David S. Walker

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David Shelby Walker
Florida Governor David S. Walker.jpg
8th Governor of Florida
In office
January 18, 1866 – July 4, 1868
Lieutenant William W. J. Kelly
Preceded by William Marvin
Succeeded by Harrison Reed
Member of the Florida House of Representatives
In office
1848
Member of the Florida State Legislature
In office
1845
Personal details
Born May 2, 1815
Kentucky
Died July 20, 1891 (aged 76)
Tallahassee, Florida
Political party Conservative [Democratic] Party
Constitutional Unionist
Know Nothing
Whig
Spouse(s) Philoclea Alston
Elizabeth Duncan
Parents David Walker

David Shelby Walker (May 2, 1815 – July 20, 1891) was the eighth Governor of Florida, serving from 1866 to 1868.

Early life and career[edit]

Walker was born near Russelville in Logan County, Kentucky. He attended private schools in Kentucky and Tennessee and studied law. He moved to Florida in 1837, settling in Leon County. His father was David Walker, a prominent early Kentucky politician who served in the US House of Representatives. David S. Walker was a cousin and close business and political confidante of Florida territorial governor Richard K. Call. He was also related to Florida Senator Wilkinson Call, who was Walker's law partner for several years in the 1850s and 1860s in Tallahassee.

Walker entered politics as a Whig, and was elected to the first session of the Florida State Legislature in 1845, serving Wakulla and Leon Counties as Senator. In 1848, he was elected by Leon County to the Florida House of Representatives. In 1849 he was appointed Register of Public Lands and was ex officio State Superintendent of Public Instruction, positions he held until 1854. He advocated and promoted interest in public schools. His efforts resulted in the creation of public schools in Tallahassee. He served as Mayor of Tallahassee. He was the Know Nothing gubernatorial candidate in 1856, but lost to Democrat Madison S. Perry by 2.6 points.[1] In 1859, he became a Florida Supreme Court Justice.[2]

Governorship[edit]

Prior to the Civil War, Walker was a Constitutional Unionist and so had opposed secession. However, when Florida seceded from the Union in 1861, he supported his state. Following the war, on November 29, 1865, Walker was elected governor unopposed, in an election in which newly freed slaves were not allowed to participate.[3] He was inaugurated on December 20 and took office January 18, 1866.[4]

During his governorship, Florida transitioned from the federal oversight and military occupation of Reconstruction to readmission into the Union, but Walker was a conservative who attempted to minimize changes to the antebellum social, political, and economic system. He protested the election of the 1868 Constitutional Convention, which was convened to adopt a new government that the Republican U.S. Congress would approve, but ultimately supported the 1868 Constitution when it turned out to be less protective of blacks than originally anticipated.[3]

He ran for reelection in 1868 as an Independent Republican, but lost to Republican Harrison Reed, coming in third place with under 10% of the vote.[3]

After leaving the governor's office on July 4, 1868, he returned to practicing law. In 1878, he was appointed circuit court judge, a position he held until his death on July 20, 1891.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bender, Michael (November 2, 2010). "Best governor's race since Sidney Catts?". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved April 4, 2017. 
  2. ^ Brown Jr., Canter (1997). Ossian Bingley Hart: Florida's Loyalist Reconstruction Governor. LSU Press. p. 171. 
  3. ^ a b c Dubin, Michael J. (2010). United States Gubernatorial Elections, 1861-1911: The Official Results by State and County. McFarland. pp. 96, 213. ISBN 978-0-7864-4722-0. LCCN 2010010900. 
  4. ^ Schroeder-Lein, Glenna R.; Zuczek, Richard (2001). Andrew Johnson: A Biographical Companion. ABC-CLIO. p. 122. ISBN 1-57607-030-1. LCCN 2001001777. 
  • Buccellato, Robert. "Florida Governors Lasting Legacies." South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing., 2015

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
William Marvin
Governor of Florida
December 20, 1865 – July 4, 1868
Succeeded by
Harrison Reed