Daviz Simango

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Daviz Simango
Daviz Simango.jpg
Mayor of Beira
In office
2003–2021
Preceded byChivavice Muchangage
Personal details
Born(1964-02-07)7 February 1964
Tanganyika
Died22 February 2021(2021-02-22) (aged 57)
NationalityMozambican
Political partyMDM (2009–2021)
RENAMO (1997–2009)
RelationsUria Simango
(father)
Alma materEduardo Mondlane University
ProfessionCivil Engineer
Websitewww.davizsimango.org

Daviz Mbepo Simango (7 February 1964 – 22 February 2021) was a Mozambican politician who was Mayor of Beira from 2003 to the day of his death in February 2021. He was also the President of the Democratic Movement of Mozambique (MDM). He was son of Uria Timoteo Simango the first Vice-President of FRELIMO and Celina Tapua Simango. He joined the main opposition party RENAMO in 1997 and became Mayor of Beira in 2003 as its candidate.[1] On March 6, 2009, he founded a new party, the Movimento Democrático de Moçambique, or MDM.

Early life[edit]

Daviz Simango was born in 1964 to parents Uria Timoteo Simango and Celina Tapua Simango, and grew up in Beira, Mozambique. He was raised by relatives after his parents were executed in a reeducation camp in northern Mozambique for their status as dissidents within the Mozambican ruling party. [2]

Mayor of Beira[edit]

Daviz Simango ran for and was elected mayor of Beira, a major Mozambican city on the Indian Ocean, in 2003. At the time he was a member of Mozambique's primary opposition party, RENAMO. Simango was reelected mayor of Beira in 2009 as a member of his own political party, Movimento Democrático de Moçambique. He was re-elected as mayor every election cycle and served continually until his death in 2021. [3]

After his first election, Simango faced obstruction from national ruling party FRELIMO, who refused to grant Simango's administration access to government buildings. [4] During his time as mayor, Simango oversaw a $120 million USD climate adaptation project, involving a system of drainage canals and retaining basins to protect urban neighborhoods from rising sea levels. [5] Simango was also mayor during Cyclone Idai, an Indian Ocean cyclone that made landfall near Beira, killing hundreds and destroying a majority of the city's infrastructure.[6] In the wake of the storm, Simango worked on the streets to establish emergency services in the city, and spoke out internationally against climate change. [7][8]

Founding of MDM[edit]

In 2009, Simango left RENAMO after party leaders did not nominate him as the party's candidate for mayor. [9] At this time, Daviz Simango founded a new political party, the Movimento Democrático de Moçambique (Democratic Movement of Mozambique), popularly known as MDM. MDM is now the third major political party in Mozambique after the long term duopoly of ruling party FRELIMO and opposition party RENAMO. [10]

2009 presidential election[edit]

Simango was the MDM candidate in the 28 October 2009 presidential election.[11] He placed third with 8.6% of the total vote in the election.[12]

2014 presidential election[edit]

Simango was the MDM candidate in the 15 October 2014 Mozambican presidential election. He placed third, with 6.4% of the vote. [13]

2019 presidential election[edit]

Simango was the MDM candidate in the 15 October 2019 Mozambican presidential election. During the campaign period, ruling party supporters blocked Simango from campaigning in Chokwe District in southern Mozambique. [14] The election results were marred by accusations of widespread corruption and Simango placed third.[15]

Death[edit]

Daviz Simango died on 22 February 2021, fifteen days after his birthday. He was 57 years old.[16] He flew to Johannesburg for medical care on 13 February 2021 and died nine days later of complications of COVID-19 and diabetes. [17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tembe, Jose (27 October 2009). "Daviz Mbepo Simango". BBC News. Retrieved 2009-11-03.
  2. ^ Gerety, Rowan Moore (2018). Go Tell the Crocodiles. The New Press. ISBN 97816209772762 Check |isbn= value: length (help).
  3. ^ Meldrum, Andrew (22 February 2021). "Influential mayor of Mozambique city dies of COVID-19". ABC News. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  4. ^ Gerety, Rowan Moore (2018). Go Tell the Crocodiles. The New Press. ISBN 97816209772762 Check |isbn= value: length (help).
  5. ^ Anna, Cara (27 March 2019). "Mozambique city fought climate change, but cyclone roared in". The Associated Press. AP News. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  6. ^ Yee, Amy (12 May 2019). "Mozambique Looks Beyond Cyclone Idai to Better Protection in the Future". New York Times. New York Times. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  7. ^ Shapiro, Ari (9 April 2019). "Mayor Of Beira, Mozambique, Wants Trump To See The Damage From Cyclone Idai". NPR. NPR. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  8. ^ Meldrum, Andrew (22 February 2021). "Influential mayor of Mozambique city dies of COVID-19". ABC News. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  9. ^ Lopes, Marina (20 September 2012). "Mozambique mayor puts fear in Frelimo". Reuters. Reuters. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  10. ^ Allison, Simon (8 October 2014). "Mozambique: The little opposition party that could". The Daily Maverick. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  11. ^ "Mozambique's President Expected to Win Re-election". The New York Times. October 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-03.[dead link]
  12. ^ "Mozambique's Guebuza re-elected in landslide", AFP, 11 November 2009.
  13. ^ Mucari, Manuel (24 October 2014). "Frelimo's Nyusi wins Mozambique elections: provisional results". Reuters. Reuters. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  14. ^ "Mozambique: Police Linked to Killing of Election Observer". Hrw.org. Human Rights Watch. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  15. ^ "Nyusi wins Mozambique presidential poll in landslide". Al Jazeera. Al Jazeera. 27 October 2019. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  16. ^ "Mozambican opposition mayor, climate fighter dies aged 57: family". France 24. February 22, 2021.
  17. ^ Meldrum, Andrew (22 February 2021). "Influential mayor of Mozambique city dies of COVID-19". ABC News. Retrieved 25 February 2021.

External links[edit]