Dawn (1928 film)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Dawn
Movie poster for 1928 silent film Dawn.jpg
Movie poster
Directed byHerbert Wilcox
Produced byHerbert Wilcox
Written byReginald Berkeley (play)
Robert Cullen
Herbert Wilcox
StarringSybil Thorndike
Ada Bodart
Gordon Craig
Marie Ault
CinematographyBernard Knowles
Production
company
Distributed byWoolf & Freedman Film Service
Release date
1 March 1928
Running time
90 minutes
CountryUnited Kingdom
LanguageEnglish

Dawn is a 1928 British silent war film directed by Herbert Wilcox and starring Sybil Thorndike, Gordon Craig and Marie Ault. It was produced by Wilcox for his British & Dominions Film Corporation. The film was made at Cricklewood Studios with sets designed by Clifford Pember.

Based on a play by Reginald Berkeley, this film tells the story of World War I martyr Edith Cavell. Sybil Thorndike stars as Cavell, a nurse who risked her own life by rescuing British Prisoners of War from the Germans. When Cavell was captured and sentenced to be executed, it sparked international outrage, even from neutral nations.

Production[edit]

Herbert Wilcox had just made Mumsie (1927), starring Pauline Frederick. Wilcox wanted to make another film with Frederick and suggested Noël Coward's The Vortex but Frederick disliked the role. Wilcox then saw the statue of Edith Cavell in London and decided to make a film of her life.

Frederick was enthusiastic at first but dropped out. Some claimed it was because there was an outcry at the thought of an American playing Cavell.[1] Wilcox claims Frederick was scared off after the German ambassador said that Germany would boycott her films.[2] She was replaced with Sybil Thorndike. Filming proved difficult.

Censorship[edit]

One of the most controversial British films of the 1920s, Dawn was censored because of what objectors considered its brutal depiction of warfare and anti-German sentiment. Pressure was exerted by both the German Ambassador and the British Foreign Secretary Austen Chamberlain to prevent the film being passed for exhibition.[3]

Edith Cavell's sister criticised the film saying it would promote hate.[4] However, George Bernard Shaw praised the film.[5] When eventually released, the film was a big success.

Wilcox returned to the subject in 1939 with Nurse Edith Cavell starring Anna Neagle.

Cast[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bittiard-Marker Who Became Famous Film Producer". Sunday Times (Perth) (2374). Western Australia. 8 August 1943. p. 7 (THE SUNDAY TIMES MAGAZINE). Retrieved 17 August 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  2. ^ Wilcox p 73
  3. ^ Low p.66-68
  4. ^ "EDITH CAVELL FILM". The News. X (1, 430) (HOME ed.). Adelaide. 13 February 1928. p. 7. Retrieved 17 August 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  5. ^ "GEORGE BERNARD SHAW CALLS PRODUCER OF "DAWN" A FILM POET". The Gundagai Independent. , (3080). New South Wales, Australia. 9 September 1929. p. 2. Retrieved 17 August 2017 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)

External links[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Low, Rachael. History of the British Film, 1918–1929. George Allen & Unwin, 1971.