David Jayne Hill
David Jayne Hill
|United States Ambassador to Germany|
June 14, 1908 – September 2, 1911
William Howard Taft
|Preceded by||Charlemagne Tower|
|Succeeded by||John G. A. Leishman|
|United States Ambassador to the Netherlands|
July 15, 1905 – June 1, 1908
|Preceded by||Stanford Newel|
|Succeeded by||Arthur M. Beaupre|
|United States Ambassador to Switzerland|
January 7, 1903 – July 1, 1905
|Preceded by||Arthur Sherburne Hardy|
|Succeeded by||Brutus J. Clay II|
|24th United States Assistant Secretary of State|
October 25, 1898 – January 28, 1903
|Preceded by||John Bassett Moore|
|Succeeded by||Francis Loomis|
|2nd President of the University of Rochester|
|Preceded by||Martin Brewer Anderson|
|Succeeded by||Benjamin Rush Rhees|
|Born||June 10, 1850|
Plainfield, New Jersey, U.S.
|Died||March 2, 1932 (aged 81)|
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Anna Amelia Liddell
(m. 1874; died 1880)
Juliet Lewis Packer
(m. 1886; died 1923)
|Profession||Author, University President, diplomat|
Rev. David Jayne Hill (June 10, 1850 – March 2, 1932) was an American academic, diplomat and author.
The son of Baptist minister David T. Hill, David Jayne Hill was born in Plainfield, New Jersey, on June 10, 1850. He graduated from Bucknell University in 1874 and was professor of rhetoric there from 1877 to 1879. In 1878 he received his Master of Arts degree, and he was a member of the Phi Beta Kappa Society. He also undertook graduate studies at the University of Berlin and the University of Paris.
In 1879, Hill received his ordination and was appointed Bucknell's president. From 1889 to 1896, he was president of the University of Rochester. In 1888 and 1897 he studied at the Ecole Libre des Sciences Politiques in Paris.
In 1900 he received an honorary Docteur ès lettres from the University of Geneva. He received an honorary LL.D. from Colgate University in 1884, and he received additional honorary degrees from Union University (1902), and the University of Pennsylvania (1902).
He was later a professor of European diplomacy at the School of Comparative Jurisprudence and Diplomacy.
Hill began a diplomatic career when he was appointed Assistant Secretary of State in 1898, serving to 1903.
He was appointed United States Minister to Switzerland in 1903. Two years later he was appointed United States Minister to the Netherlands and Luxembourg.
From 1908 to 1911 he was Ambassador to Germany. He was also a member of the Permanent Administrative Council of The Hague Tribunal.
Hill was an unsuccessful Republican candidate for the United States Senate from New York in 1914.
During World War I he wrote articles critical of Woodrow Wilson's decision to ask for a declaration of war and the Wilson administration's conduct of the war effort. In July 1920 he was chairman of the Republican State Convention in New York.
In 1922 Hill received France's Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor.
In 1874, Hill married Anna Amelia Liddell. Together they had three sons; Anna died two weeks after giving birth to her third child.
- Walter Hill (1875–1944)
- Arthur Hill (1878–1884)
- David Jayne Hill, Jr. (born and died in 1880).
In 1886, he married Juliet Lewis Packer (1853–1923). They were the parents of twins:
- Catherine Hill (1890–1973)
- David Jayne Hill, Jr. (1890–1975).
Juliet Hill died in Washington, D.C., after being struck by a delivery wagon while crossing the street. He died in Washington, D.C., on March 2, 1932.
Hill was an author of biography, and also wrote works on religion, psychology, and other topics. His published works include:
- The Life of William Cullen Bryant (1878)
- The Science of Rhetoric (1877)
- Elements of Rhetoric and Composition (1878)
- The Life of Washington Irving (1879)
- The Elements of Psychology (1886)
- The Social Influence of Christianity (1888)
- Principles and Fallacies of Socialism (1888)
- Genetic Philosophy (1893)
- An Honest Dollar the Basis of Prosperity (1900)
- The Conception and Realization of Neutrality (1902)
- The Contemporary Development of Diplomacy (1904)
- History of Diplomacy in the International Development of Europe, embracing A Struggle for Universal Empire (1905)
- The Establishment of Territorial Sovereignty (1906)
- World Organization as Affected by the Nature of the Modern State (1911)
- The Diplomacy of the Age of Absolutism (1914)
- The People's Government (1915)
- Americanism: What It Is (1916)
- The Rebuilding of Europe (1917)
- Impressions of the Kaiser (1918)
- Present Problems in Foreign Policy (1919)
- American World Policies (1920)
- ^ University of Rochester, Office of the President: Presidents of the University Archived November 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, David Jayne Hill, accessed August 6, 2013
- ^ Oscar McMurtrie Voorhees, editor, The Phi Beta Kappa Key, Volume 4, 1919, page 481
- ^ The Successful American, Hon. David Jayne Hill, September 1900, page 35
- ^ Parkman, Aubrey (1974). David Jayne Hill and the Problem of World Peace. Bucknell University Press. pp. 23–24. ISBN 9780838712597. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- ^ "Past Presidents | University of Rochester". rochester.edu. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
- ^ Rogers, Howard Jason (1906). Congress of Arts and Science: Universal Exposition, St. Louis, 1904. Houghton, Mifflin. p. 369. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- ^ Cutter, William Richard (1921). American Biography: A New Cyclopedia. Vol. 9. Pub. under the direction of the American historical society. p. 24. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- ^ Pittsburgh Press, Brilliant Diplomat May Succeed Dr. White, August 10, 1902
- ^ "Dr. David J. Hill's Opinions". The New York Times. October 22, 1898. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- ^ New York Times, Diplomats Exchange Posts, January 6, 1903
- ^ Youngstown Vindicator, Ambassador: David Jayne Hill Will be Nominated for Post at Berlin, November 8, 1907
- ^ The New York Times, "Ambassador Hill Quits Berlin Post", April 15, 1911
- ^ Associated Press, St. Petersburg Evening Independent, Noted Educator Claimed by Death, March 3, 1932
- ^ Rochester Evening Journal, Island Job for 'Young Jim', February 11, 1929
- ^ Robert Edwards Annin, Woodrow Wilson: A Character Study, 1924, page 385
- ^ P.F. Collier & Son, Collier's New Encyclopedia, Volume 5, 1921, page 15
- ^ New York Times, France Honors David Jayne Hill, July 16, 1922
- ^ Aubrey Parkman, David Jayne Hill and the Problem of World Peace, 1974, pages 18–19, 32–33
- ^ Ann Gordon, editor, The Selected Papers of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, Volume 5, page 402
- ^ Parkman, David Jayne Hill and the Problem of World Peace, page 36
- ^ Associated Press, Miami News, German Ambassador's Wife Dies of Injury, January 16, 1923
- ^ New York Times, David Jayne Hill Dies at Age of 81, March 3, 1932 (subscription required)
- Works by or about David Jayne Hill at Internet Archive
- Articles by Hill at the Wayback Machine (archived November 5, 2004)
- Works by or about David Jayne Hill in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- 1850 births
- 1932 deaths
- Politicians from Plainfield, New Jersey
- Writers from Washington, D.C.
- United States Assistant Secretaries of State
- Presidents of Bucknell University
- Bucknell University alumni
- University of Rochester alumni
- New York (state) Republicans
- Ambassadors of the United States to the Netherlands
- Ambassadors of the United States to Germany
- Ambassadors of the United States to Luxembourg
- Ambassadors of the United States to Switzerland
- Grand Officiers of the Légion d'honneur
- Writers from Plainfield, New Jersey
- Presidents of the University of Rochester
- Historians from New Jersey
- 20th-century American diplomats