Dax, Landes

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Dax
Subprefecture and commune
La Fontaine Chaude
Coat of arms of Dax
Coat of arms
Dax is located in France
Dax
Dax
Location within Nouvelle-Aquitaine region
Dax is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Dax
Dax
Coordinates: 43°43′N 1°03′W / 43.71°N 1.05°W / 43.71; -1.05Coordinates: 43°43′N 1°03′W / 43.71°N 1.05°W / 43.71; -1.05
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Landes
Arrondissement Dax
Canton Dax-1 and 2
Intercommunality Grand Dax
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Gabriel Bellocq
Area1 19.70 km2 (7.61 sq mi)
Population (2015)2 20,683
 • Density 1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 40088 /40100
Elevation 2–46 m (6.6–150.9 ft)
(avg. 9 m or 30 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Dax (French pronunciation: ​[daks]; Dacs in Occitan) is a commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France, sub-prefecture of the Landes department.

It is known as a spa, specialising in mud treatment for rheumatism and similar ailments.

It is also a market town, former bishopric and busy local centre, especially for the Chalosse area.

Place de la cathédrale.

History[edit]

It was first established by the Romans, and its reputation is supposed to date from a visit by Julia, the daughter of the first Emperor Octavian Augustus. Its Roman name was Civitas Aquensium. In the Middle Ages, it was administered by viscounts until 1177. With the acquisition of Aquitaine by Henry II Plantagenet, later King of England, Dax remained under English rule until 1451, when it was conquered by French troops before the end of the Hundred Years' War. It successfully withstood a Spanish siege in 1521-1522.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17933,391—    
18063,179−6.3%
18214,948+55.6%
18314,716−4.7%
18415,842+23.9%
18515,805−0.6%
18619,856+69.8%
18729,062−8.1%
188110,218+12.8%
189110,240+0.2%
190110,329+0.9%
191111,387+10.2%
192111,047−3.0%
193112,663+14.6%
194614,113+11.5%
195414,557+3.1%
196217,051+17.1%
196819,348+13.5%
197519,137−1.1%
198218,648−2.6%
199019,309+3.5%
199919,515+1.1%
200820,528+5.2%
201320,776+1.2%

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Dax, Landes (1981–2010 averages, extremes 1958–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.8
(73)
27.2
(81)
29.9
(85.8)
32.7
(90.9)
36.2
(97.2)
39.1
(102.4)
40.8
(105.4)
41.1
(106)
38.0
(100.4)
34.7
(94.5)
28.1
(82.6)
23.9
(75)
41.1
(106)
Average high °C (°F) 11.4
(52.5)
13.1
(55.6)
16.4
(61.5)
18.1
(64.6)
21.7
(71.1)
24.7
(76.5)
27.0
(80.6)
27.2
(81)
25.0
(77)
20.6
(69.1)
14.8
(58.6)
11.6
(52.9)
19.3
(66.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.2
(45)
8.2
(46.8)
11.0
(51.8)
12.8
(55)
16.4
(61.5)
19.5
(67.1)
21.5
(70.7)
21.7
(71.1)
19.1
(66.4)
15.5
(59.9)
10.5
(50.9)
7.6
(45.7)
14.3
(57.7)
Average low °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
3.3
(37.9)
5.5
(41.9)
7.5
(45.5)
11.1
(52)
14.2
(57.6)
16.1
(61)
16.1
(61)
13.3
(55.9)
10.4
(50.7)
6.1
(43)
3.7
(38.7)
9.2
(48.6)
Record low °C (°F) −16.2
(2.8)
−9.5
(14.9)
−8.3
(17.1)
−1.8
(28.8)
0.3
(32.5)
3.8
(38.8)
3.4
(38.1)
6.8
(44.2)
2.2
(36)
−1.7
(28.9)
−7.2
(19)
−10.2
(13.6)
−16.2
(2.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 106.3
(4.185)
95.8
(3.772)
82.8
(3.26)
107.5
(4.232)
90.2
(3.551)
69.8
(2.748)
57.9
(2.28)
70.3
(2.768)
89.6
(3.528)
117.0
(4.606)
145.7
(5.736)
118.4
(4.661)
1,151.3
(45.327)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 12.4 10.4 10.8 12.9 12.1 8.5 7.6 8.8 8.7 11.4 12.6 12.1 128.4
Average relative humidity (%) 87 82 78 79 79 79 78 81 82 87 88 89 82.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 95.1 108.2 166.0 171.2 196.7 206.6 219.7 212.7 190.2 142.2 93.5 80.2 1,882.4
Source #1: Météo France[1][2][3]
Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity, 1961–1990)[4]

Sights[edit]

  • Roman archaeological crypt, including the foundations of a Roman temple from the second century AD.97
  • Remains of the Gallic-Roman walls (4th century)
  • Cathedral of Notre-Dame Ste-Marie97
  • Church of Saint-Vincent-de-Xaintes.97
  • Fontaine Chaude ("Hot Fountain").97

Twin towns[edit]

Personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Dax" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 28, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Climat Aquitaine" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 28, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Dax (40)" (PDF). Fiche Climatologique: Statistiques 1981–2010 et records (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 April 2018. Retrieved 16 April 2018. 
  4. ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Dax-Seyresse (40) - altitude 31m" (in French). Infoclimat. Archived from the original on 15 March 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2015. 

External links[edit]