David Malpass

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David Malpass
13th President of the World Bank Group
In office
April 9, 2019 – June 1, 2023
Chief ExecutiveKristalina Georgieva
Anshula Kant
Preceded byKristalina Georgieva (acting)
Succeeded byAjay Banga
Under Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs
In office
September 25, 2017 – April 9, 2019
PresidentDonald Trump
Preceded byD. Nathan Sheets
Succeeded byBrent McIntosh
Personal details
Born (1956-03-08) March 8, 1956 (age 68)
Petoskey, Michigan, U.S
Political partyRepublican
SpouseAdele Obermayer
RelativesHerman Obermayer (father-in-law)
EducationColorado College (BA)
University of Denver (MBA)
Georgetown University (MS)

David Robert Malpass (born March 8, 1956[1]) is an American economic analyst and former government official who served as President of the World Bank Group from 2019 to 2023. Malpass previously served as Under Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs under Donald Trump, Deputy Assistant Treasury Secretary under Ronald Reagan, and Deputy Assistant Secretary of State under George H. W. Bush. He served as Chief Economist at Bear Stearns for the six years preceding its collapse.[2]

During the 2016 U.S. presidential election, Malpass served as an economic advisor to Trump, and in 2017, he was nominated and confirmed as Under Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs at the Treasury Department. Malpass was elected President of the World Bank on April 4, 2019, having been nominated to the position in February 2019 by the Trump administration.[3][4] He formally took office on April 9, 2019,[4] and announced in February 2023 that he was leaving the position in June of that year.

Education and career

Malpass earned a B.A. in physics at Colorado College and an MBA at the University of Denver.[5] He studied international economics at Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service. He speaks Spanish, Russian, and French.[6][7] From 1977 to 1983, he worked in Portland, Oregon for Esco Corporation and Arthur Andersen's systems consulting group, where he became a licensed CPA.

During the Reagan and George H. W. Bush administrations, Malpass worked on an array of economic, budget, and foreign policy issues including small business promotion throughout Latin America and the 1986 tax cut.[5] Malpass served as the Republican staff director of the United States Congress Joint Economic Committee from 1989 to 1990, and as a member of Congress's blue-ribbon panel on budget scoring from 2002 to 2003.[5]

Malpass was chief economist at Bear Stearns from 1993 to 2008.[8] As a result of the global financial crisis and under the prodding of the Federal Reserve and United States Department of the Treasury, Bear Sterns was sold to JPMorgan Chase in March 2008 for 6% of its value twelve months prior.[9]

In June 2008, Malpass founded Encima Global, a New York City firm providing daily analysis of global economic and political trends relevant to institutional investors. In 2010, Malpass ran for the Republican nomination for United States Senate in that year's special election in New York. He placed second in the three-way primary with 38% of the vote after former Congressman Joe DioGuardi's 42%. In 2012, he wrote a chapter entitled 'Sound Money, Sound Policy' in The 4% Solution: Unleashing the Economic Growth America Needs, published by the George W. Bush Presidential Center.

Malpass writes a column for Forbes and is a contributor to the op-ed section of The Wall Street Journal.[10] He is also a frequent television commentator.

Malpass sits on the boards of UBS Funds, the New Mountain Financial Corporation,[11] and the Gary Klinsky Children's Center. He is also a former director of the National Committee on United States–China Relations, the Council of the Americas, and the Economic Club of New York, and a former member of the board of trustees of the Manhattan Institute.

Economic forecasts

In 2007, immediately before the housing market collapse that triggered the financial crisis of 2007–2008, Malpass wrote for The Wall Street Journal that "Housing and debt markets are not that big a part of the U.S. economy, or of job creation...the housing- and debt-market corrections will probably add to the length of the U.S. economic expansion."[12] By March 2008, Bear Stearns, where Malpass had served as Chief Economist for six years, was nearly bankrupt, and its assets were bought by JPMorgan Chase in March 2008 for 6% of its value twelve months prior.[13]

In the time period following the Great Recession, Malpass called for the raising of interest rates, at a time when economists believed this would be harmful to the economy.[14] Bruce Bartlett cited Malpass' 2008 forecast of economic growth and his 2012 forecast of recession as specific examples of partisan bias in economic forecasts.[15]

Trump advisor

Malpass joined Donald Trump's presidential campaign in May 2016 as Senior Economic Advisor. He appeared frequently on television and radio to support Trump's message of faster growth through policy reforms. Four of his pre-election Forbes columns discussed the need for political upheaval to upend the status quo.[16][17] On August 5, the campaign announced an economic round-table including Malpass.[18] His September 1, 2016 op-ed essay in The New York Times described fast growth through a policy upheaval covering taxes, trade, regulations and energy ("Why Our Economy Needs Trump").[19] Throughout the election time period, Malpass was heading the transition team's work on economic agencies including Treasury, Commerce, the Federal Reserve, USTR and independent regulatory agencies as Trump prepared to become president.[20]

Under Secretary of the Treasury

Malpass's official photo as Under Secretary

In March 2017, the White House announced that Malpass would be President Trump's nominee for Under Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs.[21] Malpass was confirmed for the position by the United States Senate on August 3, 2017.[22]

Malpass took a critical position on China during his tenure.[23] He was described as "a champion of President Donald Trump's protectionist message."[24]

World Bank President

In February 2019, Trump announced Malpass as the nominee for President of the World Bank, succeeding Jim Yong Kim, who had announced in January 2019 that he would be stepping down three years prior to the end of his five-year term in 2022.[3] Malpass was unanimously approved by the executive board on April 5, 2019,[4][25] and began his term on April 9.[26]

During the start of his tenure, Malpass rarely mentioned climate change and was considered a supporter of Trump's environmental policies. After inauguration of Joe Biden in early 2021, American policy shifted towards prioritizing fighting climate change, and Malpass increasingly began working and speaking on climate policy. In April 2021, the World Bank released a five-year, 100 billion USD Climate Change Action Plan that would devote 35% of all financing to climate co-benefits, 50% of climate financing to climate change adaptation, and harmonize its financing goals with the Paris Agreement by 2023. The plan faced criticism that 35% was too low and that it did not move the World Bank towards fossil fuel divestment.[27][28]

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Malpass won praise for supporting developing countries' recovery efforts and being able to quickly use World Bank financing.[27]

On September 20, 2022, former US Vice President and environmentalist Al Gore labelled Malpass a climate change denier and called for Biden to replace him during an event focusing on climate change hosted by The New York Times. Later during the event, Malpass was given an opportunity to respond to Gore and was asked three times if he accepted the scientific consensus on climate change that human fossil fuel consumption was a leading cause. Malpass replied, "I'm not a scientist."[28] This answer prompted criticism from climate policy makers such as Rachel Kyte and Mark Carney, and calls for his resignation from the Rocky Mountain Institute and Christiana Figueres, among others. On September 21, the United States Department of the Treasury issued a statement that it expected World Bank leadership to take a leading role on climate issues. On September 22, Malpass said in both an internal memo to World Bank staff and on an interview with CNN International that he accepted the scientific consensus on human activity causing climate change and that he was not a "denier".[28]

In mid-February 2023, Malpass announced his intention to end his term as president of the bank by June 2023.[29]

Personal life

Malpass and his wife, Adele, daughter of Herman Obermayer and granddaughter of Neville Levy, live in New York City. Adele Malpass was appointed as the Chairwoman of the Manhattan Republican Party[30] in January 2015 and was elected to a two-year term in September 2015.[31][32] She was succeeded in the role by Andrea Catsimatidis after resigning to move to Washington when Malpass was appointed to his role in the Treasury Department under President Trump.[33][34][35] As of September 22, 2022, Adele Malpass was the president of The Daily Caller News Foundation, a non-profit organization linked with the eponymous news organization.[28]

Malpass is a native of northern Michigan.[36] He has four children.[37][38]


  1. ^ "Nominations Of Eric D. Hargan, David Malpass, Andrew K. Maloney and Brent James McIntosh" (PDF). U.S. Senate Finance Committee. U.S. Government Publishing Office. June 7, 2017. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  2. ^ Katz, Celeste; Saltonstall, David (April 15, 2010). "Ex-finance honcho shooting for Gillibrand's Senate seat". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
  3. ^ a b Zarroli, Jim (February 6, 2019). "Trump Nominates Outspoken Critic David Malpass To Head World Bank". NPR. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c Hsu, Tiffany (April 5, 2019). "David Malpass, Trump's Pick to Lead World Bank, Is Approved". The New York Times. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c "David Malpass (author profile)". National Review. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
  6. ^ Fouhy, Beth (April 14, 2010). "David Malpass For Senate: Republican Economist To Challenge Gillibrand". The Huffington Post.
  7. ^ Dahle, Stephanie (April 14, 2010). "David Malpass: Running For Senate". Forbes. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
  8. ^ Baker, Peter (February 4, 2019). "Trump to Nominate David Malpass to Lead the World Bank". The New York Times. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  9. ^ Sorkin, Andrew Ross (March 24, 2008). "JPMorgan Raises Bid for Bear Stearns to $10 a Share". The New York Times. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
  10. ^ Malpass, David (February 10, 2016). "Don't Blame the Fed's Interest-Rate Baby Step". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 13, 2016.
  11. ^ "David R. Malpass". New Mountain Finance Corporation. Archived from the original on October 12, 2012. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  12. ^ Weissmann, Jordan (January 5, 2017). "Trump Taps Bear Stearns Economist Who Said Not to Worry About Credit Crisis for Key Treasury Job". Slate. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
  13. ^ Kelly, Kate. "Inside the Fall of Bear Stearns - WSJ". WSJ. Retrieved April 3, 2024.
  14. ^ Choma, Russ. "Trump's Economic Adviser Said the Economy Was Fine—Right Before It Imploded". Mother Jones. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
  15. ^ Bartlett, Bruce (October 9, 2012). "Partisan Bias and Economic Forecasts". The New York Times. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
  16. ^ Malpass, David (April 26, 2017). "Upheaval To Reinvent U.S. Politics". Forbes. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  17. ^ "David Malpass (author profile)". Forbes. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  18. ^ Belvedere, Matthew J. (August 5, 2016). "Jobs strong, but too many Americans still left out, new Trump economic aide says". CNBC. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
  19. ^ Malpass, David (September 1, 2016). "Why This Economy Needs Donald Trump". The New York Times. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  20. ^ Naylor, Brian (November 16, 2016). "From Lobbyists To Loyalists, See Who's On Donald Trump's Transition Team". NPR. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
  21. ^ Beech, Eric (March 14, 2017). "Trump to nominate Goldman Sachs' Donovan as deputy Treasury secretary". Reuters. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
  22. ^ "PN103 — David Malpass — Department of the Treasury". Congress.gov. August 3, 2017. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  23. ^ "Top US Treasury Official Slams China's 'Non-Market Behavior'". CNBC. Reuters. February 21, 2018. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  24. ^ Mohsin, Saleha (July 12, 2018). "Treasury Struggles to Keep Staff in Unit at Heart of Trade War". Bloomberg News. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  25. ^ Zumbrun, Josh (April 5, 2019). "Trump Nominee Malpass Selected as Next World Bank President". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
  26. ^ Lawder, David (April 9, 2019). "New World Bank boss vows to keep climate goals, evolve China relationship". Reuters. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  27. ^ a b Rappeport, Alan (April 9, 2021). "Out of Trump's Shadow, World Bank President Embraces Climate Fight". The New York Times. Retrieved September 24, 2022.
  28. ^ a b c d Gelles, David; Rappeport, Alan (September 22, 2022). "World Bank Leader, Accused of Climate Denial, Offers a New Response". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 24, 2022.
  29. ^ "David Malpass: World Bank leader who was called climate denier quits". BBC News. February 15, 2023. Retrieved February 16, 2023.
  30. ^ "Adele Malpass - Manhattan Republican Party". Manhattan Republican Party. 2016. Archived from the original on October 27, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
  31. ^ Goodwin, Michael (May 12, 2015). "Courageous GOPer has eye on corruption". New York Post. Retrieved April 22, 2019. Adele Malpass, who deserves the red badge of courage for agreeing to lead the Manhattan Republican Party, offers a way for the GOP to distinguish itself in Albany.
  32. ^ "Statement from Manhattan GOP Chairwoman Adele Malpass on Her Election". Manhattan Republican Party. September 29, 2015. Archived from the original on July 29, 2020. Retrieved April 22, 2019. I am honored to have been elected last evening to serve as the New York County Republican Chairwoman for the next two years. Since my appointment in January by New York State GOP Chairman, Ed Cox, I have ...
  33. ^ "Greek-American Andrea Catsimatidis Elected Chairwoman of the Manhattan GOP". The National Herald. September 25, 2017. Archived from the original on April 22, 2019. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
  34. ^ Vilensky, Mike (August 27, 2017). "Supermarket Heiress Believes Manhattan GOP Can Be Victorious Again". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
  35. ^ Reisman, Nick (August 2, 2017). "Leadership Fight For Manhattan GOP". New York State of Politics, Capital Tonight. Spectrum News Capital Region. Archived from the original on April 22, 2019. Retrieved April 22, 2019. Republicans in Manhattan have a leadership race unfolding after the resignation of Chairwoman Adele Malpass, pitting the daughter of a top donor against a former candidate for city comptroller. A source familiar with the situation said Malpass resigned this week as her husband David is set to take a post in the Trump administration's Treasury Department.
  36. ^ Appell, Howard W. (July 14, 2010). "U.S. Senate hopeful seeks to unseat Gillibrand". The Livingston County News. Archived from the original on July 17, 2012.
  37. ^ "Nominations of Eric D. Hargan, David Malpass, Andrew K. Maloney, and Brent James McIntosh". United States Congress.
  38. ^ "David Malpass". World Bank Group.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by Under Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs
Succeeded by
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by President of the World Bank Group
Succeeded by