David Pritchard (chess player)
David B. Pritchard
|Born||19 October 1919|
|Died||12 December 2005 (aged 86)|
|Subject||Games, chess, chess variants|
|Notable works||The Encyclopedia of Chess Variants|
David Brine Pritchard (19 October 1919 – 12 December 2005) was a British chess player, chess writer and indoor games consultant. He gained pre-eminence as an indoor games and mind sports consultant, a role that he in effect created. A natural games player, it was to him that inventors or publishers would turn to organise a championship of a new game, write about it or generally promote it.
Though nearly a million copies of his chess books have been sold, Pritchard is best known for authoring The Encyclopedia of Chess Variants, in which he describes more than 1400 different variants.
In addition to authoring books on games, Pritchard was editor of Games & Puzzles magazine from 1972 to 1981. He was also a games director for the Mind Sports Organisation, and president of the British Chess Variants Society.
During and after the Second World War Pritchard was an RAF pilot who served mainly in the Far East, obtaining the rank of squadron leader. During his RAF service he won the chess championships of Singapore (1954) and Malaysia (1955).
As a chess player in Britain, Pritchard had some successes, beating British grandmasters Jonathan Penrose and Tony Miles, winning the Southern Counties Championship, and winning multiple Battle of Britain Chess Competitions—an organisation for which he was president. Pritchard's interests extended beyond chess to other indoor games.
Pritchard's earliest writings were chess texts for beginners. Begin Chess and The Right Way to Play Chess, first published in the 1950s, have since sold hundreds of thousands of copies.
Pritchard also wrote on other games, such as go, shogi, xiangqi and Mahjong. He edited two magazines, The Gamer and Games & Puzzles, with a similarly broad scope and served as games director of the Mind Sports Olympiad.
Pritchard served as president of the British Chess Variants Society and invented several such games. The Encyclopaedia of Chess Variants (1994) which discusses more than 1400 different variants is considered to be his magnum opus and the definitive work in the field. This was followed by Popular Chess Variants (2000), covering 20 games in greater depth. A second edition of The Encyclopaedia of Chess Variants was close to completion at the time of Pritchard's death. Following work by John Beasley it was published in 2007 with the title The Classified Encyclopedia of Chess Variants.
- The Right Way to Play Chess (orig pub. 1950; 2000), ISBN 1-58574-046-2
- Play Chess (1960), ISBN 978-0716000266
- Begin Chess (1970), ISBN 978-0-7160-2100-1
- Go: A Guide to the Game (1973), ISBN 978-0571099559
- Puzzles and Teasers for Everyone (Ed., 1974) ISBN 978-0716006046
- Modern Board Games (Ed., 1975), ISBN 978-0860020592
- Oriental Board Games (booklet, 1977), ISBN 978-0715805244
- Popular Indoor Games (1977), ASIN B000PQ50XG
- Puzzles and Teasers for the Easy Chair (orig pub. 1977; 1988), ISBN 0-7160-0796-7
- Brain Games: The World's Best Games for Two (1982), ISBN 0-14-005682-3
- Five-Minute Games (1984), ISBN 978-0713514940
- Puzzles for Geniuses (1984), ISBN 0-13-744632-2
- Puzzles for Geniuses: Vol II (with Darryl Francis Pritchard, 1984), ASIN B000OIWREU
- First Moves: How to Start a Chess Game (1986), ISBN 0-06-463718-2
- Beginning Chess (1992), ISBN 0-451-17438-0
- The Encyclopedia of Chess Variants (1994), ISBN 0-9524142-0-1
- The Family Book of Games (1994), ISBN 1-86019-021-9
- Card Games (booklet, 1995), ISBN 0-7136-3816-8
- Patience Games (with David Parlett, 1996), ISBN 0-7136-4208-4
- Popular Chess Variants (2000), ISBN 0-7134-8578-7
- Honeycomb Chess (with Douglas Graham Reid, 2002), ISBN 0-9524142-1-X
- The New Mahjong: The International Game (2004), ISBN 978-0716021643
- A Family Book of Games (2007), ISBN 1-902407-52-0
- Teach Yourself Mahjong (2007), ISBN 0-07-147882-5
- The Classified Encyclopedia of Chess Variants (2007), ISBN 0-9555168-0-3
British Chess Variants Society
The British Chess Variants Society (or BCVS) was an association of chess variant players and developers formally active between 1997 and 2010., and David Pritchard was its inaugural president.
Starting in 1996, the Society (at the time only provisionally constituted) published Variant Chess (ISSN 0958-8248), a quarterly chess variant magazine. (The magazine predated the formation of the Society, having been established by chess writer George Jelliss in 1990.) The Society also established a chess variant library containing some 120 subject items in a variety of languages.
- David Pritchard. The Times (London). Features; p. 66. 17 January 2006.
- "Interview with David Pritchard". The Chess Variant Pages. 1999. Archived from the original on 27 September 2009. Retrieved 13 November 2008.
- British Chess Variants Society Bcvsukf.net Archived 7 February 2006 at the Wayback Machine. "David Pritchard’s files have been prepared for transfer to the Musée Suisse du Jeu, where they will be kept in the Ken Whyld Library and made available to future researchers." "Site updated 17 January 2010", retrieved 13 March 2010
- The second edition of The Encyclopedia of Chess Variants, edited and completed by John Beasley after Pritchard's death.
- George Jelliss (Autumn 1996). "Formation of a Society for the Study and Promotion of Chess Variants" (PDF). Variant Chess. Vol. 3, no. 21. p. 1. ISSN 0958-8248. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 June 2021. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
- George Jelliss (Spring 1997). "Formation of the B. C. V. S." (PDF). Variant Chess. Vol. 3, no. 23. p. 1. ISSN 0958-8248. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 June 2021. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
- John Beasley (August 2010). "BCVS Notices" (PDF). Variant Chess. p. 244. ISSN 0958-8248. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 June 2021. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
- Hans Bodlaender. "The British Chess Variant Society". The Chess Variant Pages. Archived from the original on 11 January 2021. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
- Hans Bodlaender. "Interview with David Pritchard". The Chess Variant Pages. Archived from the original on 1 June 2021. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
- William Hartston (18 September 2011). "Chess". The Independent. Archived from the original on 24 June 2021. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
- Kerry Handscomb (Winter 2000). "Mini-Reviews & News" (PDF). Abstract Games. No. 4. p. 2. ISSN 1492-0492. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 June 2021. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
- George Jelliss (January 1990). "Editorial" (PDF). Variant Chess. Vol. 1, no. 1. p. 1. ISSN 0958-8248. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 June 2021. Retrieved 16 June 2021.