Pethiyagoda, Meegaskumbura & Maduwage, 2012
Dawkinsia is named after the evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins in recognition of his "contribution to the public understanding of science, particularly, of evolutionary science".:p.80 Dawkins describes this as "a great honour".
Adults typically measure 8–12 cm (3.1–4.7 in) SL. They do not have rostral barbels but might have maxillary barbels. Juveniles have a colour pattern consisting of three black bars on body; this persists to adult stage in some species. Adults have a black, horizontally elongate blotch on the caudal peduncle.:p.80
There are currently nine recognized species in this genus:
- Dawkinsia arulius (Jerdon, 1849) (Arulius barb)
- Dawkinsia assimilis (Jerdon, 1849)
- Dawkinsia exclamatio (Pethiyagoda & Kottelat, 2005)
- Dawkinsia filamentosa (Valenciennes, 1844) (Blackspot barb)
- Dawkinsia rohani (Rema Devi, Indra & Knight, 2010)
- Dawkinsia rubrotinctus (Jerdon, 1849)
- Dawkinsia singhala (Duncker, 1912)
- Dawkinsia srilankensis (Senanayake, 1985) (Blotched filamented barb)
- Dawkinsia tambraparniei (Silas, 1954)
- Rohan Pethiyagoda, R.; Meegaskumbura, M. & Maduwage, K. (2012). "A synopsis of the South Asian fishes referred to Puntius (Pisces: Cyprinidae)" (PDF). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters. 23 (1): 69–95.
- Bethan Jinkinson (19 July 2012). "Ten species named after famous people". BBC News. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2015). Species of Dawkinsia in FishBase. August 2015 version.