David Ross (businessman)
|Born||David Peter John Ross
10 July 1965
|Alma mater||University of Nottingham|
|Occupation||Chartered accountant, co-founder of Carphone Warehouse|
|Net worth||£1.0 billion (April 2015)|
|Relatives||Carl Ross (grandfather)|
David Peter John Ross (born 10 July 1965) is an English businessman and one of the co-founders (with Charles Dunstone and Guy Johnson) of Carphone Warehouse. At the peak valuation of his business interests in 2008, Ross was one of the 100 richest people in the United Kingdom. In 2008, Forbes ranked him #843 in the world's richest billionaires; his net worth was estimated at US$1.4 billion. In April 2015, the Sunday Times estimated his net worth at £1.0 billion
Ross was born on 10 July 1965. He is a grandson of Carl Ross, who created one of the UK's largest commercial fishing firms from the family business, which eventually became Ross Group, and took over the Great Grimsby Coal, Salt and Tanning Company (known as Cosalt), which was founded in 1873 as a cooperative that supplied fishing fleets. Both businesses were listed on the London Stock Exchange.
Ross was educated at Uppingham School. At the age of 16, his father sent him to work on a building site in Algeria, which he later described: "It was a defining moment because it was so bad I had to get away from it and be able to control my destiny". He graduated with a BA degree in law from the University of Nottingham and worked at Arthur Andersen from 1988, qualifying as a Chartered Accountant in 1991.
Ross had become friends with Charles Dunstone while at Uppingham. Dunstone went on to found Carphone Warehouse from a flat in Marylebone Road, London, using £6000 of his savings. Two years later, he asked Ross to join the business as finance director.[a] Four years later, the business had twenty stores and thereafter continued to grow rapidly through a process of both acquisition and internal development.
While Dunstone became the public face of Carphone Warehouse, Ross (described by Dunstone as his "secret weapon"), developed and drove the high-street retail footprint of the company by buying Tandy in the UK, and developing markets in Europe and the United States. The business also expanded into other telecommunications areas, establishing the TalkTalk ISP in 2003 and taking over other providers such as AOL. When Ross assisted the IPO of Carphone Warehouse in 2000, the company had been so successful that the partners had not needed to borrow or involve outsiders: Dunstone owned half, Ross a third, and Guy Johnson most of the rest.
Ross was finance director from 1991 until 1996 and then joint-Chief Operating Officer of the company until 2003. He started to reduce his role from 2003, was appointed deputy chairman in July 2005 and by 2008 was a non-executive director.[b]
The successful involvement of Ross in Carphone Warehouse created a demand for his services at other businesses. He was the chairman of National Express Group from 2001[c] and also had directorships of several other companies, including publishing and newspaper group Trinity Mirror, Big Yellow Storage, and Frontiers Capital.
Kandahar Real Estate
A private investment business called Kandahar had been formed by Ross, comprising a team that had gained much experience of the UK high-street property market as the number of Carphone Warehouse stores had grown. In 2006, Ross set up a commercial property joint venture with the Morgan Stanley investment bank. His 50 per cent investment in the venture, which was known as Kandahar Real Estate Ltd, came from injecting the one-million square foot high-street private property portfolio of Kandahar, while Morgan Stanley injected the newly completed Drake Circus Shopping Centre in Plymouth. The joint venture was worth £500 million but hit problems soon after due to the financial crisis of 2007–08; in 2007 it had to arrange a £460 million refinancing deal through the HBOS bank.
2008 resignations and aftermath
Ross resigned from Carphone Warehouse, National Express and Big Yellow in December 2008 after using a large proportion of his shares in the businesses as collateral for personal loans without informing the companies, which is a breach of stock market rules. Shortly afterwards, the Financial Services Authority (FSA) said that the rules on the issue, governed by the EU Market Abuse Directive, were unclear and inconsistently applied across the European Union. Although noting that the practice was also restricted by disclosure rules of the stock market's Listing Rules, the FSA said that other directors had used their shares in a similar fashion and offered a short amnesty for declarations to be made by any directors who might have engaged in such practices.
The Drake Circus shopping centre, which was the largest asset in the Kandahar portfolio, was sold to British Land in January 2011 for £240m. Other sales followed as the portfolio was divested during the year, including shopping centres in Bishops Stortford, Caterham, Ipswich and Market Harborough.
Like his grandfather and father before him, Ross was chairman of Cosalt, which by his time had become primarily a group of companies involved in offshore safety. He took on the role in 2007 and had a 12-month hiatus between 2008 and 2009 due to the problems relating to his pledging of shares as collateral, which had included those he held in Cosalt itself. Despite selling its marine division to raise £27 million, the company was in dire financial circumstances by 2011, when Ross held 15 per cent of the shares and had loaned it money. Following a profits warning in October, Ross proposed to turn it into a privately owned business, offering £400,000 to have it delisted from the stock market, where it had had a presence since 1971. Despite doubling his offer and pumping more money into the company through his investment vehicle, disaffected shareholders rejected it. Some individual shareholders tried in December 2012 to have the Takeover Panel and Financial Services Authority investigate Ross amid claims that he had abused his position in an attempt to buy the business cheaply. Ross said that he had acted altruistically and that the company's pension fund liabilities were now twice its value. By that time, trading in shares had been suspended due to a failure to comply with regulatory requirements by April of that year.[d]
Unable to obtain funding from existing or new lenders, or by a deal with pension fund trustees, the company was put into administration in February 2013. Ross and two banks were owed £17 million and Ross held 46 per cent of the shares.[e]
The business had a £50 million pension deficit when it fell into administration. According to Private Eye, after its collapse Ross bought the company's assets at "knockdown prices" and recovered "far more of his money than anyone else." Partners from PricewaterhouseCoopers were joint administrators of the business. Amongst their actions was the subsequent sale of the Ballyclare workwear division to Ross for £5.8 million. They said: "This sale ensured continued trading for the business and continued employment of all the companies' staff ... The alternative offers would have resulted in further insolvencies within the Group which would have resulted in lower realisations and increased costs". In the same year, Ross also acquired Simon Jersey, adding to his workwear portfolio.
The decision of the Insolvency Service not to disqualify directors of Cosalt from holding future office has been questioned in Parliament. Jo Swinson, a minister, said that "there was insufficient evidence of relevant misconduct for it to be in the public interest to investigate further since the issues raised are unlikely to be viewed by the Court as serious enough". She also said a potential criminal prosecution of the directors for failure to file accounts had been rejected.
Other business activities
In 2013, Ross resigned as Deputy Chairman of the Humberside Local Enterprise Partnership. He had become involved when Cosalt was investing in the area with proposals for wind-generated energy but the collapse of that company meant that he had little in the way of involvement in local business and was having to spend more of his time elsewhere. The Ballyclare workwear division was based in Barnsley and Stockport, neither of which are on Humberside.
Ross, who has a strong personal interest in sport, was for some time on the board of Wembley Stadium[clarification needed] and, with his friend Gary Lineker, was part of the consortium which rescued Leicester City Football Club from receivership, before it was later sold to Milan Mandarić.
Ross is a member of The Leader's Group of the Conservative Party. The group has been described by The Independent as "an elite diners' club whose members get frequent access to David Cameron in exchange for donating more than £50,000 a year". In total, he had donated around £220,000 to the party by July 2014.
Charitable activities and the arts
Ross was appointed by Tony Blair to the board of the National Portrait Gallery for a four-year term in February 2006. This was to satisfy the Gallery's desire to recruit "a person with senior level of financial, accounting, strategic planning and risk management skills". There were accusations of cronyism later in that year when it emerged that the Gallery had commissioned a photographic portrait of Ross, among other telecoms-related subjects, but the Gallery noted that he had not been involved with the organisation at the time of commissioning. As of 2015[update], he is a trustee of the Gallery.
In May 2012, Ross participated in "The Dallaglio Flintoff Cycle Slam 2012" charity cycle ride from Olympia, Greece to Stratford, London in aid of Andrew Flintoff and Lawrence Dallaglio's respective charities. He hosts the annual Nevill Holt Opera festival.
Ross founded the David Ross Foundation in 2006. It believes that “every child and young person has passions and talents” and that its intention is to "help them discover their strengths by offering them a wide range of world class educational opportunities". It has funded the David Ross Educational Trust, which operates various academies and at least one free school in England. Its first academy was sponsored in 2007; by July 2014 it was running 25 educational establishments in the country.
As of 2015[update], he is a member of Nottingham University's Council. He had been shortlisted for the role of chairman of Ofsted by an independent panel in 2014 but his involvement went no further due to objections from the Liberal Democrats regarding a potential conflict of interest relating to his past political donations.[f]
After Boris Johnson was elected Mayor of London in May 2008, Ross was his nominee to the board of the London Organising Committee of the 2012 Olympic Games. He resigned from this position December 2008 in the wake of the same event that led to his departure from the board of Carphone Warehouse. Johnson has also appointed Ross to the board of the London Legacy Development Corporation which has responsibility for redevelopment of Olympic Park in Legacy mode and to London United, the body that supported the capital's bid to be host city for the 2018 World Cup.
Ross has a son with Michelle "Shelley" Ross, a former partner whom he did not marry but who happened to have the same surname. He has also been in relationships with high-profile women such as Saffron Aldridge and Ali Cockayne.
Ross's main residence is the 13th-century, Grade I-listed Nevill Holt estate, near Market Harborough, Leicestershire, on which he has spent millions. In addition, he has, or has had, homes in Kensington and Mustique, and in Switzerland, where he spent some time as a tax exile. He owned a second country estate, at Brampton Ash in Nottinghamshire; his stepsister, Fiona, was murdered there in 2006 and in 2008 he decided to sell it. He has a reputation for partying and a love of shooting, pursuing the latter interest with people such as Lineker and Richard Branson. In 2007 he bought 4,500 hectares (11,000 acres) of grouse moor in Yorkshire.
- Some sources say that Ross and Dunstone jointly founded the Carphone Warehouse business in 1989, and others that the pair co-founded it in 1991. There are also sources that say the initial funding of £6000 came jointly, rather than just from Dunstone.
- Unlike The Daily Telegraph, Debrett's says was non-executive deputy chairman from 2003 to 2008.
- Some sources say Ross was chairman of National Express from 2004.
- Regulatory issues arose because the inability to resolve refinancing issues meant that the company did not file accounts for the 2011 financial year. The accounts could not be filed on a going concern basis.
- Ross had bought more shares in Cosalt as his attempt to privatise the company went on.
- There had been speculation that, aside from the issue of political donations, appointing Ross as Ofsted chairman would also create a conflict of interest because of his direct involvement with academies. However, David Hoare, who was eventually selected for the role, also had an involvement but was free of political ties.
- "Sunday Times Rich List". The Sunday Times (page 34). 26 April 2014.
- "David Ross: The tycoon who fell to earth". The Independent (London). 9 December 2008. Retrieved 13 December 2008.
This year's Sunday Times Rich List recorded Mr Ross as the 87th-richest man in the UK with an estimated personal wealth of £873m.
- "The World's Billionaires: #843 David Ross". Forbes. 5 March 2008. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- "Authorised Biography – Debrett’s People of Today, David Ross, Esq". Debrett's. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- Wray, Richard (9 December 2008). "The 'secret weapon' that blew up in Dunstone's face". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- Ramnarayan, Abhinav (8 December 2008). "Profile: David Ross". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- Ebrahimi, Helia (8 December 2008). "Loans cast shadow over empire". London: Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- Sabbagh, Dan (9 December 2008). "David Ross: glitz and glamour of the upper-class 'barrow boy' with all the right connections". The Times (London). Retrieved 2015-01-08. (subscription required (. ))
- Garner, Richard (4 July 2014). "'Conflict of interest': Outcry at plan to put multimillionaire Tory donor David Ross in charge of Ofsted". The Independent. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- Wilson, Amy (8 December 2008). "Carphone Warehouse co-founder David Ross quits after disclosure failure". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- "Carphone tycoon buys into Plymouth centre". Shopping Centre (JLD Media). 20 November 2006. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- Fletcher, Nick (11 June 2009). "Multi-millionaire entrepreneur David Ross sells shares in Carphone Warehouse and Big Yellow". The Guardian (London: GMG). ISSN 0261-3077. OCLC 60623878. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
- "Shock exit of Carphone co-founder". BBC news. 8 December 2008. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
- Ebrahimi, Helia; Wilson, Amy (8 December 2008). "Carphone Warehouse founder under fire over debts". London: Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- "Ross set to escape action by FSA over disclosure". Financial Times. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- Griffiths, Katherine (9 January 2009). "FSA gives directors amnesty as it clarifies rules after David Ross share controversy". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2015-04-02.
- "Executive used Barclays stake as collateral for loan from Citi". Financial Times. Retrieved 19 June 2012. (subscription required (. ))
- "British Land buys Drake Circus". The Independent. 7 January 2011. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- Roxburgh, Helen (22 November 2011). "Kandahar portfolio draws to a close". Costar. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- "Ailing Cosalt may go private". The Independent. 18 November 2011. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- Moore, James (26 November 2011). "Ross set to take Cosalt private with knockdown offer". The Independent. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- "Marine firm investors attack David Ross". The Independent. 2 December 2012. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- "Joint Administrators' Proposals for Achieving the Purpose of Administration" (PDF). PwC. 27 March 2013. p. 5. Retrieved 2014-10-26.
- Goodway, Nick (15 February 2013). "Carphone founder's family firm Cosalt folds". The Independent. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- "Ross buys 74m Cosalt shares". shareprice.com. 16 December 2011. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- "Go for gold!". Private Eye (1377). 17 October 2014. p. 29.
- "Joint Administrators' Proposals for Achieving the Purpose of Administration" (PDF). PwC. 27 March 2013. p. 7. Retrieved 2014-10-26.
- Graham, James (13 January 2014). "David Ross acquires Simon Jersey". The Business Desk. Retrieved 2015-02-03.
- "Cosalt: Written question - 219223". Hansard, UK Parliament. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- "David Ross: 'I will do all I can to support Humber LEP'". The Grimsby Telegraph. 10 April 2013. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- Merrick, Jane (6 July 2014). "Millions of taxpayers' cash spent on venture capital fund run by Tory donor". The Independent. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
- "Donor Clubs". Conservative Party. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- "David Ross appointed to board of the National Portrait Gallery". 10 Downing Street. 17 February 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-04-03. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- Adams, Guy (13 October 2006). "Cronyism row hits National Portrait Gallery over pictures of future trustee". The Independent. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- "List of trustees". National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- "Halfords back Flintoff and Dallaglio to boost pedal power". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- Vorasarun, Chaniga (3 July 2008). "Opera Man". Forbes. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- "About The David Ross Foundation". David Ross Foundation. Retrieved 2015-01-05.
- Adams, Richard (4 July 2014). "Wealthy Tory donor David Ross in line for top Ofsted job". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- "Members – The University of Nottingham". University of Nottingham. 2015. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- Grice, Andrew (31 July 2014). "New Ofsted boss embarrassed by problems at his own academy chain". The Independent. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- Wray, Richard; Mulholland, Hélène (9 December 2008). "David Ross resigns from Olympics panel and National Express board". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
- "Baroness Grey-Thompson DBE appointed to strengthen 2012 legacy team". london.gov.uk. 3 December 2012.
- Cook, Ben (4 December 2012). "Phone boss who quit LOCOG appointed to 2012 legacy board". planningresource.co.uk.
- Beard, Matthew (30 June 2009). "Boris Johnson on London's role in 2018 World Cup bid". The Evening Standard. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- "Captains of industry and sport join Commonwealth Games England". weareengland.org. 17 September 2009.
- "Carphone Warehouse Co-Founder Answers Call of BOA Board". teamgb.com. 2 June 2011.