David Martin (poet)

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David Martin AM[1] (22 December 1915 – 1 July 1997), born Lajos or Ludwig Detsinyi, into a Jewish family in Hungary (then part of Austria-Hungary), was an Australian novelist, poet, playwright, journalist, editor, literary reviewer and lecturer. He also used the names Louis Adam and Louis Destiny, adopting the name David Martin after moving to England.

Biography[edit]

Martin was born in Budapest, but educated in Germany. He left Germany in 1934, spending time in the Netherlands, Hungary and Palestine. In 1937 he travelled to Spain. where he served as a volunteer in the medical service of the International Brigade of the Spanish Republican Army during the Spanish Civil War.[2]

In 1938 Martin joined his father in London, working in his clothing factory, before moving to Glasgow in 1941 where he worked as a correspondent with the Daily Express. In 1941, Martin married Elizabeth Richenda Powell, great-granddaughter of the Quaker Elizabeth Fry. They had one son, Jan. Martin returned to London, working for the BBC until 1944. From 1945-47 he was literary editor of Reynold's News. In 1948 he travelled to India as British correspondent for the Daily Express.[2]

Martin and his family settled in Australia from 1950, settling in Melbourne, where Martin commenced work as a freelance journalist and editor of the Australian Jewish News. He joined the Communist Party in 1951, was active until 1956 and remained a member until 1959, when he was asked to resign. He had weekly current affairs columns in Free Press (1951–52) and the Sunday Observer (1969–71) and was foreign correspondent for the Indian newspaper Hindu (c1946-67) and for the Canadian newspaper the Montreal Star (c1966-69). In addition, he contributed an enormous number of articles, short stories and reviews to a variety of newspapers and journals, including Overland, Meanjin, Southerly and Quadrant, covering a diverse range of topics.[2]

In 1988, Martin was made a Member of the Order of Australia for his services to Australian literature.[1] He also won the Patrick White Award in 1991 and was given an Emeritus Award by the Literature Fund of the Australia Council in 1996. David Martin died in Beechworth, Victoria, on 1 July 1997.[2]

One of his grandchildren, Toby Martin, is the guitarist and frontman of the rock band Youth Group.

Works[edit]

  • Battlefields and Girls (1942)
  • Tiger Bay (1946)
  • The Shoes Men Walk In (1946)
  • The Shepherd and the Hunter (1946)
  • Birth of a Miner (1949)
  • The Stones of Bombay (1950)
  • From Life (1953)
  • Rob the Robber (1954)
  • Poems of David Martin 1938-58 (1958)
  • Spiegel the Cat (1961)
  • The Young Wife (1962)
  • Eight by Eight (1963)
  • The Hero of Too (1965)
  • The Gift: Poems 1959-65 (1966)
  • The King Between (1967)
  • The Idealist (1968)
  • Where a Man Belongs (1969)
  • On the Road to Sydney (1970)
  • Hughie (1971)
  • Frank and Francesca (1972)
  • Gary (1972)
  • The Chinese Boy (1973)
  • The Cabby’s Daughter (1974)
  • Katie (1974)
  • Mister P and his Remarkable Flight (1975)
  • The Devilish Mystery of the Flying Mum (1977)
  • The Man in the Red Turban (1978)
  • I’ll Take Australia (1978)
  • The Mermaid Attack (1978)
  • I Rhyme My Time (1980)
  • Foreigners (1981)
  • Peppino (1983)
  • Armed Neutrality for Australia (1984)
  • The Girl Who Didn't Know Kelly (1985)
  • Fox On My Door (1987)
  • The Kitten Who Wouldn’t Purr (1987)
  • Clowning Sim (1988)
  • My strange Friend: An Autobiography (1991)
  • David Martin’s Beechworth book: poems (1993) [2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Martin, David". It's An Honour: Australia Celebrating Australians. Australian Government. 26 January 1988. Retrieved 23 Mar 2016. AM. AD88. For Service To Australian Literature
  2. ^ a b c d e "Biographical Note". MS 6885 Papers of David Martin (1915 - 1997). National Library of Australia. 13 Nov 2003. Retrieved 23 Mar 2016.