Dawn of Freedom Brigades

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Dawn of Freedom Brigades[1]
تجمع ألوية فجر الحرية
Tajamu Alwiya Fajr al-Hurriya[2]
Participant in Syrian Civil War
Logo of the Dawn of Freedom Brigades.png
Active2014–2015
Group(s)
Leaders
  • Hasan al-Banawi ("Abu Juma")[3]
  • Faisal Saadoun ("Abu Layla")
  • Nizar al-Khatib ("Abu Laith"; former)[4][3]
  • Wael al-Khatib ("Abu Fuad") (POW)[5]
  • Muhammad Salah Shkoder [6]
HeadquartersMare' and Kobanî
Area of operations
Part of
Allies
Opponent(s)
Battles and war(s)Syrian Civil War
Websitefajeralhuria.com Edit this at Wikidata
Originated as
*Descendants of Messengers Brigade[12] (formerly Ghuraba al-Sham Front)[13]

The Dawn of Freedom Brigades (Arabic: تجمع ألوية فجر الحرية‎, romanizedTajamu Alwiya Fajr al-Hurriya) was a Free Syrian Army-affiliated Syrian rebel alliance which participated in the Syrian Civil War. It coordinated with the joint operations room Euphrates Volcano and eventually became part of the Army of Revolutionaries (Jaysh al-Thuwar) in 2015.[14]

History[edit]

The founder of the Dawn of Freedom Brigades was Nizar al-Khatib, also known by his nom de guerre "Abu Laith". Al-Khatib was a commander in the Ghuraba al-Sham Front, which was defeated by Islamist rebel forces led by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant between mid and late 2013. During this time, Nizar al-Khatib formed the Descendents of Messengers Brigade as an offshoot of Ghuraba al-Sham.[12] In January 2014 and February, amid widespread conflict between ISIL and other rebel groups, including in northern Aleppo, the Descendents of Messengers Brigade forged an alliance with the Kurdish Front.[15] In March 2014, the brigade changed its name to the Dawn of Freedom Brigades.[13]

On 8 November 2014, a field commander of the Dawn of Freedom Brigades was killed by the al-Nusra Front.[10] On 18 November, Nizar al-Khatib ("Abu Laith") was replaced by Hasan al-Banawi ("Abu Juma") as the leader of the coalition due to "health issues" of al-Khatib.[3]

On 5 December 2014, the Supporters of Dawn of Freedom Brigade based in Idlib defected from the Dawn of Freedom Brigades.[16] On 24 December, the Grievous Response Force, which included the al-Nusra Front and the Islamic Mujahideen Army, raided the Dawn of Freedom Brigades' headquarters in Mare'. Al-Nusra captured Wael al-Khatib ("Abu Fuad"), general commander of the group, and several other commanders during the raid.[5]

On 3 May 2015, some of the former members of the Hazzm Movement and the Syria Revolutionaries Front along with Jabhat al-Akrad, the Dawn of Freedom Brigades' main component group the Northern Sun Battalion (making the Dawn of Freedom Brigades defunct in the process) and smaller FSA groups formed the Army of Revolutionaries.[17][18]

Although most of the Dawn of Freedom Brigades joined the Army of Revolutionaries, its founder, Nizar al-Khatib, did not, and criticized the Army.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Dawn of Freedom Brigades: Analysis and Interview". Syria Comment. 2 October 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  2. ^ "YPG and FSA set up 'Joint Action Centre'". Firat News. 11 September 2014. Archived from the original on 13 September 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  3. ^ a b c "This website is currently unavailable". halabnews.com. Archived from the original on March 9, 2015.
  4. ^ "Kurdish man in Kobane: 'IS trying to reach downtown Kobane'". BBC News.
  5. ^ a b ""Grievances response force" to arrest the leaders of the "dawn of freedom" north of Aleppo". El-Dorar. 24 December 2014.
  6. ^ "Syrian army kills military commander of the pool Brigades, the dawn of freedom Mohammed Salah Shkoder". Alahed News. 3 June 2014.
  7. ^ a b "Syrian rebels attack ISIS-held areas in Aleppo, killing dozens". ARA News. 13 October 2014. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
  8. ^ "YPG and FSA form a joint military chamber to combat ISIS in Syria". ARA News. 12 September 2014. Archived from the original on 14 October 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
  9. ^ "YPG and FSA set up 'Joint Action Centre'". Firat News. 11 September 2014. Archived from the original on 13 September 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  10. ^ a b "Jabhat al-Nusra eyes Idlib for Islamic emirate". Al-Monitor. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  11. ^ "The Dawn of Freedom Brigades: Analysis and Interview". Syria Comment. 2 October 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  12. ^ a b ""Encourage" faces "descendants of the messengers" and "strangers of the Levant" in Aleppo .. Details of the events in the neighborhoods of Haidariyah and Hananu housing". Aksalser. 11 October 2013.
  13. ^ a b c Mustafa Mohamed (8 September 2016). "Leader in the opposition: The Syrian regime ordered the formation of "rebel army"". Arabi 21.
  14. ^ Hasan Mustafa (16 November 2015). "An Analysis of Jaish al-Thuwar (The Army of Revolutionaries) – A Component of the Syrian Democratic Forces". Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  15. ^ "The Kurdish Front Brigade begins the second phase of the battle of dignity to control Izzaz". ARA News. 14 February 2014.
  16. ^ "After the separation of the year .. Brigades commander dawn of freedom witnessing splits". Al-Dorar. 5 December 2014.
  17. ^ "#Syria: Seven FSA groups (incl. Jabhat Akrad, Shams Shamal & Homs Revolutionary Union) form "The Revolutionary Army"". Twitter.
  18. ^ "#SRO - EXCLUSIVE - Former Hazzm and #SRF forces allied with kurds and some #FSA small units to create Jaysh al-Thuwar (in 4 governorates)". Twitter.

External links[edit]