David Magarshack (23 December 1899 – 1977) was a British translator and biographer of Russian authors, best known for his translations of Dostoevsky.
Magarshack was born in Riga, in present-day Latvia (Riga was then part of Russia), travelled to Britain in 1920 and became naturalised in 1931.
After graduating from University College London in English Language and Literature, he worked in Fleet Street and published a number of novels.
He was the biographer of Chekhov (1952, 1955(US)), Gogol (1957), Dostoevsky (1962), Pushkin (1967), Stanislavsky (1951, 1976) and Turgenev (1954). Magarshack died in London in 1977.