Dawn Butler

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Dawn Butler
MP
Official portrait of Dawn Butler crop 2.jpg
Shadow Secretary of State for Women and Equalities
In office
31 August 2017 – 11 July 2018
Leader Jeremy Corbyn
Preceded by Sarah Champion
Succeeded by Naz Shah
Shadow Minister for Diverse Communities
In office
14 June 2017 – 31 August 2017
Leader Jeremy Corbyn
Preceded by Vacant[a]
Succeeded by Position abolished
In office
6 October 2016 – 1 February 2017
Leader Jeremy Corbyn
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Vacant[a]
Minister for Young Citizens and Youth Engagement
In office
30 October 2009 – 11 May 2010
Prime Minister Gordon Brown
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Position abolished
Member of Parliament
for Brent Central
Assumed office
7 May 2015
Preceded by Sarah Teather
Majority 27,997 (53.6%)
Member of Parliament
for Brent South
In office
5 May 2005 – 12 April 2010
Preceded by Paul Boateng
Succeeded by Constituency abolished
Personal details
Born (1969-11-03) 3 November 1969 (age 48)
Newham, London, England[1]
Political party Labour
Website Official website
a. ^ Office vacant from February to June 2017. Functions transferred between Sarah Champion, Shadow Minister for Women and Equalities, and Kate Osamor, Shadow Secretary of State for International Development.[2]

Dawn Petula Butler (born 3 November 1969) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Brent Central since the May 2015 general election, having sat for Brent South from 2005 to 2010. Butler has served as Minister for Young Citizens and Youth Engagement[3] in the Cabinet Office.

In October 2016, she was appointed by Jeremy Corbyn to the new role of Shadow Minister for Diverse Communities. After resigning to oppose the Labour leadership in a vote on the second reading of the European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill on 1 February 2017, Butler returned to the role on 14 June.[4][5] On 31 August, 2017 Butler was appointed as Shadow Minister for Women and Equalities[6].

Early life[edit]

Butler was born in Forest Gate in East London, to Jamaican immigrant parents into a large family with one sister and four brothers.[7] She was educated at Tom Hood School in Leytonstone and Waltham Forest College, both in London.[8]

She worked as an officer of the GMB Union, including time as a national race and equality officer. Butler was also an adviser to the Mayor of London, Ken Livingstone, on employment and social issues.[7]

Parliamentary career[edit]

Butler's first attempt at entering Parliament was in Hackney South and Shoreditch where she featured on a Labour all-women shortlist but was unsuccessful.[9] Butler put herself forward for selection for West Ham but was not selected.[10][11] Following the retirement of Paul Boateng to become British High Commissioner to South Africa, she was selected as the Labour candidate in Brent South[12] and retained the seat for her party at the 2005 general election with a majority of 11,326. She was the third black woman to become a British MP after Diane Abbott and Oona King.

Butler made her maiden speech on 24 May 2005[13] in which she described her constituency as a "shining example of integration at its best", highlighted the importance of the Warwick Agreement with the Trade Unions, paid tribute to other sitting and former black MPs and said she would be a voice for youth.

Interest in youth services continued as one of her main interests in Parliament. On 24 October 2006, she was appointed Chair of the All Party Parliamentary Group on Youth Affairs, and she is an Honorary Vice President of the British Youth Council. After Gordon Brown became Prime Minister, on 27 June 2007, Butler was made one of the Labour Party's six Vice Chairs, with particular responsibility for Youth issues.[14]

She was appointed to the Select Committee on the Modernisation of the House of Commons shortly after her election, and served on standing committees (notably on the Violent Crime Reduction Bill 2006). In November 2007 she was appointed to the Children & Families Select Committee. Earlier (in November 2005), she had been promoted to Parliamentary Private Secretary to the health minister Jane Kennedy, but decided to stand down from this post in early 2006.

On 6 November 2007, Butler was chosen to second the Queen’s Speech.[15] Her voting record shows that Butler was largely loyal to the government. She was promoted to Assistant Whip on 12 September 2008.[16]

In January 2009, it emerged that an endorsement by Barack Obama had actually been written by her own staff, with the consent of his aides according to Butler, before Obama signed it.[17] Butler was named female MP of the year at the 2009 Women in Public Life awards ahead of fellow Labour MPs Margaret Moran and Sharon Hodgson.[18][19] Following her appointment as Minister for Young Citizens and Youth Engagement, Butler became the first black woman to speak from the Despatch Box in the House of Commons during question time on 9 December 2009.

On 16 March 2017 Butler used British Sign Language to ask a question in the House of Commons about giving this language legal recognition.[20] On 20 April 2017 she appeared to be struggling in an interview on BBC Radio 4's PM programme, in explaining her party's policies and had to apologise to Costa Coffee, having accused them of not paying their taxes fully.[21]

Expenses controversy[edit]

In March 2009, Butler came under criticism for claiming almost the full £23,000 annual second home allowance, despite her other home in Stratford being the same distance from Parliament as her Brent South home.[22][23] She was found to have acted in accordance with the rules as they stood by the subsequent official investigation.[24] She had claimed £2,650 for new central heating and £2,308 for a suite including a whirlpool bath.[25]

Boundary changes[edit]

Butler's constituency of Brent South was abolished at the 2010 general election. Its territory was mostly divided between two constituencies: a new Brent Central seat and a re-drawn Brent North. Butler was selected as the Labour candidate in Brent Central but lost to Sarah Teather, the Liberal Democrats candidate, who had been the MP for Brent East which had also been abolished at the general election.

Return to the Commons in 2015[edit]

Butler was the Labour candidate for Brent Central at the general election in 2015. Prior to the election, Teather had announced she would stand down from parliament, so she did not contest the seat. Butler was comfortably returned to parliament with a majority of more than 19,000 votes over the Conservative Party, with the Liberal Democrats dropping to third place, polling just 8%.[26]

Dawn Butler was one of 36 Labour MPs to nominate Jeremy Corbyn as a candidate in the Labour leadership election of 2015.[27] In an interview on Sky News conducted by Kay Burley on 23 July 2015, Butler was repeatedly questioned by Burley over her decision to put Jeremy Corbyn on the leadership ballot, despite actually wanting Andy Burnham to win. The tense interview ended with Butler asking Burley: "What's wrong with you?"[28]

Butler is a former chair of the Women's Parliamentary Labour Party. Following a vote in September 2016, she was defeated by Jess Phillips.[29][30] Butler was seen as being an ally of Jeremy Corbyn and supported Corbyn against challenger Owen Smith in the 2016 leadership election.[31][32] After Corbyn's second election as leader, Butler was appointed as Labour's Shadow Minister for Diverse Communities in early October 2016.[33] At the beginning of the following February, she resigned from this post just before the vote on the second reading in the House of Commons of European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill 2017 which triggered Article 50. The vote carried a three-line whip imposed on Labour MPs.[34] She was reappointed to the post on 14 June 2017. On 31 August, following the earlier resignation of Sarah Champion, Butler became the Shadow Minister for Women and Equalities.[6]

On 22 June 2017, Butler launched a new cross-party parliamentary group, the Parliamentary Black Caucus, concerned with ethnic minority issues.[35]

Butler is Vice-Chair of the GMB Parliamentary Group who help to make sure issues that matter to GMB members are raised in the House of Commons.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 19 April 2018. 
  2. ^ "Exclusive: Two shadow ministers to take on 'diverse communities' responsibilities". Jewish News Online. 1 March 2017. Archived from the original on 3 April 2017. 
  3. ^ "Cabinet Office homepage". Cabinet Office. 6 April 2010. Archived from the original on 8 July 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  4. ^ Cowburn, Ashley (1 February 2017). "Rachael Maskell and Dawn Butler resign from Labour's Shadow Cabinet ahead of Article 50 vote". The Independent. Archived from the original on 1 February 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  5. ^ Stewart, Heather (14 June 2017). "Corbyn reshuffle: Owen Smith joins shadow cabinet". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
  6. ^ a b Waugh, Paul (31 August 2017). "Butler Replaces Champion In Shadow Equalities Post". HuffPost UK. Archived from the original on 1 September 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
  7. ^ a b "Dawn Butler Biography". Dawn Butler (blog). Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. 
  8. ^ ‘BUTLER, Dawn’, Who's Who 2017, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 2017
  9. ^ "Dawn Butler, MP". Operation Black Vote. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  10. ^ "Two more candidates named as general election looms". Stratford and Newham Express. 30 March 2005. Retrieved 13 April 2010. [permanent dead link]
  11. ^ Hugh Muir (21 March 2005). "All-black Labour shortlist in Brent | Politics". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 29 August 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  12. ^ "MPs welcome Commons moment of history". ePolitix. 9 December 2009. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  13. ^ "Dawn Butler in Parliament". Hansard. UK Parliament. Archived from the original on 1 September 2017. 
  14. ^ "New Job for Dawn Butler MP". Dawn Butler (blog). Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. 
  15. ^ Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Commons, Westminster (6 November 2007). "Debate". Hansard. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  16. ^ "The Public Whip – Voting Record for Dawn Butler MP". Archived from the original on 8 February 2006. 
  17. ^ Swaine, Jon (23 January 2009). "My staff wrote 'Barack Obama tribute', junior minister Dawn Butler admits". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 October 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016. 
  18. ^ "Shortlist – Women in Public Life Awards 2009". Women in public life awards. Archived from the original on 22 May 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  19. ^ "Women in Public Life Awards Winners 2009". Women in public life awards. Archived from the original on 22 May 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  20. ^ "MP Dawn Butler praised for using sign language in Commons". BBC News. 16 March 2017. Archived from the original on 30 March 2017. 
  21. ^ "Dawn Butler MP interviewed on Radio 4's PM". BBC News. 20 April 2017. Archived from the original on 14 July 2017. 
  22. ^ Dominiczak, Peter; Moore-Bridger, Benedict. "MP with two homes minutes from Commons claims £37,000 expenses".Archived 28 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine., London Evening Standard, 24 March 2009.
  23. ^ "Another minister, Dawn Butler, attacked over second-home allowance". The Times. London. 24 March 2009.
  24. ^ "First Report of Session 2009–10" Archived 14 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine.. House of Commons Members Estimate Committee – Review of past ACA payments.
  25. ^ Watt, Holly (19 May 2009). "MPs' expenses: Dawn Butler doubles up on home charges". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 17 February 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2017. 
  26. ^ "Brent Central". BBC News. Archived from the original on 9 May 2015. 
  27. ^ "Who nominated who for the 2015 Labour leadership election?". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 5 July 2015. 
  28. ^ Ridley, Louise (23 July 2015). "Kay Burley Asked 'What's Wrong With You?' After Asking Labour MP Dawn Butler The Same Question Multiple Times". The Huffington Post UK. Archived from the original on 10 January 2016. Retrieved 5 January 2016. 
  29. ^ Savage, Michael; Fisher, Lucy (14 September 2016). "Corbyn ally ousted in victory for rebel MPs". The Times. Retrieved 14 September 2016.  (subscription required)
  30. ^ Proctor, Kate (13 September 2016). "Labour women in fight for top job". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 14 September 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  31. ^ Waugh, Paul (4 September 2016). "The Waugh Zone September 14, 2016". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on 15 September 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2016. 
  32. ^ "My position on the Labour Leadership". Archived from the original on 27 September 2016. 
  33. ^ Bush, Stephen; Lewis, Helen; Rampen, Julia (7 October 2016). "Jeremy Corbyn reshuffles the shadow cabinet - live!". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  34. ^ Cowburn, Ashley (1 February 2017). "Rachael Maskell and Dawn Butler resign from Labour's Shadow Cabinet ahead of Article 50 vote". The Independent. Archived from the original on 1 February 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  35. ^ "Dawn Butler MP launches a new cross-party group". The Voice. 22 June 2017. Archived from the original on 23 June 2017. Retrieved 13 July 2017. 

External links[edit]

Online interviews[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Paul Boateng
Member of Parliament
for Brent South

20052010
Constituency abolished
Preceded by
Sarah Teather
Member of Parliament
for Brent Central

2015–present
Incumbent
Political offices
New office Shadow Minister for Diverse Communities
2016–2017
Vacant
Title next held by
Herself
Vacant
Title next held by
Herself
Shadow Minister for Diverse Communities
2017–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Sarah Champion
Shadow Minister for Black and Minority Ethnic Communities
2017–present