Dawson County, Georgia

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Not to be confused with Dawson, Georgia.
Dawson County, Georgia
Dawson County Courthouse, Georgia.JPG
Dawson County Courthouse in Dawsonville
Map of Georgia highlighting Dawson County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1857
Named for William Crosby Dawson
Seat Dawsonville
Largest city Dawsonville
 • Total 214 sq mi (554 km2)
 • Land 211 sq mi (546 km2)
 • Water 3.6 sq mi (9 km2), 1.7%
 • (2010) 22,330
 • Density 106/sq mi (41/km²)
Congressional district 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Dawson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2014 census, the population was 22,957.[1] The county seat is Dawsonville.[2]

Dawson County is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Dawson County was created on December 3, 1857 from Gilmer and Lumpkin counties. It is named for William Crosby Dawson, a U.S. Senator from Georgia.[3]

Civil War[edit]

The 1860s brought war and hardships to the people of Dawson County. The men of Dawson County answered the call and went to defend their homes from the invading Federal Army. The following Confederate units were raised in Dawson County.

21st Regiment, Georgia Infantry, Company E Concord Rangers

22nd Regiment, Georgia Infantry, Company I, Dawson County Independents

38th Regiment, Georgia Infantry, Company I (Wright's Legion), Dawson Farmers

38th Regiment, Georgia Infantry, Company L (Wright's Legion)

52nd Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry, Company I

Post Civil War

The county is known in auto racing circles for its long tradition of involvement in the sport as many of the original NASCAR racers were from this area, making Dawson County believed to be where NASCAR originated. Many racing skills originally developed as a consequence of running moonshine down highway 9 to Atlanta, also known as Thunder Road. Celebrations of Dawson County's history and of its involvement occur every October with the Moonshine Festival.

Locals have referred to Dawson County as the Moonshine Capital of the World. This title is claimed by many other areas but is fiercely defended by residents of the area. This is due to the secluded area and the ability to move so much moonshine to the larger cities, especially Atlanta.


Dawson County currently serves grades K-12. It has a total of 7 schools, 1 solely for Pre-K, 3 being for grades K-5, 2 being for grades 6-8, and 1 being for grades 9-12.

Dawson Head Start Pre-K

Blacks Mill Elementary School (K-5)

Kilough Elementary School (K-5)

Riverview Elementary School (K-5)

Riverview Middle School (6-8)

Dawson County Middle School (6-8)

Dawson County High School (9-12)

Soon, in the 2016-2017 year, Riverview Middle School will serve grades 6-7, and Dawson County Middle School will serve Grade 8. In the 2017-2018 year, Grade 9 will be moved to Dawson County Middle School, with Dawson County High School serving grades 10-12


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 214 square miles (550 km2), of which 211 square miles (550 km2) is land and 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2) (1.7%) is water.[4]

Part of Lake Lanier is in the southeastern part of the county and the boundary line with neighboring counties pass through the lake. The 729-foot (222 m) Amicalola Falls, are located in the county. The Amicalola Falls are the highest in Georgia, the tallest cascading waterfall east of the Mississippi River and are one of the Seven Natural Wonders of Georgia. The highest point in the county is Black Mountain, with an elevation of 3,600 feet (1,100 m). 6,760 acres (27.4 km2), which is located in the Chattahoochee National Forest. The Chestatee and Etowah rivers flow through Dawson County.

The vast majority of Dawson County is located in the Etowah River sub-basin of the ACT River Basin (Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basin). The southeastern tip of the county is located in the Upper Chattahoochee River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin), and a very small northern section of Dawson County is located in the Coosawattee River sub-basin of the larger ACT River Basin.

Major highways[edit]

Secondary Highways[edit]

  • Cowart Road
  • Steve Tate Highway
  • Burnt Mountain Road (Old SR 108)
  • Dawson Forest Road (Old SR 318)
  • Lumpkin Campground Road (Old SR 9E)
  • Harmony Church Road (Old SR 9E)
  • Auraria Road (Old SR 9E)
  • Keith Evans Road (Old SR 342)
  • Bailey Waters Road (Old SR 342)
  • Shoal Creek Road (Old SR 136 Spur)
  • Nix Bridge Road (Old SR 226)

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 3,856
1870 4,369 13.3%
1880 5,837 33.6%
1890 5,612 −3.9%
1900 5,442 −3.0%
1910 4,686 −13.9%
1920 4,204 −10.3%
1930 3,502 −16.7%
1940 4,479 27.9%
1950 3,712 −17.1%
1960 3,590 −3.3%
1970 3,639 1.4%
1980 4,774 31.2%
1990 9,429 97.5%
2000 15,999 69.7%
2010 22,330 39.6%
Est. 2014 22,957 [5] 2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[10] of 2010, there were 22,330 people, and 10,425 households, and 6,390 families residing in the county. The racial makeup of the county was 95.62% White, 0.5% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.6% Asian, <0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. 4.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,433 households out of which 21.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 24.2% were non-families. 19.7% of all households were made up of individuals living alone and 6.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county the population was spread out with 5.7% under the age of 5, 6.5% between 5–9 years, 6.8% between 10–14 years, 6.0% between 15–19 years, 6.1% between 20–24 years, 5.7% between 25–29 years, 5.8% between 30–34 years, 6.6% between 35–39 years, 6.9% between 40–44 years, 8.1% between 45–49 years, 7.2% between 50–54 years, 7.0% between 55–59 years, 7.6% between 60–64 years, 6.0% between 65–69 years, 3.6% between 70–74 years, 2.4% between 75–79 years, 1.3% between 80–84 years, and 0.8 over age 85. The median age was 40.6 years. 50% (11,164) were male, and 50% (11,166) were female.

The median income for a household in the county was estimated $51,989, and the median income for a family was estimated $60,455. About 8.9% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.[11]

Cities and Communities[edit]

Incorporated Cities[edit]

Unincorporated Communities[edit]

Private Communities[edit]

This is a large, gated private communities that function similar to a municipality providing many municipal-type services that operate independent of county government.

Famous residents[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 15, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 101. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 21, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 21, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 21, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 21, 2014. 
  10. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_DP_DPDP1
  11. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_11_5YR_DP03

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°26′N 84°10′W / 34.44°N 84.17°W / 34.44; -84.17