David S. Garland

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David Shepherd Garland (September 27, 1769 – October 7, 1841) was a U.S. Representative from Virginia.


Garland was the son of William Garland and Ann Shepherd. He married Jane Henry Meredith. They had 11 children, Jane Meredith, Anne Shepherd, Sally Armistead, Samuel Meredith, Mary Rice, William Henry, Patrick Henry, Eliza Virginia, Louisa Frances, Caroline, and Martha Henry. Jane was the daughter of Colonel Samuel Meredith and Jane Henry, sister of Patrick Henry. Jane grew up in the Winton House, neighboring the Garland home.[1]


Born near New Glasgow (now Clifford), Amherst County, Virginia, Garland pursued an academic course. He studied law. He was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Virginia. He served as member of the Virginia House of Delegates during the periods 1799–1802 and 1805–1809. He served in the Senate of Virginia in the years 1809–1811. A wealthy man, he built the Brick House and was involved with the New Glasgow Academy, an early public school.[2][3]

Garland was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the Eleventh Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Wilson Cary Nicholas and served from January 17, 1810, to March 4, 1811, and was succeeded by Hugh Nelson. In the election, he defeated Thomas M. Randolph, nephew of Thomas Jefferson.[4] He was again a member of the State house of delegates in 1814, 1815, from 1819 to 1826, and 1832 to 1836.[3] In 1828, he was a member of a 13 man committee in the Virginia legislature which made recommendations for the internal improvements, particularly in the course of the James River, but also of the course of the Potomac River and the Roanoke River and in the condition of the roads.[5] For many years he was chairman of the Committee of Finance.[6]

He was a member of the Electoral College from Virginia in 1828 and cast his vote with the rest of the state's electors for Andrew Jackson.[7] In the 1810s, Garland was president of the Board of Trustees of the New Glasgow Female Academy,[8] and served the board for many years.[2][9] In 1824 and 1825 he was a director of the Lynchburg branch of the Bank of Virginia.[10][11] In the 1820s, he served as Commissioner of the Kanawah road and river.[12] Late in his life he was a member of the Whig Party.[13]

He died in Clifford, Virginia, October 7, 1841. He was interred in the Meredith and Garland families' graveyard at Winton, Clifford, Virginia.[3]


  1. ^ Nuckolls, Benjamin Floyd. Pioneer Settlers of Grayson County, Virginia. Genealogical Publishing Com, 1914. p144-145 accessed November 16, 2016 at https://archive.org/stream/pioneersettlerso00nuck#page/144/mode/2up
  2. ^ a b "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form" (PDF). Brick House. Commonwealth of Virginia, Department of Historic Resources. 2008-11-21. pp. 7–8. 
  3. ^ a b c
  4. ^ [No Headline], Charleston Courier (Charleston, South Carolina) January 10, 1810, Volume: IX Issue: 2168 Page: 3
  5. ^ Virginia Convention, The Torch Light and Public Advertiser (Hagerstown, Maryland) July 31, 1828, page 4, accessed November 16, 2016 at https://www.newspapers.com/clip/7471690//
  6. ^ [No Headline] Alexandria Gazette (Alexandria, Virginia) Friday, October 22, 1841. Page: 2
  7. ^ Administration Electoral Ticket, Newbern Sentinel, (New Bern, North Carolina) Janueary 19, 1828, page 3, accessed November 16, 2016 at https://www.newspapers.com/clip/7471606//
  8. ^ Wanted: Female Teacher, National Intelligencer (Washington (DC), District of Columbia) Saturday, March 6, 1819, Page: 3
  9. ^ New Glasgow Female Academy, The Weekly Mississippian (Jackson, Mississippi) November 21, 1834, page 9, accessed November 16, 2016 at https://www.newspapers.com/clip/7471635//
  10. ^ Directors of the Bank of Virginia and Branches, for the Present Year, Baltimore Patriot (Baltimore, Maryland) Saturday, January 10, 1824, Volume: XXIII Issue: 7 Page: 2
  11. ^ Election Returns. Alexandria Gazette (Alexandria, Virginia) Tuesday, January 11, 1825 Page: 3
  12. ^ Legislative, Enquirer (Richmond, Virginia), Thursday, March 8, 1827, Volume: XXIII Issue: 98 Page: 3 Piece: One of Two
  13. ^ Correspondence. Lynchburg Virginian (Lynchburg, Virginia) October 1, 1840. Page: 3
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Wilson C. Nicholas
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 21st congressional district

January 10, 1810 - March 3, 1811
Succeeded by
Hugh Nelson