honorary Doctorate Recipients - General David Hurley AC DSC". University of Wollongong. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- Offner, Steve (11 December 2015). "Houston, Hurley receive honorary doctorates". University of New South Wales. UNSW Newsroom. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "AUTUMN GRADUATION SEASON COMMENCES WITH HONORARY DOCTORATE AWARDED". Newsroom. Macquarie University. 18 April 2017. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "Vice-regal Program - Tuesday, 30 January 2018". Governor of New South Wales. Office of the Governor. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "Patronage Listing". Governor of New South Wales. Office of the Governor. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "Vice-regal Program - Thursday, 2 March 2017". Governor of New South Wales. Office of the Governor. 2 March 2017. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "Understanding the Most Venerable Order of St John" (PDF). Governor of New South Wales. Governor of New South Wales. 12 December 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
- "Review the Attestation Parade for Class 323". Saint John South Australia. Saint John South Australia. 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
- "25 NEW ATSE FELLOWS INCLUDE SEVEN WOMEN". ATSE. Australian Academy of Technology and Engineering. 26 October 2016. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
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