General David Tevzadze
|Born||January 30, 1949|
|Commands held||Georgian Armed Forces|
|Battles/wars||War in Abkhazia (1992–1993)|
Education and academic career
Born in Sukhumi, Abkhaz ASSR, Georgian SSR, Tevzadze graduated from the Tbilisi State University (TSU) Faculty of Philosophy in 1971 and Institute of Foreign Languages in 1978. He then obtained Ph.D. at the Georgian Academy of Sciences Institute of Philosophy where he worked as a researcher and also lectured in history of philosophy and mathematical logic at the TSU for several years. He also took an interest in martial arts and was a co-founder and the first President of the Georgian Karate Federation in 1989. The Federation was formed on April 8, 1989, a day before the Soviet troops used force against a peaceful pro-independence rally in Tbilisi. Tevzadze and several other members of the organization resisted the advancing soldiers to secure a corridor for the protesters fleeing the scene of the crackdown.
Early military career
With the declaration of Georgia’s independence from the Soviet Union and the outbreak of civil unrest (1991), Tevzadze joined the Kojori-headquartered paramilitary battalion “Orbi” (“hawk”) which he commanded from January 1992 to January 1993 and took part in the war with the secessionists in Abkhazia. After the merger of paramilitary units into the Georgian Armed Forces, Colonel Tevzadze became a commander of the 11th brigade of reconnaissance (1992–93) and then of the 1st brigade (1993–94). From May 1994 to August 1997, he headed a Foreign Relations Office at the Ministry of Defense of Georgia. From 1994 to 1996, he received training at various NATO education centers such as the NATO Defence College (Rome, Italy), George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies (Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany), and Command and General Staff College (Fort Leavenworth, United States).
Minister of Defense
In April 1998, President of Georgia Eduard Shevardnadze dismissed Defense Minister Vardiko Nadibaidze, a career Soviet and Russian army officer, and replaced him with more Western-oriented Tevzadze. Amid persistent budgetary shortage and a series of attempted mutinies in the army, Tevzadze attempted to implement some reforms in the Georgian military with the declared aim to help transition “from old Soviet model to the modern forces, applicable to the international standards.” He was pursuant to a pro-NATO line declared by Georgia in 1998 and rejected the post of deputy head of the Coordinating Staff of the CIS Armed Forces in 2001, saying he saw no point in multilateral military cooperation between CIS states. It was during his tenure, that, in 2002, the United States launched a program of training for the selected Georgian military units (GTEP).
Tevzadze tried to remain neutral during the tense days of “Rose Revolution” in November 2003, when the opposition protests forced President Shevardnadze to resign. Tevzadze told reporters before the resignation that he had “received warnings that there should be no action that could lead to bloodshed.” He briefly retained his post in a new Georgian government. In this capacity he visited Georgian troops in Iraq. His plane was fired upon leaving Baghdad on January 16, 2004. The Coalition helicopters were dispatched and returned fire. No-one was injured and Tevzadze also escaped unharmed.
In February 2004, Tevzadze was dismissed as Defense Minister and nominated by President Mikheil Saakashvili as an ambassador to NATO. At the same time, he faced a series of accusations of corruption. The Parliamentary Committee for Defense and Security launched a probe into the cases of alleged corruptions in the Defense Ministry and summoned Tevzadze who admitted to certain violations in the Ministry, but refrained from naming the officials accountable for these violations. Tevzadze’s tenure as an ambassador proved to be short-lived, however, as his credentials were revoked in June 2004. Since then, Tevzadze has distanced himself from politics and engaged in scholarship and teaching.
On May 5, 2009, Tevzadze's name was mentioned in a video footage released by the Georgian police as an evidence of the planned disorders in Georgia, of which the failed mutiny in army was part. Tevzadze said allegations about his involvement in the mutiny plot were "absurd."
- Liklikadze, Koba (9 April 2006). "9 აპრილის მიტინგის უცნობი და ნაცნობი დამცველები" [Unknown and known defenders of the 9 April rally] (in Georgian). RFE/RL. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
- Personalities. The International Republican Institute-Georgia. Retrieved on February 10, 2009
- Defence Ministry Issues the White Paper. Civil Georgia. July 5, 2002
- Georgia turns down CIS defense post. CACI Analyst. August 31, 2001
- Train-and-Equip Officially Launched. Civil Georgia. Mau 27, 2002
- Protest Topples Georgia Leader. Los Angeles Times. November 24, 2003
- Georgia minister shot at in Iraq. BBC News. January 16, 2004
- Georgia’s Scarce Army Aspires NATO. Civil Georgia. February 17, 2004
- Georgia Continues the Reshuffling of Diplomatic Corps. Civil Georgia. June 26, 2004
- Former Commander of National Guard Arrested. Civil Georgia. May 5, 2009
|Minister of Defense of Georgia
April 1998 — February 2004
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