Miscavige in 2011
|Relatives||Ron Miscavige (father)Jenna Miscavige Hill (niece)|
|Church||Church of Scientology|
|Title||Chairman of the Board, Religious Technology Center|
David Miscavige (//; born April 30, 1960) is the leader of the Church of Scientology. His official title is Chairman of the Board of the Religious Technology Center (RTC), a corporation that controls the trademarks and copyrights of Dianetics and Scientology. Miscavige was a deputy to Church founder L. Ron Hubbard (a "Commodore's messenger") while he was a teenager. He rose to a leadership position by the early 1980s and was named Chairman of the Board of RTC in 1987, the year after Hubbard's death. Official church biographies describe Miscavige as "the ecclesiastical leader of the Scientology religion".
Since he assumed his leadership position, there have been a number of allegations made against Miscavige. These include claims of forced separation of family members, coercive fundraising practices, harassment of journalists and church critics, and emotional and physical abuse of subordinates by Miscavige. Miscavige and church spokespersons deny the majority of these claims, often criticizing the credibility of those who bring them.
David Miscavige was born in 1960 in Bristol Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, to the Roman Catholic Polish-Italian family of Ronald and Loretta Miscavige. Miscavige and his twin sister, Denise, were raised primarily in Willingboro Township, New Jersey.
As a child, Miscavige played baseball and football, but he suffered from asthma and severe allergies. His father, a trumpet player, became interested in Scientology, and he sent the younger Miscavige to see a Scientologist. According to both father and son, a 45-minute Dianetics session cured his ailments.
Miscavige's family joined the Church of Scientology in 1971 and eventually moved to the church's world headquarters in Saint Hill Manor, England. By the age of twelve, Miscavige was conducting Scientology auditing sessions. Saint Hill served as his own training ground as an auditor, and he is remembered by the Church as the "12-year-old prodigy" who became the youngest professional Scientology auditor. The family returned to Philadelphia within a few years, where Miscavige attended Marple Newtown High School.
In 1976, on his sixteenth birthday, Miscavige left high school with his father's permission to move to Clearwater, Florida and joined the Sea Org, a Scientologist religious order established in 1968 by Church founder L. Ron Hubbard. Some of his earliest jobs in the Sea Org included delivering telexes, groundskeeping, food service and taking photographs for Scientology brochures. Miscavige then joined a group of young Scientologists called the Commodore's Messenger Organization (CMO). The group started with running Hubbard's errands, but as they grew into adolescence, Hubbard increased their influence.
Leadership in Scientology
By 1977, Miscavige was living in La Quinta, California and working directly under Hubbard as a cameraman for Scientology training films. Hubbard appointed Miscavige to the CMO, responsible for enforcing Hubbard's policies within the individual Scientology organizations; Miscavige became head of the CMO in 1979. By 1980, Hubbard was no longer appearing at public functions related to Scientology, and by some accounts Miscavige took effective control of the organization at this time. In 1981, Miscavige was placed in charge of the Watchdog Committee and the All Clear Unit, with the task of handling the various legal claims against Hubbard. He also became in charge of Author Services, Inc., an entity to manage Hubbard's literary and financial affairs, which was established in the same year.
After the Guardian's Office's (GO) criminal involvement in Operation Snow White, Miscavige persuaded Mary Sue Hubbard to resign from the GO and purged several top GO officials through ethics proceedings. The St. Petersburg Times, in a 1998 article "The Man Behind Scientology," says: "During two heated encounters, Miscavige persuaded Mary Sue Hubbard to resign. Together they composed a letter to Scientologists confirming her decision – all without ever talking to L. Ron Hubbard." She subsequently changed her mind, believing that she had been tricked. Despite this, Miscavige claims he and Mary Sue Hubbard remained friends thereafter.
In 1982, Miscavige set up a new organizational structure to release Hubbard from personal liability and to handle the Scientology founder's personal wealth through a corporate entity outside of the Scientology organization. He established the Religious Technology Center (RTC), in charge of licensing Scientology's intellectual property, and Author Services Inc. to manage the proceeds. Miscavige has held the title of Chairman of the Board of the RTC since the organization's founding. The Church of Spiritual Technology (CST) was created at the same time with an option to repurchase all of RTC's intellectual property rights. In a 1982 probate case, Ronald DeWolf, Hubbard's estranged son, accused Miscavige of embezzling from and manipulating his father. Hubbard denied this in a written statement, saying that his business affairs were being well managed by Author Services Inc., of which Miscavige was also Chairman of the Board. In the same document, Hubbard called Miscavige a "trusted associate" and "good friend" who had kept his affairs in good order. A judge ruled the statement was authentic. The case was dismissed on June 27, 1983.
In October 1982, Miscavige required Scientology Missions to enter new trademark usage contracts which established stricter policies on the use of Scientology materials. Over the two years following the formation of the RTC, Miscavige and his team replaced most of Scientology's upper and middle management. A number of those ousted attempted to establish breakaway organizations, such as the Advanced Ability Center led by David Mayo, a former RTC board member who had also been Hubbard's personal auditor. The Advanced Ability Center closed in 1984, two years after opening.
When Hubbard died in 1986, Miscavige announced Hubbard's death to Scientologists at the Hollywood Palladium. Shortly before Hubbard died, an apparent order from him circulated in the Sea Org that promoted Scientologist Pat Broeker and his wife to the new rank of Loyal Officer, making them the highest-ranking members; Miscavige asserted this order had been forged. After Hubbard's death, Miscavige assumed the position of head of the Scientology organization. Miscavige holds the rank of Captain, and is the highest-ranking member of the Sea Org.
Relationship with the IRS
In 1991, Miscavige, together with Marty Rathbun, visited the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) headquarters in Washington D.C. to arrange a meeting with Commissioner Fred T. Goldberg, Jr.. For more than two decades, the IRS had refused to recognize Scientology as a nonprofit charitable organization, a status granted to most established religious organizations. Prior to this meeting, Scientology had filed more than fifty lawsuits against the IRS and, according to The New York Times:
"Scientology's lawyers hired private investigators to dig into the private lives of IRS officials and to conduct surveillance operations to uncover potential vulnerabilities... [and] taken documents from an I.R.S. conference and sent them to church officials and created a phony news bureau in Washington to gather information on church critics. The church also financed an organization of I.R.S. whistle-blowers that attacked the agency publicly."
At the meeting with Commissioner Goldberg, Miscavige offered to cease Scientology's suits against the IRS in exchange for tax exemptions. This led to a two-year negotiating process, in which IRS tax analysts were ordered to ignore the substantive issues because the issues had been resolved prior to review. Ultimately, Scientology was granted recognition as a nonprofit religious or charitable organization in the U.S., which creates a tax exemption for the Church of Scientology International and its organizations, and tax deductions for those who contribute to their programs. Senior Scientology officials and the IRS later issued a statement that the ruling was based on a two-year inquiry and voluminous documents that showed the Church was qualified for the exemptions.
To announce the settlement with the IRS, Miscavige gathered a reported 10,000 members of Scientology in the Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena, where he delivered a two-and-a-half-hour address and proclaimed, "The war is over!" The crowd gave Miscavige an ovation that lasted more than ten minutes.
Current role in Scientology
As Chairman of the Board of the RTC, Miscavige works primarily from Scientology's Gold Base near Hemet, California. Scientologists often refer to him as "DM", or "C.O.B.", for Chairman of the Board. In their 2007 book, Extraordinary Groups: An Examination of Unconventional Lifestyles, W. W. Zellner and Richard T. Schaefer noted that, "David Miscavige has been the driving force behind the Church of Scientology for the past two decades" and that, "Miscavige's biography and speeches are second only to Hubbard in dominating the official Scientology Web site. [...] He is acknowledged as the ultimate ecclesiastical authority regarding the standard and pure application of L. Ron Hubbard's religious theories."
Miscavige is portrayed within Scientology as "a servant of Hubbard's message, not an agent in his own right". Official Scientology websites describe him as Hubbard's "trusted friend". Miscavige uses Church publications as well as professionally produced videos of gala events, at which he acts as master of ceremonies, to communicate with Scientologists worldwide. As the RTC's Chairman of the Board, his primary task is to "preserve, maintain and protect" the Scientology religion.
Among Miscavige's initiatives is a long-term project of issuing unreleased and corrected editions of Hubbard's books and restoring L. Ron Hubbard lectures, including translating many works into other languages. Another initiative by Miscavige, launched in 2003, is to build new or remodeled churches of Scientology, called "Ideal Orgs", in every major city in the world. Since then, over seventy new or remodeled churches have been opened, including facilities in Washington DC,Madrid, New York City, London, Berlin, Mexico City, Rome, Tel Aviv, Atlanta, Miami, and San Diego. In 2012, Miscavige also opened Scientology's "National Affairs Office" in Washington D.C., which he declared to be, "An office designed to give back to a United States government that steadfastly guaranteed our religious rights, the very freedom that allows us to do what we are doing today." Scientology says the National Affairs Office was built "to oversee programs around the country and the world dealing with human rights, drug addiction, literacy and disaster response".
One of the largest projects of Miscavige's career is the Flag Building, also called the "Super Power Building", which is described as the spiritual headquarters for the Scientology religion. It is the largest of Scientology's properties in Clearwater, Florida. The 377,000 square foot structure is reportedly outfitted with custom-built equipment designed to administer the supposedly perception-enhancing "Super Power Rundown" to high-level Scientologists. The building was scheduled for completion in 2003, but underwent ten years of delays and re-designs as Scientology completed two other major construction and restoration projects in the same area ahead of it, the Fort Harrison Hotel and the Oak Cove Hotel. Miscavige inaugurated the Flag Building on November 17, 2013.
Scientology launched the Scientology Network, a DIRECTV broadcast and OTT streaming service on March 12, 2018, with Miscavige introducing its inaugural broadcast in a rare on-camera appearance. The network is produced by Scientology Media Productions in Los Angeles, a facility opened by the Church in May 2016. Addressing the crowd at the SMP opening, Miscavige called the channel, "Our uncorrupted communication line to the billions. Because as the saying goes, if you don't write your own story, someone else will."
Media coverage and criticism
Since Miscavige assumed his leadership role in Scientology, the press has reported accounts alleging illegal and unethical practices by the Church or by Miscavige himself. A 1991 Time magazine cover story on Scientology described Miscavige as "ringleader" of a "hugely profitable global racket that survives by intimidating members and critics in a Mafia-like manner". Miscavige stated in a 1992 interview on Nightline—his only live televised interview to date—that the publication of the article resulted from a request by Eli Lilly, because of "the damage we had caused to their killer drug Prozac". According to a 1994 article in Regardies magazine by journalist Patrick J. Kiger, Eli Lilly's public relations agency Hill & Knowlton, which is owned by the British conglomerate the WPP Group, was pressured by Eli Lilly to drop Scientology as a client just before the Time article was published. After the Time article, Miscavige stated that, "Eli Lilly ordered a reprint of 750,000 copies of Time magazine before it came out." Scientology filed a suit against Lilly, J. Walter Thompson, Hill & Knowlton and the WPP Group. The case was settled for an undisclosed amount.
In 1998, the St. Petersburg Times published "The Man Behind Scientology", a story based on six hours of interviews with Miscavige. In this first-ever newspaper interview, Miscavige talked about his rise to leadership, creating peace and resolving conflicts, and Scientology in Clearwater. The reporters, Tom Tobin and Joe Childs, said of Miscavige that he was "not only the founder's protege and trusted aide, he is to Scientologists what the pope is to Catholics – a leader who sets the tone, establishes goals and ensures that Hubbard's practices and teachings are followed with precision".
Tobin and Childs have continued to report on Miscavige in subsequent years. In 2009, the St. Petersburg Times published a series titled "The Truth Rundown," which featured allegations by former high-ranking executives of Scientology that Miscavige had repeatedly humiliated and physically beaten his staff, and had confined Scientology staff members in degrading conditions in a Church-owned property known as "The Hole". The series included interviews with Mike Rinder, former official spokesperson for Scientology and director of the Church's Office of Special Affairs, and Mark Rathbun, the former Inspector General of the RTC. Rinder has said that he was physically assaulted by Miscavige on about fifty occasions. These allegations have been supported by other former Scientologists: Lawrence Wright, author of Going Clear, interviewed twelve individuals who reported having been personally attacked by Miscavige and twenty-one people who say they have witnessed such attacks. Scientology denies all of these reports.
Similar charges have been reported in previous years. In 1987, the BBC Panorama program Scientology: The Road to Total Freedom? featured an interview with former member Don Larson, who described Miscavige's physical violence towards a staff member. In a 1995 interview for ITV, Stacy Young, Miscavige's former secretary and the ex-wife of Hubbard's former spokesman, Robert Vaughn Young, asserted that Miscavige emotionally tormented staff members on a regular basis. "His viciousness and his cruelty to staff was unlike anything that I had ever experienced in my life," she said. "He just loved to degrade the staff." In an incident also witnessed and supported by Amy Scobee, Jeff Hawkins, a former marketing guru for Scientology, claimed to have attended a meeting where Miscavige "jumped up on the conference room table, like with his feet right on the conference room table, launched himself across the table at me—I was standing—battered my face, and then shoved me down on the floor".
Scientology representatives have consistently denied such accusations, insisting that the allegations come from apostates motivated by bitterness or attempting to extract money from the Church. Hawkins' claims were responded to by Scientology when he reiterated them in a documentary, saying they were "fabricated" and referring to him as "a discredited anti-Scientology media source". Scientology executive David Bloomberg claimed that it was Hawkins who became belligerent and attacked Miscavige. An issue of the Church's Freedom magazine was dedicated to praising Miscavige and attacking the "Truth Rundown" series, featuring articles titled "Merchants of Chaos: Journalistic Double-dealing at the St. Petersburg Times" and "The Bigotry Behind the Times' Facade of Responsible Journalism." Miscavige sent an open letter to the newspaper challenging the integrity of the reporters and labeling their sources as "lying" after the persons in question had been removed from the organization for "fundamental crimes against the Scientology religion". Scientology also commissioned an independent review of the Times's reporting, but have not, to date, released those findings.
"Inside Scientology: The Truth Rundown" was recognized with journalistic honors, including the 2010 Gold Medal for Public Service award from the Florida Society of News Editors. The series was cited as a basis for subsequent journalistic investigations, including a weeklong series hosted on CNN by Anderson Cooper.
Though Miscavige and Scientology have been the subject of much press attention, he has rarely spoken directly to the press. Exceptions include the aforementioned 1992 interview on Nightline, the aforementioned 1998 newspaper interview with the St. Petersburg Times, and a 1998 appearance in an A&E Investigative Reports installment called "Inside Scientology".
Family and personal life
Miscavige is married to fellow Sea Org member Michele Diane "Shelly" Miscavige, who has not been seen in public since August 2007. Multiple sources have alleged she disappeared from Gold Base shortly after she "filled several job vacancies without her husband's permission". In July 2012, responding to press accounts of speculation on Shelly's whereabouts, lawyers who said they represented her informed two UK newspapers that "she is not missing and devotes her time to the work of the Church of Scientology". In 2013, in the Los Angeles Times, Andrew Blankstein reported, based on anonymous sources from the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD), that the department had closed their investigation following a missing-persons report filed by former Scientologist and actress Leah Remini, having "located and spoke[n]" to Shelly Miscavige. The LAPD declined to answer questions about the details of the report. Lawrence Wright reports that "former Sea Org members" say Shelly is being held under guard at Gold Base.
Miscavige's elder brother Ronald Miscavige Jr. served as an executive in the Sea Org for a time, but left Scientology in 2000. Miscavige's twin sister, Denise Licciardi, was hired by major Scientology donor Bryan Zwan as a top executive for the Clearwater, Florida-based company Digital Lightwave, where she was linked to an accounting scandal. Ronald Jr.'s daughter Jenna Miscavige Hill, niece of David Miscavige, remained in the Sea Org until 2005. She has since become an outspoken critic of Scientology, publishing a book about her experiences in 2013. In the book, titled Beyond Belief: My Secret Life Inside Scientology And My Harrowing Escape, she stated that her grandfather Ronald Miscavige Sr. left the Church in 2012 and is living with her father in Virginia.
In July 2013, Wisconsin police confronted Dwayne S. Powell after a suspicious person report. Powell said he had been hired at $10,000 a week to conduct full-time surveillance on the elder Miscavige for Scientology, which he said he had been doing for over a year. Los Angeles Times reporter Kim Christensen reports that David Miscavige and Scientology denied any connection to Powell. Gary Soter, a Church attorney, stated that the allegations were "blatantly false". Powell told police that on one occasion, he witnessed what he believed to be Ronald Sr. undergoing cardiac arrest. According to Powell, after immediately reporting the perceived emergency to his superiors, he received a call for further instructions from a man who identified himself as David Miscavige. According to the police report, Powell was instructed not to intervene in any way. Church spokesperson Karin Pouw asserted in an email that "no such conversation with Mr. Miscavige ever took place." Ron Miscavige and Dan Koon wrote Ruthless: Scientology, My Son David Miscavige, and Me, which was published in May 2016.
Miscavige is a firearms enthusiast who enjoys skeet shooting. In the 1998 St. Petersburg Times interview he named playing the piano, underwater photography, and trail biking as being among his hobbies.
- List of new religious movements
- List of Scientology officials
- My Scientology Movie
- Ruthless: Scientology, My Son David Miscavige, and Me
- Ortega, Tony (April 30, 2018). "David Miscavige turns 58 today, and we're celebrating with tales of birthdays past". The Underground Bunker. Tony Ortega. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
- Christensen, Dorthe Refund (2004). "Inventing L. Ron Hubbard". In James R. Lewis (scholar) (ed.). Controversial New Religions. Oxford University Press. p. 247. ISBN 0-19-515683-8.
- Young, Robert Vaughn (November–December 1993). "Scientology from inside out". Quill Magazine. 81 (9).
- Behar, Richard (May 6, 1991). "The Thriving Cult of Greed and Power". Time. Time Inc. Retrieved October 12, 2010.
- Zellner, William W.; Richard T. Schaefer (2007). "David Miscavige". In William W. Zellner (ed.). Extraordinary Groups: An Examination of Unconventional Lifestyles (8th ed.). Worth Publishers. pp. 285–286. ISBN 978-0-7167-7034-3.
- "Ex-members spar with Scientology over beating allegations". CNN. March 30, 2010. Archived from the original on February 9, 2012. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Joe Childs, Thomas C. Tobin (June 23, 2009). "A letter from David Miscavige". St Petersburg Times. Archived from the original on June 23, 2009. Retrieved June 23, 2009.
- Hoffman, Claire (December 18, 2005). "Tom Cruise and Scientology". Los Angeles Times. www.latimes.com. Retrieved October 12, 2010.
- Joe Childs, Thomas C. Tobin (June 23, 2009). "The Truth Run Down". St Petersburg Times. Archived from the original on February 9, 2013. Retrieved June 23, 2009.
- Joe Childs, Thomas C. Tobin (June 23, 2009). "Inside Scientology: A Times Investigation". St Petersburg Times. Archived from the original on January 14, 2012. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- Nark, Jason. "Father of Scientology's leader: 'I lost my family'". The (Philadelphia) Inquirer. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
- Thomas C. Tobin (October 25, 1998). "The man behind Scientology, part 2". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved August 27, 2007.
- Nark, Jason. "From here to Scientology: Worldwide leader David Miscavige's Philly-area roots", The Philadelphia Inquirer, January 3, 2012. Accessed April 9, 2013. "Miscavige's middle-class Catholic upbringing in Willingboro, N.J., abruptly changed four decades ago when his childhood asthma led the family to another utopian vision – that of L. Ron Hubbard."
- Nark, J. (January 3, 2012). "From here to Scientology: Worldwide leader David Miscavige's Philly-area roots". McClatchy – Tribune Business News. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
- Nark, Jason. "From here to Scientology: Worldwide leader David Miscavige's Philly-area roots". Retrieved November 23, 2015.
- Times Staff Writer (June 20, 2009). "David Miscavige bio, and bios of Scientology officials who defected". St. Petersburg Times. www.tampabay.com. Archived from the original on August 8, 2010. Retrieved October 12, 2010.
- Sappell, J., & Welkos, R. W. (June 24, 1990). The man in control series: The scientology story. today: The making of L. ron hubbard. first in a six-part series.NEXT: Part two-- the selling of scientology. Los Angeles Times (Pre-1997 Fulltext)
- Chryssides, George D. (2006). The A to Z of New Religious Movements. The Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. 163. ISBN 0-8108-5588-7.
- Sappell, Joel; Welkos, Robert W. (June 24, 1990). "The Man In Control". Los Angeles Times. p. A41:4. Retrieved June 6, 2006.
- Lamont, Stewart (1986). Religion Inc.: The Church of Scientology. London: Harrap. p. 95. ISBN 0-245-54334-1.
- Atack, Jon (1990). A Piece of Blue Sky. New York, NY: Carol Publishing Group. pp. 266–7. ISBN 0-8184-0499-X.
- Miller, Russell (1987). Bare-faced Messiah, The True Story of L. Ron Hubbard (First American ed.). New York: Henry Holt & Co. pp. 305–306, 369. ISBN 0-8050-0654-0.
- "The man behind Scientology". Retrieved May 13, 2011.
- "Mystery of the Vanished Ruler". Time. January 31, 1983. Retrieved August 10, 2007.
- Nordhausen, Frank; von Billerbeck, Liane (2008), Scientology. Wie der Sektenkonzern die Welt erobern will (in German), Berlin: Ch. Links Verlag, pp. 278, 288, 302, ISBN 978-3-86153-470-9
- Abgrall, Jean-Marie (1999). Soul Snatchers: The Mechanics of Cults. Algora Publishing. p. 294. ISBN 978-1-892941-04-6.
- American Society of Magazine Editors (2007). The Best American Magazine Writing 2007. Columbia University Press. pp. 311, 323. ISBN 978-0-231-14391-2.
- Atack, Jon (1990). "Chapter Four—The Young Rulers". A Piece of Blue Sky. Lyle Stuart. pp. 362, 448. ISBN 0-8184-0499-X.
- Gallagher, Eugene V.; W. Michael Ashcraft (2006). Introduction to New and Alternative Religions in America. Greenwood. pp. 98, 120, 173. ISBN 0-275-98717-5.
- Reitman, Janet (July 5, 2011). Inside Scientology. ISBN 978-0547549231.
- Frantz, Douglas (March 9, 1997). "Scientology's Puzzling Journey From Tax Rebel to Tax Exempt". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved January 22, 2008.
- Tobin, Thomas C. (October 25, 1998). "The man behind Scientology, part 4". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved August 27, 2007.
- Reitman, Janet (March 9, 2006). "Inside Scientology". Rolling Stone (995): 57. Archived from the original on March 31, 2009. Retrieved October 12, 2010.
- Streeter, Michael (2008). Behind Closed Doors. New Holland Publishers (UK) Ltd. p. 230. ISBN 978-1-84537-937-7.
- Frenschkowski, Marco (January 1, 2010). "Researching Scientology: Some Observations on Recent Literature, English and German". Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review. Academic Publishing. 1 (1): 36–37. doi:10.5840/asrr20101127. ISSN 1946-0538.
- Lewis, James R.; Olav Hammer (2007). The Invention of Sacred Tradition. Cambridge University Press. p. 36. ISBN 978-0-521-86479-4.
- Sappell, Joel. "Scientology Won't Set Me Free". Los Angeles Magazine. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
- "St. Petersburg Times: The man behind Scientology". Retrieved April 10, 2015.
- "New Churches of Scientology". Scientology. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
- "Where Spirituality Intersects With Human Brilliance: The New Church of Scientology Opens in Silicon Valley". Scientologynews.org. February 18, 2018. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
- Payne, Will (January 20, 2014). "The Church of Scientology Responds to "The Tip of the Spear"". Los Angeles Magazine. Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved January 30, 2014.
More than 30 new Ideal Churches opening in major cities throughout the United States and around the world. This year those new Churches opened in Hamburg, Germany; Florence, Kentucky; Sacramento, Orange County, San Jose and Los Gatos, California; Phoenix, Arizona; Denver, Colorado; Buffalo, New York; Padova, Italy; and our first in the Middle East, in Tel Aviv, Israel.
- "Founding Church of Scientology, Washington D.C., Ribbon Cutting". YouTube. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
- "'Church' that yearns for respectability". The Times. London. Retrieved April 27, 2011.
- "Scientology Opens New National Organization for Mexico in The City Of Palaces". Archived from the original on September 27, 2012. Retrieved April 27, 2011.
- "Scoop: Scientologists not anti-gay, official says – Entertainment – The Scoop". Today.msnbc.msn.com. Archived from the original on January 4, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
- Kalman, Matthew (November 11, 2012). "Scientology comes to Israel". The Independent. London. Retrieved January 30, 2014.
- FOX. "Georgia's first ideal Scientology Church Opens | WAGA". Fox5atlanta.com. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
- Rodriguezrrodriguez, Rene (May 1, 2017). "Church of Scientology opens massive new facility in Miami". Miami Herald. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
- Stone, Ken (November 24, 2016). "Inside Scientology's New Church at Old San Diego Home". Times of San Diego. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
- "Scientology Expands Its Presence in Washington". Washingtonian. September 14, 2012. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
- Zeller, Shawn (September 24, 2012). "Solons Salute Scientologists". CQ Weekly.
- Stacy, Mitch (September 23, 2007). "Fla. town comes to terms with status as Scientology mecca". Usatoday.Com. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
- Eric Goldschein (January 12, 2012). "The Scientology Building Where Members Will Receive 'Infinite Power' Is Finally About To Open – Business Insider". Articles.businessinsider.com. Archived from the original on January 18, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
- Farley, Robert (June 6, 2006). "Scientology nearly ready to unveil Super Power". St. Petersburg Times.
- "Cornerstone Newsletter", Church of Scientology Religious Trust, undated but published 2007
- Brassfield, Mike (March 21, 2009). "Scientology church gives Clearwater's Fort Harrison Hotel a $40M makeover – Tampa Bay Times". Tampabay.com. Archived from the original on January 19, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2014.
- Joe Childs; Charlie Frago (November 17, 2013). "Stars come out for dedication of Scientology's 'Super Power' building in Clearwater". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved January 31, 2014.
- "Church of Scientology Dedicates $145 Million 'Super Power' Building". ABC News. November 18, 2013. Retrieved January 30, 2014.
- "Church of Scientology Launches New Network Airing on DirectTV, Streaming Devices". KTLA. March 12, 2018. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
Posted 8:24 PM, March 12, 2018, by CNN Wire
- "Scientology Leader David Miscavige Makes Rare On-Camera Appearance as the Church Launches TV Network". People. March 15, 2018. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
- Elber, Lynn (March 12, 2018). "Church of Scientology launches TV channel". Washington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
- Grove, Lloyd (March 13, 2018). "David Miscavige Comes Out of the Shadows on the First Night of Scientology's TV Network". The Daily Beast. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
- Heller, Emily (March 23, 2018). "The Church of Scientology has launched a TV channel. It's weirdly familiar". Vox. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
- Chiland, Elijah (August 29, 2016). "What are Scientologists doing with their new LA film studio? - Curbed LA". La.curbed.com. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
- Gibson, Kate (March 12, 2018). "Scientology Network set for TV launch". CBS News. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
- "Scientology Opens $50 Million Movie And TV Studio Complex In Hollywood". Forbes.com. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
- ABC News. "Scientology Leader Gave ABC First-Ever Interview". ABC News. Retrieved April 10, 2015.
- Garcia, Wayne (July 7, 1994). "Church of Scientology settles suit with PR firm". St. Petersburg Times.
- Tobin, Thomas C. (October 25, 1998). "The Man Behind Scientology". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved January 22, 2008.
- Wright, Lawrence, Going Clear: Scientology, Hollywood and the Prison of Belief: New York: Knopf, 2013
- Tobin, Thomas C; Childs, Joe (January 13, 2013). "Scientology defectors describe violence, humiliation in "the Hole"". Tampa Bay Times.
- Davis, Matt (August 7, 2008). "Selling Scientology: A Former Scientologist Marketing Guru Turns Against the Church". Retrieved August 10, 2008.
- "Scientology – The Road to Total Freedom?". Panorama. April 27, 1987.
- "Inside the Cult". The Big Story. ITV. 1995.
- Tobin, Thomas; Childs, Joe (June 23, 2009). "Scientology: Ecclesiastical Justice, Part 3 of 3 in a special report on the Church of Scientology". Retrieved December 11, 2011.
- "Scientology: A History of Violence; Students Charged in Bullying Case (Transcript)". Anderson Cooper 360 Degrees. CNN. March 30, 2010. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- "The man behind Scientology". Retrieved April 9, 2011.
- "Scientology: Origins, celebrities and holdings". Archived from the original on May 26, 2010. Retrieved April 9, 2011.
- Erin Jensen, USA TODAY (December 21, 2016). "'Scientology' accuses church leader David Miscavige of physical abuse". Usatoday.com. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
- No author credited (2009). "Special Report: Inside the S.P. Times". Freedom Magazine.
- Finn, Scott (February 25, 2010). "Scientology Hires Reporters to Investigate St. Petersburg Times". WUSF Public Media. Archived from the original on July 6, 2010. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
- Urban, Hugh B. (March 17, 2010). "The Rundown Truth: Scientology Changes Strategy in War with Media". Religion Dispatches. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
- Sentinel Staff Report (June 18, 2010). "Orlando Sentinel wins 17 awards from Florida Society of News Editors". Orlando Sentinel. Florida: www.orlandosentinel.com. Archived from the original on May 21, 2016. Retrieved June 18, 2010.
- Florida Society of News Editors (June 18, 2010). "FSNE Gold Medal for Public Service". FSNE 2010 Journalism Awards. Florida: fsne.org. Archived from the original on June 24, 2010. Retrieved June 18, 2010.
Inside Scientology – The St. Petersburg Times reporting on the Church of Scientology is in the finest traditions of American journalism. The reporting by Joseph Childs and Thomas Tobin stands out for the ways in which it held accountable the powerful.
- "Winners of 76th Annual National Headliner Awards". The New York Times. March 24, 2010. Retrieved March 25, 2010.[dead link]
- "Print Division – Daily Newspapers and News Syndicates – Writing & Reporting". National Headliner Awards. www.nationalheadlinerawards.com. Archived from the original on March 25, 2010. Retrieved March 25, 2010.
- Koppel, Ted (February 14, 1992). "David Miscavige interview". Nightline. ABC News. Retrieved October 12, 2010.
- "InsidMe Scientology". Investigative Reports. A & E. December 14, 1998.
- Wright, Lawrence (2013). Going Clear: Scientology, Hollywood, and the Prison of Belief. Alfred A. Knopf. p. 303. ISBN 978-0-307-70066-7.
- Wright, Lawrence (February 14, 2011). "The Apostate". The New Yorker. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
According to Rinder and Brousseau, in June, 2006, while Miscavige was away from the Gold Base, his wife, Shelly, filled several job vacancies without her husband's permission. She disappeared soon after. Her current status is unknown. Tommy Davis told me, 'I definitely know where she is,' but he won't disclose where that is.
- "Mrs Shelly Miscavige". London: Telegraph. July 31, 2012. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
- Blankstein, Andrew (August 9, 2013). "Scientology leader's wife located by LAPD after Leah Remini inquiry". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
- Kelsey, Eric (August 8, 2013). "L.A. police close inquiry into Scientology leader's wife". Reuters. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
- Jacobsen, Jonny (January 28, 2008). "Niece of Scientology's leader backs Cruise biography". Agence France-Presse. Archived from the original on March 7, 2008. Retrieved March 11, 2008.
- O'Neil, Deborah; Kitty Bennett; Jeff Harrington (June 2, 2002). "The CEO and his church: Months of interviews and thousands of pages of court papers show the effect that influential church members had on a Clearwater company that was a darling of the dot-com boom". St. Petersburg Times. St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved October 12, 2010.
- Harrington, Jeff (May 10, 2003). "Digital Whistleblower Finally Wins". St. Petersburg Times. St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved June 11, 2011.
- Joe Childs; Thomas C. Tobin (February 8, 2013). "Niece of Scientology leader describes rocky youth in church". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- Pelisek, Christine (April 9, 2015). "Scientology Leader Hired Private Investigator to Spy on His Father, Police Report States". People Magazine. California. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
- Christensen, Kim (April 8, 2015). "Scientology head's father was spied on, police report says". The Los Angeles Times. California. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
- "Cops: Scientology leader's father was tracked". Today (NBC). April 9, 2015. Retrieved October 29, 2015.
- Miscavige, Ron; Koon, Dan (May 3, 2016). Ruthless: Scientology, My Son David Miscavige, and Me. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-1-250-09693-7.
- "John Sweeney revisits the Church of Scientology". BBC News. BBC. September 26, 2010. Retrieved October 15, 2010.
|Wikinews has news on this topic:|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: David Miscavige|
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to David Miscavige.|
- davidmiscavige.org Official website
- Church of Scientology David Miscavige page
- Religious Technology Center, official biography of Miscavige
- "Interview with Scientology Leader", a 1992 televised interview with David Miscavige in Nightline
- "The Man Behind Scientology", a 1998 interview with David Miscavige in the St. Petersburg Times
- "The Truth Rundown", investigative reports and interviews about Scientology, largely focused on Miscavige, St. Petersburg Times, June–August 2009