David Trench

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Sir David Trench
GCMG MC DL
David Crosbie Trench.jpg
19th High Commissioner for the Western Pacific
In office
4 March 1961 – 16 June 1964
Monarch Elizabeth II
Preceded by Sir John Gutch
Succeeded by Sir Robert Sidney Foster
3rd Governor of the Solomon Islands
In office
4 March 1961 – 16 June 1964
Monarch Elizabeth II
Preceded by Sir John Gutch
Succeeded by Sir Robert Sidney Foster
24th Governor of Hong Kong
In office
14 April 1964 – 19 November 1971
Monarch Elizabeth II
Preceded by Sir Robert Brown Black
Succeeded by Sir Murray MacLehose
Personal details
Born (1915-06-02)2 June 1915
Quetta, British Raj
Died 4 December 1988(1988-12-04) (aged 73)
Shillingstone, England
Spouse(s) Margaret Gould
Children 1 daughter
Alma mater Jesus College, Cambridge
Profession soldier, colonial administrator

Sir David Clive Crosbie Trench GCMG MC DL (Chinese: ) 2 June 1915 – 4 December 1988 was a British Army officer and colonial governor.

Early life[edit]

Trench was educated at Tonbridge School, Tonbridge, Kent and graduated from Jesus College, Cambridge with the degree of Master of Arts (M.A.).

War service[edit]

In 1938, Trench entered the Colonial Service as a cadet in the British Solomon Islands Protectorate and was seconded to the Western Pacific High Commission in 1941. He was also commissioned into the Royal Artillery (Supplementary Reserve). From 1939 to 1945, he fought in the Second World War and served in the British Solomon Islands Protectorate Defence Force from 1942 to 1946. For this, Trench was awarded the decoration of the Military Cross and the US Legion of Merit in 1944. That year he was posted to the island of Malaita, with the task of repressing the Maasina Rule, an uprising aimed at securing independence for Malaita.[1] In August 1947, he was appointed Secretary for Development and Native Affairs, and his crackdown on the Maasina Rule continued.[2]

Trench attained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1947 and studied at the Joint Services Command and Staff College in Swindon, Wiltshire in 1949.

Colonial administration career[edit]

Trench served as Governor of the Solomon Islands and High Commissioner for the Western Pacific from 1961 to 1964. In 1950, Trench became Assistant Secretary to the Deputy Defence Secretary for Hong Kong. He eventually held the office of Deputy Financial Secretary in 1956 and Commissioner of Labour and Mines in 1957. In 1958, Trench studied at the Imperial Defence College in London.

Trench served as Deputy Colonial Secretary of Hong Kong between 1959 and 1960. He left Hong Kong to take up the office of High Commissioner for the British Western Pacific Territories between 1961 and 1964, only to be appointed Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Hong Kong between 1964 and 1971.

Personal life[edit]

Trench married Margaret Gould on 18 August 1944. The couple had one daughter, Katherine Elizabeth. Trench was also a distant kinsman of the Barons Ashtown, and one of his distant relatives, Sir Nigel Clive Cosby Trench, also worked in the Foreign Service and succeeded to the Barony of Ashtown in 1990.

Sir David Trench died on 4 December 1988, aged 73.

Offices and honours[edit]

David Trench Rehabilitation Centre

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Maasina Rule". Solomon Islands Historical Encyclopaedia 1893-1978. © Solomon Islands Historical Encyclopaedia, 1893-1978, 2013. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
  2. ^ "Trench, David Clive Crosbie ( - 1988)". Solomon Islands Historical Encyclopaedia 1893-1978. © Solomon Islands Historical Encyclopaedia, 1893-1978, 2013. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir John Gutch
High Commissioner for the Western Pacific
1961–1964
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Sidney Foster
Governor of the Solomon Islands
1961–1964
Preceded by
Sir Robert Brown Black
Governor of Hong Kong
1964–1971
Succeeded by
Sir Murray MacLehose
later became
Lord MacLehose of Beoch