Dawood Ibrahim

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Dawood Ibrahim
Dawood ibrahim.jpg
Dawood Ibrahim
Born (1955-12-26) 26 December 1955 (age 59)
Ratnagiri district, Bombay State ( Maharashtra), India
Nationality Indian
Spouse(s) Mehjabeen Shaikh aka Zubeena Zareen[1]
Children 2
Relatives Shabir Ibrahim Kaskar (brother)
Iqbal Kaskar (brother)

Dawood Ibrahim (born Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar) pronounced as (Dāūd Ibrāhim) is the leader of the Indian organised crime syndicate D-Company founded in Mumbai .[2][3] He is currently on the wanted list of Interpol for cheating, criminal conspiracy and running an organised crime syndicate.[4] He was number three on the Forbes' World's Top 11 most dreaded criminals list of 2011, rising from the fourth position in 2008.[5] As of July 2015, Indian court(s) have not yet established Ibrahim's link for spot fixing crime in the Indian Premier League.[6][7] Ibrahim is accused of heading an illegal empire in and against India and Indians. After the 1993 Bombay bombings, which Ibrahim allegedly organised and financed,[8] he became India's most wanted man.[9][10]

According to the United States, Ibrahim maintained close links with al-Qaeda and Osama Bin Laden.[11][12] As a consequence, the United States declared Ibrahim a "Specially Designated Global Terrorist" in 2003 and pursued the matter before the United Nations in an attempt to freeze his assets around the world and crack down on his operations. The Bush administration imposed several sanctions on Ibrahim and his associates.[13] Indian and Russian intelligence agencies have pointed out Ibrahim's possible involvement in several other terror attacks, including the 2008 Mumbai attacks,[14][15] as per Interpol.[4][16][17] In 2010, a US Congressional report claimed that "D-company has a 'strategic alliance' with Pakistan's ISI".[18] Ever since he took to hiding, his location has been frequently traced to Karachi, Pakistan, a claim which Pakistani authorities have denied.[19]

Early life[edit]

Dawood Ibrahim was born on 26 December 1955 into a Konkani Muslim family in Ratnagiri district in the erstwhile Bombay State (now Maharashtra) of India.[20] His father, Ibrahim Kaskar, worked as a head constable with the Crime Investigation Department (CID) and his mother, Amina, a housewife.[21] He grew up in the Dongri locality of Mumbai, which was when he came in contact with the gang of mobster Haji Mastan, after the latter attacked two of Ibrahim's men.[22] Ibrahim, with his brother Shabir Ibrahim Kaskar formed the D-Company.


Ibrahim is believed to control much of the hawala system, which is the very commonly used unofficial system for transferring money and remittances outside the view of official agents. Much of the organisation's operations are in India.[23][24]

Ibrahim is widely believed to have masterminded the Ramana link in the March 1993 bombings in Bombay. In 2003, the Indian and United States governments declared Ibrahim a "Global Terrorist." The Deputy Prime Minister, Lal Krishna Advani described it as a major development and that India stands "vindicated." Ibrahim is currently on India's "Most Wanted List".[25]

The United States Department of Treasury has also designated Ibrahim as a terrorist as part of its international sanctions program – effectively forbidding US financial entities from working with him and seizing assets believed to be under his control. The Department of Treasury keeps a fact sheet on Ibrahim which contains reports of his syndicate having smuggling routes from South Asia, the Middle-East and Africa shared with and used by terrorist organisation al-Qaeda. The fact sheet also said that Ibrahim's syndicate is involved in large-scale shipment of narcotics in the United Kingdom and Western Europe. He is also believed to have had contacts with al-Qaeda leader Osama bin-Laden, now dead (2 May 2011). In the late 1990s, Ibrahim travelled in Afghanistan under the Taliban's protection. The syndicate has consistently aimed to destabilise the Indian government through riots, terrorism and civil disobedience.[26]

Washington added that they will request the United Nations to list Ibrahim "in pursuance of relevant Security Council resolutions". The UN listing will require that all UN member states freeze Ibrahim's assets and impose a travel ban. Juan Zarate, the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes, said that they are committed to identifying and attacking financial ties between terrorism and the underworld.[25] Ibrahim is also suspected to have connections with terrorist organisations, and in 2002 was linked to the financing of increasing attacks in Gujarat by Lashkar-e-Toiba.[25] New Delhi handed over to Islamabad a list of 38 most wanted criminals, including Ibrahim.[13]

Ten members of his gang were arrested by Mumbai Crime Branch on 21 November 2006. They were extradited from the United Arab Emirates, from where they had been deported.[27]

A TV news channel, India Today reported that Dawood Ibrahim provided the logistics for the 2008 Mumbai attacks.[28]

News media outlets reported the murder of Shiraz Asghar Ali as a sign of a dramatic shift of power between the crime lords.[29]

The Nepal government has directed freezing of assets of 224 individuals and 64 groups with Ibrahim if they are present in Nepal under Nepal's Anti-Money Laundering (AML) Act.[30]

In 2013, former Indian cricketer Dilip Vengsarkar alleged that in 1986, Dawood had entered the Indian team dressing room in Sharjah and offered each Indian player a car if they beat Pakistan in the Sharjah Cup final.[31]


According to Indian claims, Dawood Ibrahim was believed to be living in Pakistan and then in the United Arab Emirates.[32][33][34][35] According to Indian claims he has shifted to Pakistan-Afghanistan border. Indian sources add that "Inter-Services Intelligence appeared extremely wary of the new Indo-US cooperation to fight terrorism. The Inter-Services Intelligence and Dawood appear under a lot of pressure" [36] On 5 May 2015 MP Haribhai Chaudhary, informed the Lok Sabha (the lower house of India's Parliament) that the whereabouts of Ibrahim was unknown.[37][38] However, on 11 May, Rajnath Singh the Home Minister of India told the parliament that Ibrahim was in Pakistan and he will bring him back to India.[37][39][40][41]

According to claims of Indian news media Times Now on 22 August 2015, Dawood was in Karachi, Pakistan. According to said media corporation, they had conversation with a woman in Karachi on August 22, 2015. Transcripts of conversations which were published on the news agency's website, in one conversation she said that she is Dawood's wife and "he is sleeping", while in the second conversation she said that there was no one by that name was known to her.[42][43]

According to a dossier prepared by India in August 2015, to be handed over to Pakistan, Dawood Ibrahim has nine residences in Pakistan and has three Pakistani passports which he frequently uses to travel.[44]


In 2005, Ibrahim's daughter, Mahrukh Ibrahim, was married to Junaid Miandad, the son of Pakistani cricketer Javed Miandad.[9] In 2011, his daughter Mehreen, 24, got married to Ayub, a Pakistani-American.[45] Several of his family members including his brother Iqbal Kaskar live in Mumbai.[46]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "It is official: Ahead of NSA meet, fresh photo and passport copy of Dawood Ibrahim confirm he's in Pakistan". Firstpost. 
  2. ^ The name on the Mumbai street over terror attacks is Dawood Ibrahim. He played International cricket in the 80's but all the data has been vanished from the ICC website. The Times. 13 July 2011
  3. ^ "Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar". Forbes. 
  4. ^ a b "Shaikh, Dawood Hasan". Interpol. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  5. ^ by S.G_list/rssarticleshow/2988914.cms "Dawood 4th 'most wanted' criminal on Forbes list". The Times of India. (28 April 2008). Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  6. ^ "IPL spot fixing: 'No Dawood Ibrahim, Shakeel link established'". http://www.hindustantimes.com/. 
  7. ^ "IPL fixing cases against Dawood"
  8. ^ "The ones who got away". 
  9. ^ a b "Profile: India's fugitive gangster". BBC News. 12 September 2006. 
  10. ^ "'I am happy Yakub Memon has been caught'". 
  11. ^ FACT SHEET DAWOOD IBRAHIM a.k.a. Dawood Ebrahim a.k.a. Sheikh Dawood Hassan at the Wayback Machine (archived 19 January 2009). treasury.gov
  12. ^ isi-shifts-underworld-don-dawood-ibrahim-to-pakistan-afghanistan-border economictimes.indiatimes.com
  13. ^ a b "Bush administration imposes sanctions on India's most wanted criminal Dawood Ibrahim". IndiaDaily. 2 June 2006. 
  14. ^ "Dawood behind Mumbai attacks: ATS sources". Ibnlive. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  15. ^ "Dawood directly involved in Mumbai attack: Russia intelligence". The Times of India. 18 December 2008. 
  16. ^ "Dawood Ibrahim is a global terrorist: US". Rediff.com. 2003-10-17. Retrieved 2015-08-10. 
  17. ^ "Intelligence agencies track down Dawood Ibrahim's house in Pakistan, say ISI is hosting him". IBNLive. 2015-05-19. Retrieved 2015-08-10. 
  18. ^ "Dawood is a terrorist, has 'strategic alliance' with ISI, says US - The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2010-01-07. Retrieved 2015-08-10. 
  19. ^ William C. Banks; Renée de Nevers; Mitchel B. Wallerstein (1 October 2007). Combating Terrorism: Strategies and Approaches. SAGE Publications. p. 113. ISBN 978-1-4833-7092-7. 
  20. ^ "10 things to know about Dawood Ibrahim". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  21. ^ Swami, Praveen (9 April 1999). "Mumbai's mafia wars". Frontline 16 (7). Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  22. ^ "'Dongri to Dubai,' the rise of Dawood Ibrahim". CNN-IBN. 25 June 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  23. ^ Chandigarh, India – Main News. The Tribune. (31 December 2000). Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  24. ^ 'ISI pressured Dawood to carry out Mumbai blasts'. Rediff.com (22 December 2002). Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  25. ^ a b c "Dawood Ibrahim is a global terrorist: US". Rediff.com. 17 October 2003. Retrieved 10 April 2007. 
  26. ^ Robert Windrem (11 July 2006). "Possible al-Qaida link to India train attacks". MSNBC. Retrieved 10 April 2007. 
  27. ^ "Dubai extradites 10 Dawood aides". Rediff.com. 21 November 2006. Retrieved 10 April 2007. 
  28. ^ India Today. Indiatoday.digitaltoday.in (28 November 2008). Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  29. ^ Dnyanesh Jathar and Quaied Najmi (2 February 2003). "Paying the piper: D-Company suffers yet another jolt as Sharad Shetty is killed in Dubai". The Week. Archived from the original on 16 March 2007. Retrieved 10 April 2007. [dead link]
  30. ^ "Nepal freezes assets of entities with Dawood, Al Qaeda links". Indistan News. 26 December 1955. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  31. ^ "Dawood entered Indian dressing room in 1986, offered cars to players: Vengsarkar". The Times of India. 28 October 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  32. ^ "Dawood Ibrahim was in Pak till April 2013: IPL spot-fixing chargesheet". In.com. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  33. ^ Desk, Web. "Dawood Ibrahim chased out of Pakistan: PM’s special envoy". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  34. ^ "Dawood Ibrahim was in Pak till April 2013: IPL spot-fixing chargesheet-CNN-IBN". IBNLive. 10 August 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  35. ^ "Dawood Ibrahim was here but we chased him out, may be in UAE now: Shahryar Khan". The Indian Express. 10 August 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  36. ^ ET Bureau Oct 27, 2014, 10.19AM IST (2014-10-27). "ISI shifts underworld don Dawood Ibrahim to Pakistan-Afghanistan border - timesofindia-economictimes". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2015-08-10. 
  37. ^ a b "Dawood Ibrahim is in Pakistan, Rajnath assures Lok Sabha". Indian Express. 11 May 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2015. 
  38. ^ "Dawood Ibrahim Whereabouts". IBN Live. 
  39. ^ "Dawood in Pakistan, Will Get Him No Matter What: Rajnath Singh in Parliament". NDTV. 11 May 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2015. 
  40. ^ "Dawood in pakistan". Hindustan Times. 11 May 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2015. 
  41. ^ "Rajnath says Dawood is in Pakistan". India Today. 11 May 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2015. 
  42. ^ "Dawood's wife confirms her husband is in Karachi - The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Times News Network. Retrieved 2015-08-22.  Text " Aug 22, 2015, 03.20 PM IST " ignored (help)
  43. ^ "TIMES NOW tracks Dawood Ibrahim-News-Exclusives-TIMESNOW.tv - Latest Breaking News, Big News Stories, News Videos". Timesnow.tv. Retrieved 2015-08-22. 
  44. ^ "Dawood Ibrahim has nine residences in Pakistan, Delhi says". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 2015-08-24. 
  45. ^ "Tale behind weddings of Dawood Ibrahim's children : Neighbours, News - India Today". Indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 2015-08-10. 
  46. ^ "Dawood Ibrahim’s sibling Iqbal Kaskar arrested in Extortion and Assault Case". news.biharprabha.com. 3 February 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2015. 

External links[edit]