David Lansana arriving for a visit in Israel
|Birth name||David Lansana|
|Born||March 22, 1922|
Baiima, Mandu Chiefdom, Kailahun District, British Sierra Leone
|Died||July 19, 1975 (aged 53)|
Pademba Road Prison, Freetown, Sierra Leone
Freetown, Sierra Leone
|Years of service||1947–1972|
|Spouse(s)||Komeh Gulama Lansana|
Brigadier David Lansana (22 March 1922 – 19 July 1975) was the first indigenous Force Commander of the Sierra Leone Military during the colonial era. After Sierra Leone became independent, he served as Military Attaché to the United States.
Lansana was one of the most distinguished officers in the history of the Sierra Leone Armed Forces. He was one of the first Sierra Leoneans to train at Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, Berkshire, United Kingdom.
Through his marriage to Komeh Gulama Lansana, the daughter of Paramount Chief Julius Gulama of Kaiyamba Chiefdom he was a relative of Paramount Chief Ella Koblo Gulama and her husband Paramount Chief Bai Koblo Pathbana II, two of the nation's most influential politicians.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Marriage and family
- 3 Sierra Leone's first coup d'état
- 4 Further reading
- 5 References
Early life and education
Royal Military Academy Sandhurst
As a Lieutenant, he was a frequent and popular visitor to the home of Sir Robert de Zouche Hall, Governor of Sierra Leone 1952–1956.
Marriage and family
He was married to Komeh Gulama Lansana, the daughter of Paramount Chief Julius Gulama of Kaiyamba Chiefdom and Madame Lucy Gulama. The Gulamas are Mende royalty and among the most important ruling families in Sierra Leone.
His father-in-law was a founding member of the Sierra Leone People's Party, the first and oldest political party in the country. His sister-in-law was Paramount Chief Ella Koblo Gulama. His brother-in-law was Paramount Chief Bai Koblo Pathbana II.
Lansana and his wife had five children Sheku, Judy, Tala, Foday, Kornya. Lansana also had a son, Daniel, from another relationship.
Force Commander of the Sierra Leone Military
When his close friend and ally Prime Minister Albert Margai came to power, Brigadier Lansana took control of the army from British colonial adviser, Brigadier R.D. Blackie. Margai promoted a one party (non-democratic) state. Both Lansana and Margai came from the Mende tribe which exacerbated existing conflicts with the northern tribes and the Krios. Northern and Krio officers were systematically purged from the armed forces.
Sierra Leone's first coup d'état
The 1967 General Election
Sierra Leone was the first country in postcolonnial Africa to hold a successful democratic election. This distinction lasted only four days. On 21 March 1967, Lansana instructed Samuel Hinga Norman conduct the extrajudicial arrest of the new, democratically elected prime minister Siaka Stevens. The arrest took place prior to the announcement of the election result.
Lansana's unilateral decision was unpopular with many of his fellow Mende officers who did not believe the army should be a tool of internal government. In addition to this, before to the coup d'état his influence with his subordinates had been compromised by accusations of "drunkenness" and "womanizing".
On 23 March 1967, Major Charles Blake and other senior military officers relieved Lansana of his command. They established the National Reformation Council (NRC) and took control of the government.
Both Lansana and his sister-in-law Paramount Chief Ella Koblo Gulama were arrested on charges of treason and detained at Padema Road Prison. Both were charged of conspiracy with former Prime Minister Albert Margai.
The claim was based on a meeting between Gulama and Margai on 19 March 1967 in which Margai is said to have express his wish not to lose his office. He was said to be weighing his options, including military intervention.
Gulama was a minister without portfolio in Margai's government. She was also the hereditary ruler of Kaiyamba District, the most powerful Mende chiefdom in Sierra Leone. She reportedly advised him not to stand down from the office of Prime Minister in spite of the APC victory. She was also reported to have offered him her formidable support and suggested that both Margai bribe Lansana to stage a coup d'état.
Incarceration and execution
On 19 July 1975, Lansana was executed by hanging with former Minister of Finance Dr. Mohamed Sorie Forna, Lieutenant Habib Lansana Kamara, Ibrahim Bash Taqi, and Paramount Chief Bai Makarie N’silk were executed at Pademba Road Prison.
After the execution, their bodies were displayed an hour.
- Komeh Gulama Lansana
- Paramount Chief Julius Gulama
- Madame Lucy Gulama
- Ella Koblo Gulama
- Paramount Chief Bai Koblo Pathbana II
- Sir Albert Margai
- Siaka Probyn Stevens
- Fyle, Magbaily C. (2006-03-27). "Historical Dictionary of Sierra Leone". Scarecrow Press. Retrieved 2018-07-13.
- Bundu, Abass (2001). "Democracy by Force?: A Study of International Military Intervention in the Civil War in Sierra Leone from 1991-2000". Universal-Publishers. Retrieved 2018-07-15.
- Ojukutu-Macauley, Sylvia; Rashid, Ismail (2013-10-10). "The Paradoxes of History and Memory in Post-Colonial Sierra Leone". Lexington Books. Retrieved 2018-07-15.
- Tribute to the Honourable PC Ella Koblo Gulama
- "ISEC Global - Our Team". www.isecglobal.net. Retrieved 2018-07-13.
- Political leadership in Sierra Leone by John R. Cartwright page 80.
- Woods, Larry J. (2010). "Military Interventions in Sierra Leone: Lessons from a Failed State". DIANE Publishing. Retrieved 2018-07-16.
- Political leadership in Sierra Leone by John R. Cartwright pages 80-81.
- Vanguard, The Patriotic (2009-07-21). "34 years after the execution of Mohamed Sorie Fornah and 14 others". The Patriotic Vanguard. Retrieved 2018-07-13.