David L. Rabinowitz

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David Lincoln Rabinowitz
David Rabinowitz.jpg
David Lincoln Rabinowitz working at the NEAT-Project
Born1960 (age 57–58)
Alma materYale University
University of Chicago
Known forCo-discoverer of the new population of dwarf planets in the outer solar system
Scientific career
FieldsAstrophysics
InstitutionsYale University's Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics
University of Arizona Lunar and Planetary Laboratory
Thesis (1988)
Websitephysics.yale.edu/people/david-rabinowitz

David Lincoln Rabinowitz (born 1960) is an American astronomer, discoverer of minor planets and researcher at Yale University.

Career[edit]

David Rabinowitz has built CCD cameras and software for the detection of near-Earth and Kuiper belt objects,[1] and his research has helped reduce the assumed number of near-Earth asteroids larger than 1 km by half, from 1,000–2,000 to 500–1,000[2] He has also assisted in the detection of distant solar system objects, supernovae, and quasars, thereby helping to understand the origin and evolution of the solar system and the dark energy driving the accelerated expansion of the universe.

Collaborating with Michael Brown and Chad Trujillo of the Quasar Equatorial Survey Team, he has participated in the discovery of several plutoids such as 90377 Sedna (possibly the first known inner Oort cloud object), 90482 Orcus,[3] Eris (more massive than Pluto[4]), Haumea,[5] and Makemake,[6] although he would not get credit for Haumea.

Together with Tom Gehrels of the University of Arizona and his Spacewatch team, Rabinowitz discovered or co-discovered other astronomical objects including 5145 Pholus[7] – a Centaur, credited by the MPC to Spacewatch[8]– and the unnumbered Apollo near-Earth object 1991 BA, which remains uncredited.[9].

Awards and honors[edit]

The minor planet 5040 Rabinowitz, a Phocaea asteroid discovered by Tom Gehrels at Palomar Observatory in 1972, was named in his honor and for his work at Spacewatch.[10]

List of discovered minor planets[edit]

David Rabinowitz is credited by the Minor Planet Center with the discovery and co-discovery of 32 minor planets during 1989–2010.[11]

90377 Sedna 14 November 2003 list[A][B]
90482 Orcus 17 February 2004 list[A][B]
(120178) 2003 OP32 26 July 2003 list[A][B]
(120348) 2004 TY364 3 October 2004 list[A][B]
136199 Eris 21 October 2003 list[A][B]
136472 Makemake 31 March 2005 list[A][B]
(175113) 2004 PF115 7 August 2004 list[A][B]
(187661) 2007 JG43 10 May 2007 list[C][A]
(225088) 2007 OR10 17 July 2007 list[C][A]
(305543) 2008 QY40 25 August 2008 list[C][A]
(312645) 2010 EP65 9 March 2010 list[D]
(316179) 2010 EN65 7 March 2010 list[D]
(349933) 2009 YF7 19 December 2009 list
(353222) 2009 YD7 16 December 2009 list
(382004) 2010 RM64 9 September 2010 list[C][D]
(386723) 2009 YE7 17 December 2009 list
(445473) 2010 VZ98 11 November 2010 list[C][D]
(471136) 2010 EO65 9 March 2010 list[D]
(471137) 2010 ET65 13 March 2010 list[D]
(471149) 2010 FB49 17 March 2010 list[D]
(471150) 2010 FC49 18 March 2010 list[D]
(471151) 2010 FD49 19 March 2010 list[D]
(471152) 2010 FE49 19 March 2010 list[D]
(471155) 2010 GF65 14 April 2010 list[D]
(471172) 2010 JC80 12 May 2010 list[D]
(471196) 2010 PK66 14 August 2010 list[C][D]
(471210) 2010 VW11 3 November 2010 list[C][D]
(496816) 1989 UP 27 October 1989 list[E]
(499522) 2010 PL66 14 August 2010 list[C][D]
(504555) 2008 SO266 24 September 2008 list[C][A]
(523618) 2007 RT15 11 September 2007 list[C][A]
(523629) 2008 SP266 26 September 2008 list[C][A]
Co-discovery made with:
A M. E. Brown
B C. Trujillo
C M. E. Schwamb
D S. Tourtellotte
E J. V. Scotti

1992AD is with a comet-like orbit of 92.26 years without a tail, which orbits between Saturn and Neptune. It was discovered by Rabinowitz in 1992 and was officially named Pholus. Another body that he discovered in 1993 was named Nessus with an orbit of 123.2 years. This one orbits between Saturn and Pluto.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "David Rabinowitz overview". Archived from the original on 2005-11-06.
  2. ^ Jane Platt (12 January 2000). "Asteroid population count slashed". NASA. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  3. ^ David Whitehouse (3 March 2004). "New world found far beyond Pluto". BBC NEWS - Science/Nature. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  4. ^ Brown, Michael E.; Schaller, Emily L. (June 2007). "The Mass of Dwarf Planet Eris" (PDF). Science. 316 (5831): 1585. Bibcode:2007Sci...316.1585B. doi:10.1126/science.1139415. PMID 17569855. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  5. ^ Brown, M. E.; Bouchez, A. H.; Rabinowitz, D.; Sari, R.; Trujillo, C. A.; van Dam, M.; et al. (October 2005). "Keck Observatory Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics Discovery and Characterization of a Satellite to the Large Kuiper Belt Object 2003 EL61" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 632 (1): L45–L48. Bibcode:2005ApJ...632L..45B. doi:10.1086/497641. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  6. ^ Mike Baldwin. "Eris: dwarf planet larger than Pluto". memphisgeology. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  7. ^ "Pholus (minor planet 5145)". David Darling. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  8. ^ "5145 Pholus (1992 AD)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  9. ^ "1991 BA". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  10. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (5040) Rabinowitz. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 434. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  11. ^ "Minor Planet Discoverers (by number)". Minor Planet Center. 28 September 2018. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  12. ^ Life After Grief: An Astrological Guide to Dealing with Loss, by Darrelyn Gunzburg, 2004