David Poe Jr.

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David Poe Jr.
Born (1784-07-18)July 18, 1784
Baltimore, Maryland
Died December 11, 1811(1811-12-11) (aged 27) (disputed)
Occupation Actor
Spouse(s) Eliza Poe (1806-1811; her death)
Children William Henry Leonard Poe
Edgar Allan Poe
Rosalie Mackenzie Poe (?)
Parent(s) David Poe Sr.
Elizabeth Cairnes

David Poe Jr. (July 18, 1784 – December 11, 1811 [speculative]) was an American actor and the father of Edgar Allan Poe.

Biography[edit]

Poe was born in Baltimore, Maryland. His father, David Poe Sr., was well known for his patriotic self-sacrifice as a quartermaster during the American Revolution, paying for supplies out of his own pocket, including $500 for clothing for the troops. Poe Sr.'s commitment had earned the respect and friendship of the Marquis de la Fayette[1] and the honorary title of 'General'.[2] The younger David Poe, on the other hand, defied his family's wishes to become a lawyer and became an actor instead.

In 1806, David Jr. married Elizabeth "Eliza" Arnold Hopkins, whose first husband, Charles Hopkins, had died six months before. Poe was considered an inferior actor compared to his young wife, possibly due to stage fright.[3] One critic[who?] said of Eliza and David, "the lady was young and pretty, and evinced talent both as a singer and actress; the gentleman was literally nothing."[citation needed] The couple's eldest child, William Henry Leonard Poe, was born in Boston, Massachusetts on January 30, 1807, just nine months after their wedding.

Playbill for The Curfew, May 27, 1807, presented "For the Benefit of Mr. and Mrs. Poe"

After the birth of their second son Edgar on January 19, 1809, the family ran low on money. A bad-tempered alcoholic for most of his adult life, David Jr. abandoned the stage and his family some time before July 1809, disappearing from historical record. In David's absence, Eliza gave birth to a third child, a daughter, in December 1810, but the true paternity of Rosalie Poe remains uncertain.[4] Her brother Edgar Allan Poe clearly names Rosalie Poe as his sister and daughter of David Poe Jr.[5]

In a 1835 letter from Edgar Allan Poe, he wrote, "My father David died in the second year of my age, and when my sister Rosalie was an infant in arms".[6] According to author Susan Talley Weiss, Poe died on December 11, 1811, only three days after Eliza's death.

After Eliza's death in 1811, the three children were split up. Henry lived with his paternal grandparents in Baltimore, Edgar was fostered by John and Frances Allan in Richmond, and Rosalie was adopted by William and Jane Scott Mackenzie, also in Richmond.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Silverman, Kenneth. Edgar A. Poe: Mournful and Never-ending Remembrance. New York: Harper Perennial, 1991: 25. ISBN 0-06-092331-8
  2. ^ Meyers, Jeffrey. Edgar Allan Poe: His Life and Legacy. New York: Cooper Square Press, 1992: 2. ISBN 0-8154-1038-7
  3. ^ Christoffer Hallqvist (February 7, 2006). "Eliza". The Poe Decoder. Retrieved March 25, 2011. 
  4. ^ "The Other Poe". Edgar Allan Poe Museum. Retrieved 16 August 2014. 
  5. ^ Edgar ALlan Poe letter of August 20, 1835
  6. ^ Edgar Allan Poe letter to "Wm. Poe", August 20, 1835

References[edit]