David Koff

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David Richard Koff (September 24, 1939 – March 6, 2014) was a maker of documentary films, social activist, writer, researcher, and editor. His interest in social and economic justice has shaped a career largely spent exploring human rights, colonialism, resistance movements, racism, labor unions, and the oppression and exploitation of undocumented workers in America. However, he veered from political concerns long enough to write and co-produce the film, People of the Wind for which, in 1976, he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Feature Documentary.[1]

Early years: from the U.S. to Africa[edit]

Born in Philadelphia, Koff grew up in Van Nuys, California. After graduating from Stanford with an honors degree in political science in 1961, Koff traveled to West Africa, teaching in Sierra Leone and participating in a voluntary work-camp project in Ghana. As a graduate student at University of California, Berkeley in 1964, he returned, this time to East Africa, where he did academic research as well as writing and editing at the Nairobi-based East African Publishing House (EAPH). He was the uncredited ghostwriter of Field Marshal John Okello's memoir, Revolution in Zanzibar (EAPH, 1967), and, under the pseudonym Richard Wakohozi worked closely with Waruhiu Itote (General China) on his memoir, Mau Mau General (EAPH, 1967). He also traveled to Uganda, Tanzania, Zanzibar and Madagascar. Based in England from late 1969 to mid-1974, Koff returned to East Africa to film a series of documentary films for four months in 1970, then moved back to Nairobi in late 1974 to work as an editor for Transafrica Publishers.

The Black Man's Land Trilogy[edit]

Koff's early films reflect this period. In addition to many short projects, he produced and directed (with partner Anthony Howarth) and wrote The Black Man's Land Trilogy, released in 1972-73, narrated by Tanzanian broadcaster Msindo Mwinyipembe and with music by Peter Frampton. The three films, still widely used in university African Studies programs, are White Man's Country, Mau Mau, and Kenyatta. The first explores the early stages of European settlement and colonial rule, and African resistance to it. The second focuses on the state of emergency declared by the British in Kenya in 1952, including the creation of the myth of a Mau Mau terrorist group to justify the suppression of the African nationalist movement. The third film is a critical biographical portrait of Kenya's first president, Jomo Kenyatta. Koff's use of newsreels, photographs and then-contemporaneous interviews with those who lived through this tumultuous period, has been praised for its authenticity and archival value. In particular, material from the Trilogy was included in Taking Root: The Vision of Wangari Maathai, a 2007 film about the Nobel Peace Prize-winning Kenyan environmental activist, made by Lisa Merton and Alan Dater.

People of the Wind[edit]

In 1976, Koff joined again with Howarth to make a documentary of a different kind, People of the Wind. The film follows the Bakhtiari, nomadic pastoralists,of Iran, as they make their way from winter to summer pastures. People of the Wind [2] was nominated in 1976 for an Academy Award as Best Feature Documentary. It was narrated by actor James Mason.[3]

Blacks Britannica[edit]

In 1978, Koff returned to England for six months to make the film Blacks Britannica. Originally commissioned by the Boston public television station WGBH, it later "raised hackles"[4] at the station due to its perceived overtly political content. The ensuing legal battle over censorship, the right to make final cuts, and airing and distribution, was widely debated in the media at the time.

In Blacks Britannica, Koff uses the black lens to explore the ways that black Britons are racially excluded, terrorized, and politically and economically barred from society. Blacks Britannica plays on the preexisting title "Encyclopædia Britannica". The encyclopedia is seen as a treasured bound collection of information that covers a wide array of topics be that history, geography, context, social cues, culture etc., and to have a Blacks Britannica means not only that they were excluded from the popular one, but it places black folks at the center of the story. Blacks Britannica itself is a videographic collection of stories, histories, cues, and context that debunks the information about Britain society that is prioritized, and emphasizes their right to call themselves black Brits.[5]

Occupied Palestine[edit]

Koff next turned his attention to the Middle East, where he made the even more controversial Occupied Palestine, perhaps the first film to look critically at the roots of conflict between Zionism and the Palestinian national movement for control of the land of historical Palestine. The film's American premiere at the 1981 San Francisco International Film Festival was interrupted by a bomb threat[6] and the film subsequently engendered significant media debate.[7] When it was broadcast on national public television in the United States in 1986, stations in New York and Washington DC, among other cities, refused to air the program. In 2013, the London Palestine Film Festival selected Occupied Palestine as its gala opening night film, calling it "trailblazing," a "masterwork of political cinema" and "a singular work of engaged filmmaking and a unique record of an overlooked chapter in the course of the conflict."[8] Occupied Palestine was also an official selection of the 2013 Boston Palestine Film Festival.[9]

Labor movement activity and films[edit]

After returning to the U.S. in the 1980s, Koff worked as a strategic research analyst, filmmaker, and tactician with the Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees International Union, HERE, a position that included speech writing, the creation of many short in-house strategic organizing videos, and developing film archives of various actions (such as the 2005 "Banquet in the Streets",[10] demonstrations, and campaigns, the largest of which was the 2003 Immigrant Workers Freedom Ride. He served as founder and executive producer of the Immigrant Workers Freedom Ride Documentary Project.

Other projects included The Immigrant Workers Freedom Ride,[11] Koff's Windows, a film with the families and colleagues of immigrant workers killed at the World Trade Center on 9/11, which premiered at the 2002 Latino International Film Festival and was an official selection of the 2013 Atlanta International Documentary Film Festival (DocuFest).[12] Another recent film, The New Haven Raids / Les Redadas de New Haven, with music by Ry Cooder,[13] has been described as "from the frontlines of a human and civil rights crisis that is worldwide",[14] and was selected by Cineculture [15] as part of the spring 2008 series.

Later life[edit]

In 2006 Koff returned full-time to documentary filmmaking and, with independent producer and director Lyn Goldfarb, formed Organizing Video Productions.[16] OVP works primarily with unions to make short films that organizers and rank and file leaders can use as tools to build their movement.

Koff moved from California to Vermont in 2002, where he lived with the writer Crescent Dragonwagon. His novel Threat, a science fiction thriller, Koff self-published as e-book in 2012. It should have been part of a trilogy, The Barren Spheres Trilogy, followed by the books Promise and Loss.[17][18]

Koff's daughter, Clea Koff, is a forensic anthropologist and writer,[19] whose memoir of her work in Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia for the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal, The Bone Woman, has been published in many languages. Her debut mystery fiction novel, Freezing, was published in 2011.

Koff committed suicide on March 6, 2014, at Hastings-on-Hudson, New York, at the age of 74. He suffered from depression for several years.[17]


  1. ^ IMDb, Academy Awards for 1977
  2. ^ Milestone Films, catalog description of People of the Wind Archived 2008-05-14 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a 2003 scholarly article discussing two films about the Bakhtiari
  4. ^ Blacks Brottannica: A Clear Case of censorship, Jump Cut, a Magazine of Media Review
  5. ^ Mercer, K. Diaspora Culture and the Dialogic Imagination: The Aesthetics of Black Independent Film in Britain (1988 ed.). pp. 247–260.
  6. ^ https://movies.nytimes.com/movie/157292/Occupied-Palestine/overview
  7. ^ John Corry, "TV View; Balanced Journalism Needn't Preclude A Point Of View", The New York Times, April 20, 1986.
  8. ^ "Film-maker David Koff on his radical documentary Occupied Palestine", The Guardian, May 1, 2013.
  9. ^ http://www.bostonpalestinefilmfest.org/bpff-event/from-the-archives-documenting-palestine/
  10. ^ "lacityorgcd13: Banquet in the Streets". lacityorgcd13.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2008-06-23.
  11. ^ "The Immigrant Workers Freedom Ride". www.iwfr.org. Archived from the original on 2008-06-23. Retrieved 2008-06-23.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-08. Retrieved 2013-10-08.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "The New Haven Raids Video - "Under the cover of law, the law is broken. Under the claim of homeland security, the security of ho". www.newhavenraidsvideo.com. Retrieved 2008-06-23.
  14. ^ "The New Haven Raids". audience.withoutabox.com. Archived from the original on 2011-08-10. Retrieved 2008-06-23.
  15. ^ California State University, Fresno - CineCulture Archived 2008-05-14 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ Organizing Video Productions Archived 2011-08-23 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ a b Campbell, Duncan (March 13, 2014). "David Koff obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
  18. ^ Threat: Book One, The Barren Spheres Trilogy Archived 2014-03-20 at Archive.today
  19. ^ Clea Koff