Davy (crater)

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Davy
Davy crater 4113 h2.jpg
Coordinates11°48′S 8°06′W / 11.8°S 8.1°W / -11.8; -8.1Coordinates: 11°48′S 8°06′W / 11.8°S 8.1°W / -11.8; -8.1
Diameter34 km
Depth1.4 km
Colongitude8° at sunrise
EponymHumphry Davy

Davy is a small lunar impact crater that is located on the eastern edge of the Mare Nubium. It overlies the lava-flooded remains of the satellite crater Davy Y to the east, a formation which contains a crater chain designated Catena Davy. To the southeast of Davy is the prominent crater Alphonsus.

The outer rim of Davy is low, and the interior has been partly resurfaced. The perimeter is somewhat polygonal in shape, especially in the western half, and the southeast rim has been overlain by Davy A. The latter is bowl-shaped with a notch in the northern rim. The interior of Davy lacks a central peak, although there are some low central mounds and the rim of Davy Y forms a low ridge leading from the northern outer rim.

Catena Davy[edit]

Lunar crater Davy at top and Catena Davy below, as seen from Apollo 12. NASA photo.
Davy crater and Catena Davy from Apollo 16

This linear string of 23 tiny craters runs from the midpoint of Davy Y towards the walled basin Ptolemaeus, following a slightly curving course to the east-northeast. It is located at selenographic coordinates 11.0° S, 7.0° W, and has a diameter of 50 km.

This formation is not believed to be due to secondary cratering because it is not radial to a suitable source crater. The most likely cause is believed to be a single body that broke apart prior to impact due to tidal effects. High resolution images have demonstrated that the craters formed at about the same time since the ejecta from each crater does not overlay neighboring craters. However, there are still some scientists who believe that this chain of craters may be volcanic in origin.

In 1974, six of the craters in the chain were given "unofficial" names for use in connection with NASA's Topophotomap 77D1S1(10). These names, listed below, were later adopted by the IAU. Their positions in the chain are not readily distinguished based on their official coordinates, but they are well identified on the topophotomap.

Crater Coordinates Diameter Name source
Alan 10°54′S 6°06′W / 10.9°S 6.1°W / -10.9; -6.1 2.0 km Irish masculine name
Delia 10°54′S 6°06′W / 10.9°S 6.1°W / -10.9; -6.1 2.0 km Greek feminine name
Harold 10°54′S 6°00′W / 10.9°S 6.0°W / -10.9; -6.0 2.0 km Scandinavian masculine name
Osman 11°00′S 6°12′W / 11.0°S 6.2°W / -11.0; -6.2 2.0 km Turkish masculine name
Priscilla 10°54′S 6°12′W / 10.9°S 6.2°W / -10.9; -6.2 1.8 km Latin feminine name
Susan 11°00′S 6°18′W / 11.0°S 6.3°W / -11.0; -6.3 1.0 km English feminine name

Satellite craters[edit]

Davy crater and its satellite craters taken from Earth in 2012 at the University of Hertfordshire's Bayfordbury Observatory with the telescopes Meade LX200 14" and Lumenera Skynyx 2-1

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Davy.

Davy Latitude Longitude Diameter
A 12.2° S 7.7° W 15 km
B 10.8° S 8.9° W 7 km
C 11.2° S 7.0° W 3 km
G 10.4° S 5.1° W 16 km
K 10.2° S 9.5° W 3 km
U 12.9° S 7.1° W 3 km
Y 11.0° S 7.1° W 70 km

References[edit]

  • Andersson, L. E.; Whitaker, E. A. (1982). NASA Catalogue of Lunar Nomenclature. NASA RP-1097.
  • Blue, Jennifer (July 25, 2007). "Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature". USGS. Retrieved 2014-10-16.
  • Bussey, B.; Spudis, P. (2004). The Clementine Atlas of the Moon. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-81528-4.
  • Cocks, Elijah E.; Cocks, Josiah C. (1995). Who's Who on the Moon: A Biographical Dictionary of Lunar Nomenclature. Tudor Publishers. ISBN 978-0-936389-27-1.
  • McDowell, Jonathan (July 15, 2007). "Lunar Nomenclature". Jonathan's Space Report. Retrieved 2007-10-24.
  • Menzel, D. H.; Minnaert, M.; Levin, B.; Dollfus, A.; Bell, B. (1971). "Report on Lunar Nomenclature by the Working Group of Commission 17 of the IAU". Space Science Reviews. 12 (2): 136–186. Bibcode:1971SSRv...12..136M. doi:10.1007/BF00171763.
  • Moore, Patrick (2001). On the Moon. Sterling Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-304-35469-6.
  • Price, Fred W. (1988). The Moon Observer's Handbook. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-33500-3.
  • Rükl, Antonín (1990). Atlas of the Moon. Kalmbach Books. ISBN 978-0-913135-17-4.
  • Webb, Rev. T. W. (1962). Celestial Objects for Common Telescopes (6th revised ed.). Dover. ISBN 978-0-486-20917-3.
  • Whitaker, Ewen A. (1999). Mapping and Naming the Moon. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-62248-6.
  • Wlasuk, Peter T. (2000). Observing the Moon. Springer. ISBN 978-1-85233-193-1.

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