David Jayne Hill

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David Jayne Hill
HILL, DAVID J. HONORABLE LCCN2016856652 (cropped).jpg
United States Ambassador to Germany
In office
June 14, 1908 – September 2, 1911
PresidentTheodore Roosevelt
William Howard Taft
Preceded byCharlemagne Tower
Succeeded byJohn G. A. Leishman
United States Ambassador to the Netherlands
In office
July 15, 1905 – June 1, 1908
Preceded byStanford Newel
Succeeded byArthur M. Beaupre
United States Ambassador to Switzerland
In office
January 7, 1903 – July 1, 1905
Preceded byArthur Sherburne Hardy
Succeeded byBrutus J. Clay II
24th United States Assistant Secretary of State
In office
October 25, 1898 – January 28, 1903
Preceded byJohn Bassett Moore
Succeeded byFrancis Loomis
2nd President of the University of Rochester
In office
Preceded byMartin Brewer Anderson
Succeeded byBenjamin Rush Rhees
Personal details
Born(1850-06-10)June 10, 1850
Plainfield, New Jersey, U.S.
DiedMarch 2, 1932(1932-03-02) (aged 81)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Anna Amelia Liddell
(m. 1874; died 1880)

Juliet Lewis Packer
(m. 1886; died 1923)
ProfessionAuthor, University President, diplomat

Rev. David Jayne Hill (June 10, 1850 – March 2, 1932) was an American academic, diplomat and author.

Early life[edit]

The son of Baptist minister David T. Hill,[1] David Jayne Hill was born in Plainfield, New Jersey, on June 10, 1850. He graduated from Bucknell University in 1874 and was professor of rhetoric there from 1877 to 1879. In 1878 he received his Master of Arts degree, and he was a member of the Phi Beta Kappa Society.[2] He also undertook graduate studies at the University of Berlin and the University of Paris.[3]


In 1879, Hill received his ordination and was appointed Bucknell's president.[4] From 1889 to 1896, he was president of the University of Rochester.[5] In 1888 and 1897 he studied at the Ecole Libre des Sciences Politiques in Paris.[6]

In 1900 he received an honorary Docteur ès lettres from the University of Geneva. He received an honorary LL.D. from Colgate University in 1884, and he received additional honorary degrees from Union University (1902), and the University of Pennsylvania (1902).[7]

He was later a professor of European diplomacy at the School of Comparative Jurisprudence and Diplomacy.[8]

Diplomatic career[edit]

Hill began a diplomatic career when he was appointed Assistant Secretary of State in 1898, serving to 1903.[9]

He was appointed United States Minister to Switzerland in 1903.[10] Two years later he was appointed United States Minister to the Netherlands and Luxembourg.[11]

From 1908 to 1911 he was Ambassador to Germany.[12] He was also a member of the Permanent Administrative Council of The Hague Tribunal.[13]

Hill was an unsuccessful Republican candidate for the United States Senate from New York in 1914.[14]

Later career[edit]

During World War I he wrote articles critical of Woodrow Wilson's decision to ask for a declaration of war and the Wilson administration's conduct of the war effort.[15] In July 1920 he was chairman of the Republican State Convention in New York.[16]

In 1922 Hill received France's Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor.[17]

Personal life[edit]

In 1874, Hill married Anna Amelia Liddell. Together they had three sons; Anna died two weeks after giving birth to her third child.[18]

  • Walter Hill (1875–1944)
  • Arthur Hill (1878–1884)
  • David Jayne Hill, Jr. (born and died in 1880).

In 1886, he married Juliet Lewis Packer (1853–1923).[19] They were the parents of twins:

  • Catherine Hill (1890–1973)
  • David Jayne Hill, Jr. (1890–1975).[20]

Juliet Hill died in Washington, D.C., after being struck by a delivery wagon while crossing the street.[21] He died in Washington, D.C., on March 2, 1932.[22]


Bust of Hill displayed at the Rush Rhees Library on the campus of the University of Rochester

Hill was an author of biography, and also wrote works on religion, psychology, and other topics. His published works include:

  • The Life of William Cullen Bryant (1878)
  • The Science of Rhetoric (1877)
  • Elements of Rhetoric and Composition (1878)
  • The Life of Washington Irving (1879)
  • The Elements of Psychology (1886)
  • The Social Influence of Christianity (1888)
  • Principles and Fallacies of Socialism (1888)
  • Genetic Philosophy (1893)
  • An Honest Dollar the Basis of Prosperity (1900)
  • The Conception and Realization of Neutrality (1902)
  • The Contemporary Development of Diplomacy (1904)
  • History of Diplomacy in the International Development of Europe, embracing A Struggle for Universal Empire (1905)
  • The Establishment of Territorial Sovereignty (1906)
  • World Organization as Affected by the Nature of the Modern State (1911)
  • The Diplomacy of the Age of Absolutism (1914)
  • The People's Government (1915)
  • Americanism: What It Is (1916)
  • The Rebuilding of Europe (1917)
  • Impressions of the Kaiser (1918)
  • Present Problems in Foreign Policy (1919)
  • American World Policies (1920)


  1. ^ University of Rochester, Office of the President: Presidents of the University Archived November 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, David Jayne Hill, accessed August 6, 2013
  2. ^ Oscar McMurtrie Voorhees, editor, The Phi Beta Kappa Key, Volume 4, 1919, page 481
  3. ^ The Successful American, Hon. David Jayne Hill, September 1900, page 35
  4. ^ Parkman, Aubrey (1974). David Jayne Hill and the Problem of World Peace. Bucknell University Press. pp. 23–24. ISBN 9780838712597. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
  5. ^ "Past Presidents | University of Rochester". rochester.edu. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  6. ^ Rogers, Howard Jason (1906). Congress of Arts and Science: Universal Exposition, St. Louis, 1904. Houghton, Mifflin. p. 369. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
  7. ^ Cutter, William Richard (1921). American Biography: A New Cyclopedia. Vol. 9. Pub. under the direction of the American historical society. p. 24. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
  8. ^ Pittsburgh Press, Brilliant Diplomat May Succeed Dr. White, August 10, 1902
  9. ^ "Dr. David J. Hill's Opinions". The New York Times. October 22, 1898. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
  10. ^ New York Times, Diplomats Exchange Posts, January 6, 1903
  11. ^ Youngstown Vindicator, Ambassador: David Jayne Hill Will be Nominated for Post at Berlin, November 8, 1907
  12. ^ The New York Times, "Ambassador Hill Quits Berlin Post", April 15, 1911
  13. ^ Associated Press, St. Petersburg Evening Independent, Noted Educator Claimed by Death, March 3, 1932
  14. ^ Rochester Evening Journal, Island Job for 'Young Jim', February 11, 1929
  15. ^ Robert Edwards Annin, Woodrow Wilson: A Character Study, 1924, page 385
  16. ^ P.F. Collier & Son, Collier's New Encyclopedia, Volume 5, 1921, page 15
  17. ^ New York Times, France Honors David Jayne Hill, July 16, 1922
  18. ^ Aubrey Parkman, David Jayne Hill and the Problem of World Peace, 1974, pages 18–19, 32–33
  19. ^ Ann Gordon, editor, The Selected Papers of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, Volume 5, page 402
  20. ^ Parkman, David Jayne Hill and the Problem of World Peace, page 36
  21. ^ Associated Press, Miami News, German Ambassador's Wife Dies of Injury, January 16, 1923
  22. ^ New York Times, David Jayne Hill Dies at Age of 81, March 3, 1932 (subscription required)

External links[edit]

Academic offices
Preceded by President of Bucknell University
Succeeded by
Preceded by President of the University of Rochester
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by United States Assistant Secretary of State
October 25, 1898 – January 28, 1903
Succeeded by
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by United States Ambassador to Switzerland
January 7, 1903 – July 1, 1905
Succeeded by
Preceded by United States Ambassador to the Netherlands
July 15, 1905 – June 1, 1908
Succeeded by
Preceded by United States Ambassador to Germany
June 14, 1908 – September 2, 1911
Succeeded by