David Mocatta

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David Alfred Mocatta
Born(1806-02-17)17 February 1806
Princes Gate, London
Died(1882-05-01)1 May 1882
NationalityBritish
OccupationArchitect
BuildingsMontefiore Synagogue, Brighton Regency Synagogue
ProjectsStations for the London and Brighton Railway

David Alfred Mocatta (1806–1882) was a British architect and a member of the Anglo-Jewish Mocatta family.

Early career[edit]

Mocatta's station at Brighton (1841)
Synagogue and tomb of Moses Montefiore in Ramsgate

David Alfred Mocatta was born to a Sephardic Jewish family in 1806, the son of the licensed bullion broker Moses Mocatta (1768–1857) and Abigail Lindo (1775–1824). He also was a grandson of the prominent financier Abraham Lumbroso de Matos Mocatta (1730–1800).[1][2] He studied in London from 1821 to 1827 under Sir John Soane[3][4] and then travelled in Italy during 1829–30.[3] By 1839 he was in practice together with W.J. Mocatta at 32 Brunswick Square in Bloomsbury where he remained until 1846, before moving to 57 Old Broad Street in the City of London. His synagogue in Ramsgate for Moses Montefiore (1833) was possibly the first in England to be designed by a Jewish architect.[5] The West London Synagogue of British Jews commissioned Mocatta to design both their temporary premises in Burton Street (1841) and their building in Margaret Street (1851). The latter was a substantial structure, seating 400 and costing more than £4,000.[5] He was elected a Fellow of the Institute of British Architects (later the RIBA) in 1836,[3] and was an early member of its council.[5]

Railway architecture[edit]

Mocatta was appointed architect of the London and Brighton Railway in 1839, designing the company's headquarters at Brighton railway station and ten other intermediate stations on the line.[6] Brighton Station was said to have many similarities to the Nine Elms railway station of the London and Southampton Railway (1838) designed by Sir William Tite.[7] The intermediate stations were notable as they were constructed according to a standard plan and layout usually in the Italianate style. Mocatta also designed balustrades and a set of eight Italianate pavilions to ornament John Urpeth Rastrick's Ouse Valley Viaduct for the L&BR.[8]

Mocatta was also involved with Charles Pearson's scheme for a Central London Railway station in Farringdon Street and drew up plans circa 1845, but this scheme was never implemented.[8]

Later career[edit]

Mocatta provided the winning entry for a competition to design the London Fever Hospital in 1848. He also drew up designs for Stowlangtoft Hall in Suffolk, c. 1846, and the present building (built 1859) was possibly built from his designs.[9] He retired from architecture early, during the 1850s having inherited the family fortunes.[5]

In later years he became Senior Trustee of the Soane Museum. He was a founder member of the West London Synagogue, eventually becoming chairman of its council.[5] Mocatta House, a modern office development in Trafalgar Place, Brighton is named after him.

Works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jewish Currents: "A Golden Age of Jewish Architects" by Abbott Gorin[permanent dead link] Spring 2015
  2. ^ Orbell, John. "Mocatta family (per. 1671–1957)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/53953. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  3. ^ a b c Brodie, 2001, page 194
  4. ^ Kadish, 2002
  5. ^ a b c d e Jamilly, Edward. "Anglo-Jewish Architects and Architecture in the 18th and 19th Centuries" (Paper read before the Jewish Historical Society of England on 8 March 1954). Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ Brighton & Hove Museums, The Royal Pavilion, Libraries & Museums Collections
  7. ^ Cole (1958), pp.150.
  8. ^ a b Cole (1958), pp.151-55.
  9. ^ Cole (1958), p.156.

Sources and further reading[edit]

  • Brodie, Antonia (2001). Directory of British Architects 1834-1914, L-Z. London & New York: Continuum. p. 194. ISBN 0-8264-5514-X.
  • Cole, David (1958). "Mocatta's stations for the Brighton Railway". Journal of transport history. Manchester: Manchester University Press. 5: 149–157. ISSN 0022-5266.
  • Colvin, H.M. (1997). A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-07207-4.
  • Kadish, Sharman (2002). "Construction Identity; Anglo Jewry and Synagogue Architecture". Architectural History. 45: 386–408.