David Jayne Hill

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David Jayne Hill
Ambassador David Jayne Hill by Anders Zorn (1860-1920).jpg
24th United States Assistant Secretary of State
In office
October 25, 1898 – January 28, 1903
Preceded by John Bassett Moore
Succeeded by Francis Loomis
Personal details
Born (1850-06-10)June 10, 1850
Plainfield, New Jersey, U.S.
Died March 2, 1932(1932-03-02) (aged 81)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Anna Amelia Liddell
Juliet Lewis Packer
Profession Author
University President
Religion Baptist[1]
Rev. David Jayne Hill (June 10, 1850 – March 2, 1932) circa 1916.jpg

Rev. David Jayne Hill (June 10, 1850 – March 2, 1932) was an American academic, diplomat and author.

Early life[edit]

The son of Baptist minister David T. Hill, David Jayne Hill was born in Plainfield, New Jersey, on June 10, 1850. He graduated from Bucknell University in 1874 and served at Bucknell as professor of rhetoric from 1877 to 1879. In 1878 he received his Master of Arts degree, and he was a member of the Phi Beta Kappa Society.[2] He also undertook graduate studies at the University of Berlin and the University of Paris.[3]

Academic career[edit]

In 1879 Hill received his ordination and was appointed Bucknell's president.[4]

From 1888 to 1896, he was president of the University of Rochester.[5] In 1888 and 1897 he studied at the Ecole Libre des Sciences Politiques in Paris.[6]

In 1900 he received an honorary Docteur es Lettres from the University of Geneva. He received an honorary LL.D. from Colgate University in 1884, and he received additional honorary degrees from Union University (1902), and the University of Pennsylvania (1902).[7]

He was later a professor of European diplomacy at the School of Comparative Jurisprudence and Diplomacy.[8]

Diplomatic career[edit]

Hill began a diplomatic career when he was appointed Assistant Secretary of State in 1898, serving to 1903.[9]

He was appointed United States Minister to Switzerland in 1903.[10] Two years later he was appointed United States Minister to the Netherlands and Luxembourg.[11]

From 1908 to 1911 he was Ambassador to Germany.[12] He was also a member of the Permanent Administrative Council of The Hague Tribunal.[13]

Hill was an unsuccessful Republican candidate for the United States Senate from New York in 1914.[14]

Later career[edit]

During World War I he wrote articles critical of Woodrow Wilson's decision to ask for a declaration of war and the Wilson administration's conduct of the war effort.[15] In July 1920 he was chairman of the Republican State Convention in New York.[16]

In 1922 Hill received France's Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor.[17]

Death and burial[edit]

He died in Washington, D.C., on March 2, 1932.[18] Hill was buried at Lewisburg Cemetery near Bucknell University in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania.[19]


In 1874 Hill married Anna Amelia Liddell. They had three sons, Walter (1875–1944), Arthur (1878–1884) and David, Jr. (born and died in 1880). Anna died two weeks after giving birth to her third child.[20]

In 1886 he married Juliet Lewis Packer (1853–1923).[21] They were the parents of twins Catherine (1890–1973) and David, Jr. (1890–1975).[22]

Juliet Hill died in Washington, D.C., after being struck by a delivery wagon while crossing the street.[23]


Hill was an author of biography, and also wrote works on religion, psychology, and other topics. His published works include:

  • The Life of William Cullen Bryant (1878)
  • The Science of Rhetoric (1877)
  • Elements of Rhetoric and Composition (1878)
  • The Life of Washington Irving (1879)
  • The Elements of Psychology (1886)
  • The Social Influence of Christianity (1888)
  • Principles and Fallacies of Socialism (1888)
  • Genetic Philosophy (1893)
  • An Honest Dollar the Basis of Prosperity (1900)
  • The Conception and Realization of Neutrality (1902)
  • The Contemporary Development of Diplomacy (1904)
  • History of Diplomacy in the International Development of Europe, embracing A Struggle for Universal Empire (1905)
  • The Establishment of Territorial Sovereignty (1906)
  • World Organization as Affected by the Nature of the Modern State (1911)
  • The Diplomacy of the Age of Absolutism (1914)
  • The People's Government (1915)
  • Americanism: What It Is (1916)
  • The Rebuilding of Europe (1917)
  • Impressions of the Kaiser (1918)
  • Present Problems in Foreign Policy (1919)
  • American World Policies (1920)


  1. ^ University of Rochester, Office of the President: Presidents of the University, David Jayne Hill, accessed August 6, 2013
  2. ^ Oscar McMurtrie Voorhees, editor, The Phi Beta Kappa Key, Volume 4, 1919, page 481
  3. ^ The Successful American, Hon. David Jayne Hill, September 1900, page 35
  4. ^ Aubrey Parkman, David Jayne Hill and the Problem of World Peace, 1974, pages 23–24
  5. ^ University of Rochester, A Directory of the Officers and Alumni of the University of Rochester, 1830–1893, 1893, page 16
  6. ^ Howard Jason Rogers, editor, Congress of Arts and Science: Universal Exposition, St. Louis, Volume 7, 1904, page 369
  7. ^ William Richard Cutter, American Biography: A New Cyclopedia, Volume 9, 1921, page 24
  8. ^ Pittsburgh Press, Brilliant Diplomat May Succeed Dr. White, August 10, 1902
  9. ^ New York Times, Dr. David J. Hill's Opinions, October 22, 1898
  10. ^ New York Times, Diplomats Exchange Posts, January 6, 1903
  11. ^ Youngstown Vindicator, Ambassador: David Jayne Hill Will be Nominated for Post at Berlin, November 8, 1907
  12. ^ New York Times, Ambassador Hill Quits Berlin Post, April 15, 1911
  13. ^ Associated Press, St. Petersburg Evening Independent, Noted Educator Claimed by Death, March 3, 1932
  14. ^ Rochester Evening Journal, Island Job for 'Young Jim', February 11, 1929
  15. ^ Robert Edwards Annin, Woodrow Wilson: A Character Study, 1924, page 385
  16. ^ P.F. Collier & Son, Collier's New Encyclopedia, Volume 5, 1921, page 15
  17. ^ New York Times, France Honors David Jayne Hill, July 16, 1922
  18. ^ New York Times, David Jayne Hill Dies at Age of 81, March 3, 1932
  19. ^ Bucknell University, Tour of the Lewisburg Cemetery, 2009, page 1
  20. ^ Aubrey Parkman, David Jayne Hill and the Problem of World Peace, 1974, pages 18–19, 32–33
  21. ^ Ann Gordon, editor, The Selected Papers of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, Volume 5, page 402
  22. ^ Parkman, David Jayne Hill and the Problem of World Peace, page 36
  23. ^ Associated Press, Miami News, German Ambassador's Wife Dies of Injury, January 16, 1923

External links[edit]

Academic offices
Preceded by
Francis Wayland Tustin
President of Bucknell University
Succeeded by
George G. Groff
Preceded by
Martin Brewer Anderson
President of the University of Rochester
Succeeded by
Benjamin Rush Rhees
Political offices
Preceded by
John Bassett Moore
United States Assistant Secretary of State
October 25, 1898 – January 28, 1903
Succeeded by
Francis Butler Loomis
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Charles Page Bryan
United States Ambassador to Switzerland
January 7, 1903 – July 1, 1905
Succeeded by
Brutus J. Clay II
Preceded by
Stanford Newel
United States Ambassador to the Netherlands
July 15, 1905 – June 1, 1908
Succeeded by
Arthur M. Beaupre
Preceded by
Charlemagne Tower, Jr.
United States Ambassador to Germany
June 14, 1908 – September 2, 1911
Succeeded by
John G.A. Leishman