David L. Rabinowitz

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David Lincoln Rabinowitz
David Rabinowitz.jpg
David Lincoln Rabinowitz working at the NEAT-Project
Born 1960 (age 55–56)
Fields Astrophysics
Institutions Yale University's Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics
University of Arizona Lunar and Planetary Laboratory
Alma mater Yale University
University of Chicago
Thesis Joint Convolutional and Orthogonal Decoding of Interleaved-Data Frames for IS-95 CDMA Communications (1996)
Known for Co-discoverer of the new population of dwarf planets in the outer solar system
Website
physics.yale.edu/people/david-rabinowitz

David Lincoln Rabinowitz (born 1960) is an American astronomer, discoverer of minor planets and researcher at Yale University.

He has built CCD cameras and software for the detection of near-Earth and Kuiper belt objects,[1] and his research has helped reduce the assumed number of near-Earth asteroids larger than 1 km by half, from 1,000–2,000 to 500–1,000[2] He has also assisted in the detection of distant solar system objects, supernovae, and quasars, thereby helping to understand the origin and evolution of the solar system and the dark energy driving the accelerated expansion of the universe.

Collaborating with Michael Brown and Chad Trujillo of the Quasar Equatorial Survey Team, he has participated in the discovery of several plutoids such as 90377 Sedna (possibly the first known inner Oort cloud object), 90482 Orcus,[3] Eris (more massive than Pluto[4]), Haumea,[5] and Makemake,[6] although he would not get credit for Haumea.

Together with Tom Gehrels of the University of Arizona and his Spacewatch team, Rabinowitz discovered or co-discovered other astronomical objects including 5145 Pholus[7] (credited by the MPC to Spacewatch[8]) and 1991 BA (uncredited yet[9]).

The minor planet 5040 Rabinowitz, a Phocaea asteroid discovered by Tom Gehrels at Palomar Observatory in 1972, was named in his honor and for his work at Spacewatch.[10]

Discovered minor planets: 27 [11] (selection)
Designation Date Note / Ref
90377 Sedna November 14 2003 [1][2] MPC
90482 Orcus February 17 2004 [1][2] MPC
(120178) 2003 OP32 July 26 2003 [1][2] MPC
(120348) 2004 TY364 October 3 2004 [1][2] MPC
136199 Eris October 21 2003 [1][2] MPC
136472 Makemake March 31 2005 [1][2] MPC
(175113) 2004 PF115 August 7 2004 [1][2] MPC
(349933) 2009 YF7 December 19 2009  –    MPC
(353222) 2009 YD7 December 16 2009  –    MPC
(382004) 2010 RM64 September 9 2010 [3][4] MPC
(386723) 2009 YE7 December 17 2009  –    MPC
(445473) 2010 VZ98 November 11 2010 [3][4] MPC
1 co-discovered with Michael E. Brown
2 co-discovered with Chad Trujillo
3 co-discovered with Megan E. Schwamb
4 co-discovered with Suzanne W. Tourtellotte

References[edit]

  1. ^ "David Rabinowitz overview". [dead link]
  2. ^ Jane Platt (12 January 2000). "Asteroid population count slashed". NASA. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  3. ^ David Whitehouse (3 March 2004). "New world found far beyond Pluto". BBC NEWS - Science/Nature. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  4. ^ Brown, Michael E.; Schaller, Emily L. (June 2007). "The Mass of Dwarf Planet Eris". Science. 316 (5831): 1585. Bibcode:2007Sci...316.1585B. doi:10.1126/science.1139415. PMID 17569855. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  5. ^ M. E. Brown, A. H. Bouchez, D. L. Rabinowitz, R. Sari, C. A. Trujillo, M. A. van Dam, R. Campbell, J. Chin, S. Hartman, E. Johansson, R. Lafon, D. LeMignant, P. Stomski, D. Summers, P. L. Wizinowich, Keck Observatory laser guide star adaptive optics discovery and characterization of a satellite to large Kuiper belt object 2003 EL61, The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 632, L45 (October 2005)
  6. ^ Mike Baldwin. "Eris: dwarf planet larger than Pluto". memphisgeology. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  7. ^ "Pholus (minor planet 5145)". David Darling. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  8. ^ "5145 Pholus (1992 AD)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  9. ^ "1991 BA". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  10. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (5040) Rabinowitz. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 434. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "Minor Planet Discoverers (by number)". Minor Planet Center. 20 August 2016. Retrieved 25 August 2016.