Davison County, South Dakota

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Davison County, South Dakota
City Hall, Mitchell SD (8115365404).jpg
Map of South Dakota highlighting Davison County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Founded1873 (created)
1874 (organized)
SeatMitchell
Largest cityMitchell
Area
 • Total437 sq mi (1,132 km2)
 • Land436 sq mi (1,129 km2)
 • Water1.4 sq mi (4 km2), 0.3%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)19,704
 • Density45.2/sq mi (17.5/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.davisoncounty.org

Davison County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 19,504.[1] Its county seat is Mitchell.[2] The county was created in 1873 and organized in 1874.[3] It was named for Henry C. Davison, the first settler in the county.[4]

Davison County is part of the Mitchell, SD Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The area's first settlement occurred in 1871 in "Firesteel Creek"; the settlers were Herman Cady Greene and John Head. Greene brought lumber from Yankton in 1872 and built a frame house. The small community which grew around this house was called Firesteel. It became part of a county created by the territorial legislature in 1873.

In 1881 the territorial legislature met and considered two bills redefining the boundaries of Hanson and Davison Counties. They considered adjusting the two counties' boundaries by either combining the two, or changing their method of separation. A public vote determined to add four townships to the west, and split the two previous counties down the middle.

The settlement originally called "Arlandton" was renamed "Mount Vernon" in 1882; by 1883 it boasted a hardware store, a livery stable, lumber yard, drugstore, cigar maker, and a hotel.[5]

During the latter part of the nineteenth century the county was served by railroad spur lines.[6] By the mid-twentieth century, those lines had been abandoned and removed.[7]

Geography[edit]

The terrain of Davison County consists of rolling hills. Its area is largely devoted to agriculture. The James River flows south-southeastward through the NE portion of the county. A local drainage flows eastward through the upper quarter of the county, terminating in Lake Mitchell, north of the city of Mitchell.[7] The terrain slopes to the east, and rises toward its SW corner. Its highest point is on the western portion of its southern border, at 1,667' (508m) ASL.[8]

The county has a total area of 437 square miles (1,130 km2), of which 436 square miles (1,130 km2) is land and 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2) (0.3%) is water.[9] It is the fourth-smallest county in South Dakota by area.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18801,256
18905,449333.8%
19007,48337.3%
191011,62555.4%
192014,13921.6%
193016,82119.0%
194015,336−8.8%
195016,5227.7%
196016,6811.0%
197017,3193.8%
198017,8202.9%
199017,503−1.8%
200018,7417.1%
201019,5044.1%
Est. 201819,790[10]1.5%
US Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2016[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[15] there were 18,741 people, 7,585 households, and 4,770 families in the county. The population density was 43 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 8,093 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.23% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 1.98% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 0.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 50.8% were of German, 10.1% Norwegian, 5.5% Irish and 5.4% American ancestry.

There were 7,585 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.40% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.10% were non-families. 30.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.00.

The county population had 25.40% under the age of 18, 12.00% from 18 to 24, 25.90% from 25 to 44, 20.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,476, and the median income for a family was $44,357. Males had a median income of $30,825 versus $20,940 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,879. About 8.20% of families and 11.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.30% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 19,504 people, 8,296 households, and 4,892 families in the county.[16] The population density was 44.8 inhabitants per square mile (17.3/km2). There were 8,852 housing units at an average density of 20.3 per square mile (7.8/km2).[17] The racial makeup of the county was 94.4% white, 2.5% American Indian, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.5% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.5% of the population.[16] In terms of ancestry, 51.8% were German, 10.6% were Norwegian, 10.1% were Irish, 7.4% were English, 6.0% were Dutch, and 4.5% were American.[18]

Of the 8,296 households, 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.0% were non-families, and 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.91. The median age was 37.8 years.[16]

The median income for a household in the county was $41,867 and the median income for a family was $54,677. Males had a median income of $37,688 versus $26,223 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,794. About 6.9% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.[19]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Town[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Townships[edit]

Politics[edit]

Davison County voters tend to vote Republican. In 71% of the national elections since 1948, the county selected the Republican Party candidate.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 64.9% 5,157 29.6% 2,355 5.5% 440
2012 59.7% 4,757 38.2% 3,042 2.2% 172
2008 56.0% 4,731 42.0% 3,554 2.0% 170
2004 62.1% 5,561 36.5% 3,263 1.4% 128
2000 59.1% 4,445 39.0% 2,936 2.0% 147
1996 44.8% 3,371 44.7% 3,364 10.5% 793
1992 38.2% 3,111 40.3% 3,285 21.5% 1,750
1988 51.7% 4,024 47.6% 3,705 0.7% 57
1984 59.4% 4,783 40.4% 3,248 0.2% 17
1980 55.7% 4,743 36.5% 3,107 7.8% 662
1976 44.7% 3,688 54.7% 4,510 0.6% 50
1972 44.5% 3,796 55.2% 4,710 0.3% 25
1968 50.1% 3,869 46.4% 3,585 3.4% 265
1964 36.5% 2,789 63.5% 4,861
1960 50.0% 4,105 50.0% 4,108
1956 51.6% 4,056 48.4% 3,809
1952 59.7% 4,774 40.3% 3,227
1948 42.0% 2,996 57.0% 4,064 1.0% 68
1944 47.6% 2,929 52.4% 3,222
1940 46.4% 3,659 53.6% 4,230
1936 32.2% 2,510 63.8% 4,983 4.0% 312
1932 28.7% 2,147 70.0% 5,233 1.3% 100
1928 58.2% 3,821 41.5% 2,729 0.3% 21
1924 51.7% 2,801 10.7% 578 37.6% 2,038
1920 54.2% 2,605 23.0% 1,105 22.9% 1,100
1916 50.5% 1,516 45.8% 1,374 3.8% 113
1912 0.0% 0 45.3% 1,266 54.7% 1,530
1908 50.9% 1,276 43.1% 1,081 6.0% 149
1904 68.8% 1,626 21.4% 506 9.7% 230
1900 50.3% 853 46.1% 782 3.7% 62
1896 45.1% 616 53.7% 733 1.2% 16
1892 42.8% 569 9.0% 120 48.2% 640

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 101.
  5. ^ A Brief History of Davison County (accessed 1 February 2019)
  6. ^ American Rails/South Dakota (accessed 1 February 2019)
  7. ^ a b Davison County SD Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  8. ^ "Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 1 February 2019)
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  11. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  13. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
  16. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  17. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  18. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  19. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  20. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 15 April 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°41′N 98°10′W / 43.68°N 98.16°W / 43.68; -98.16