|President of the National Rifle Association|
|Preceded by||Ron Schmeits|
|Succeeded by||James W. Porter II|
David Arthur Keene
May 20, 1945
Rockford, Illinois, U.S.
|Education||University of Wisconsin, Madison (BA)|
David Arthur Keene (born May 20, 1945) is an American political consultant, former presidential advisor, and newspaper editor, formerly the Opinion Editor of The Washington Times. Keene was the president of the National Rifle Association for the traditional two one-year terms from 2011 to 2013. From 1984 to 2011, he was the chairman of the American Conservative Union.
Early life and education
Raised in Fort Atkinson, Wisconsin, Keene made a name for himself as chapter leader and eventually national chairman of Young Americans for Freedom (YAF) while at the University of Wisconsin in the 1960s. He supported American efforts to oppose communism and took a strong stance against radicalism on both sides of the debate, particularly the violent efforts to suppress discourse, which he found inconsistent with the basis of educational institutions as bastions of rational thinking and discussion.
After graduating from college, he ran for the Wisconsin State Senate in 1969 at age 24 in a special election to replace Frank E. Panzer, who had died in office in August that year. Keene ran as a conservative and had Richard Nixon's endorsement, but was defeated by Democrat Dale McKenna in a race to fill the traditionally Republican 13th district senate seat. This was the only time that Keene ran for public office.
Keene went on to become the southern regional coordinator for Ronald Reagan's 1976 bid for the Republican presidential nomination and national political director for George H. W. Bush's 1980 presidential campaign. He advised Senator Robert Dole's 1988 and 1996 presidential campaigns. In 2007 he endorsed Mitt Romney for president  and was an advisor to his second run for president.
A campaign consultant or advisor to countless local and state campaigns, Politico's Andy Barr commented that at the peak of his power he had been "counted as one of the few men with both the ear of Republican presidents and an ability to influence the grassroots."
Keene is best known for his efforts on behalf of gun rights. He was appointed by the Bush White House to serve as public delegate to the UN Small Arms and Light Weapons Conference.
In 2007, Keene co-founded the American Freedom Agenda (AFA), which describes itself as "a coalition established to restore checks and balances and civil liberties protections under assault by the executive branch." (In 2007, Keene resigned from the AFA.) He also co-chairs the Constitution Project's Liberty and Security Committee, and has said that "the right to appeal one's detention to an independent judge is a cornerstone of responsible, conservative governance." He has been critical of the Patriot Act, and he has worked with the American Civil Liberties Union to limit the effects of the act.
Keene was Chairman of the American Conservative Union (1984–2011). Instigated by problems his son David Michael Keene was having in filing complaints while serving a 10-year sentence for firearms offenses during a 2002 road rage incident, Keene also had an unlikely collaboration with the American Civil Liberties Union in a campaign to reform the Prison Litigation Reform Act. Keene is a founding member of Right on Crime, a conservative criminal justice reform group.
He co-chairs the Constitution Project's "Liberty & Security" initiative with David Cole of the ACLU that has since 9/11 critiqued government security and surveillance measures in terms of their impact on individual privacy and constitutional rights.
On March 25, 2017, Keene was a guest on Against the Current (ATC), a "content series devoted to in-depth topical conversations between [radio host] Dan Proft and distinguished guests that are masters in their field of study." ATC's parent organization Upstream Ideas wrote that Keene and Proft discussed "the fundamental problem of how to roll back the size and scope of government." They also talked about lessons that could be learned from the NRA as a successful political movement. Keene also offered his thoughts on media.
In June 2021, Keene was tricked into giving a high school graduation speech defending gun rights in front of 3,044 empty chairs — one for each student who might have graduated in 2021 had they not been a victim of gun violence. The stunt was organized by gun-safety group Change the Ref, which was founded by the parents of a student killed in the Parkland, Florida, massacre. The group released a video of the stunt that went viral and ends by asking viewers to sign a petition pushing for universal background checks.
In 2004, Keene received the Congress on Racial Equality's prestigious Martin Luther King Award in New York; in March 2012 was recognized by the bi-partisan Constitution Project in Washington as a "Champion of the Constitution"; in early 2016 received the Conservative Political Action Conference's Lifetime Achievement Award; and in September 2016 received the Second Amendment Foundation's Lifetime Achievement Award. His first book is Shall Not Be Infringed: The New Assaults on Your Second Amendment  with Thomas L. Mason, published by Skyhorse Publishing in October 2016.
In 2004 Keene married Donna Wiesner Keene, Senior Fellow at the Independent Women's Forum and an appointee in the Reagan, Bush and Bush Administrations. He has five children, Tracey, Kerry, David Michael, Taylor, and Lisa.
- NRA chief David Keene, a gentleman who sticks to his guns Retrieved 2018-10-01.
- ANDREW J. SHEEAN. "IN THE EYE OF THE STORM: CONSERVATIVE STRUGGLES AT THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN, 1956-1968" (PDF). Uwarchive.files.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
- Kenneth P. Roesslein, State Democrats Add to Their Election Arsenal[permanent dead link], The Milwaukee Sentinel, January 8, 1970
- Keene, David (1997). "Campaign Finance: Life as a Political Consultant". Journal of Law and Policy. 1 (6): 57. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
- "American Conservative Union Chairman David Keene Endorses Mitt Romney". Fox News. 2007-11-29. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
- Andy Barr, The complex legacy of David Keene, Politico.com, February 13, 2011
- https://www.fara.gov/docs/5727-Short-Form-20080229-32.pdf[bare URL PDF]
- https://www.fara.gov/docs/5727-Exhibit-AB-20060117-1.pdf[bare URL PDF]
- "Inside Politics:Liberal applause" The Washington Times, 21 March 2007
- "Conservative Leaders Call for Habeas Restoration As Supreme Court Hears Landmark Cases". The Constitution Project. December 5, 2007. Archived from the original on April 26, 2012. Retrieved December 25, 2011.
- "Oversee the PATRIOT Act | The American Spectator". Spectator.org. Archived from the original on 2013-07-28. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
- "Does the USA PATRIOT Act Diminish Civil Liberties? - ACLU Pros & Cons - ProCon.org". Aclu.procon.org. 2008-07-16. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
- David Crary, Law curbing inmates' lawsuits questioned, USA Today, February 13, 2008
- "Against The Current". Upstream Ideas. Retrieved 2017-04-14.
- "ATC W/ David Keene Of ACU, NRA: The Leviathan Always Grows". Upstream Ideas. 2017-03-25. Retrieved 2017-04-14.
- Niemietz, Brian. "Ex-NRA leader duped into delivering graduation speech to empty chairs representing dead students". nydailynews.com. Retrieved 2021-07-14.
- Lost Class 1/3, archived from the original on 2021-12-13, retrieved 2021-07-14