Dax, Landes

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Dax
La Fontaine Chaude
Coat of arms of Dax
Coat of arms
Dax is located in France
Dax
Dax
Coordinates: 43°43′N 1°03′W / 43.71°N 1.05°W / 43.71; -1.05Coordinates: 43°43′N 1°03′W / 43.71°N 1.05°W / 43.71; -1.05
Country France
Region Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes
Department Landes
Arrondissement Dax
Canton Dax
Intercommunality Grand Dax
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Gabriel Bellocq
Area1 19.70 km2 (7.61 sq mi)
Population (2013)2 20,776
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 40088 / 40100
Elevation 2–46 m (6.6–150.9 ft)
(avg. 9 m or 30 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Dax (French pronunciation: ​[daks]; Dacs in Occitan) is a commune in Aquitaine in southwestern France, sub-prefecture of the Landes department.

It is known as a spa, specialising in mud treatment for rheumatism and similar ailments.

It is also a market town, former bishopric and busy local centre, especially for the Chalosse area.

Place de la cathédrale.

History[edit]

It was first established by the Romans, and its reputation is supposed to date from a visit by Julia, the daughter of the first Emperor Octavian Augustus. Its Roman name was Civitas Aquensium. In the Middle Ages, it was administered by viscounts until 1177. With the acquisition of Aquitaine by Henry II Plantagenet, later King of England, Dax remained under English rule until 1451, when it was conquered by French troops before the end of the Hundred Years' War. It successfully withstood a Spanish siege in 1521-1522.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 3,391 —    
1806 3,179 −6.3%
1821 4,948 +55.6%
1831 4,716 −4.7%
1841 5,842 +23.9%
1851 5,805 −0.6%
1861 9,856 +69.8%
1872 9,062 −8.1%
1881 10,218 +12.8%
1891 10,240 +0.2%
1901 10,329 +0.9%
1911 11,387 +10.2%
1921 11,047 −3.0%
1931 12,663 +14.6%
1946 14,113 +11.5%
1954 14,557 +3.1%
1962 17,051 +17.1%
1968 19,348 +13.5%
1975 19,137 −1.1%
1982 18,648 −2.6%
1990 19,309 +3.5%
1999 19,515 +1.1%
2008 20,528 +5.2%
2013 20,776 +1.2%

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Dax, Landes (1981–2010 averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.8
(73)
27.2
(81)
29.9
(85.8)
32.7
(90.9)
36.2
(97.2)
39.1
(102.4)
40.8
(105.4)
41.1
(106)
37.0
(98.6)
34.7
(94.5)
28.1
(82.6)
23.9
(75)
41.1
(106)
Average high °C (°F) 11.4
(52.5)
13.1
(55.6)
16.4
(61.5)
18.1
(64.6)
21.7
(71.1)
24.7
(76.5)
27.0
(80.6)
27.2
(81)
25.0
(77)
20.6
(69.1)
14.8
(58.6)
11.6
(52.9)
19.3
(66.7)
Average low °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
3.3
(37.9)
5.5
(41.9)
7.5
(45.5)
11.1
(52)
14.2
(57.6)
16.1
(61)
16.1
(61)
13.3
(55.9)
10.4
(50.7)
6.1
(43)
3.7
(38.7)
9.2
(48.6)
Record low °C (°F) −16.2
(2.8)
−9.5
(14.9)
−8.3
(17.1)
−1.8
(28.8)
0.3
(32.5)
3.8
(38.8)
3.4
(38.1)
6.8
(44.2)
2.2
(36)
−1.7
(28.9)
−7.2
(19)
−10.2
(13.6)
−16.2
(2.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 106.3
(4.185)
95.8
(3.772)
82.8
(3.26)
107.5
(4.232)
90.2
(3.551)
69.8
(2.748)
57.9
(2.28)
70.3
(2.768)
89.6
(3.528)
117.0
(4.606)
145.7
(5.736)
118.4
(4.661)
1,151.3
(45.327)
Average precipitation days 12.4 10.4 10.8 12.9 12.1 8.5 7.6 8.8 8.7 11.4 12.6 12.1 128.4
Average relative humidity (%) 87 82 78 79 79 79 78 81 82 87 88 89 82.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 95.1 108.2 166.0 171.2 196.7 206.6 219.7 212.7 190.2 142.2 93.5 80.2 1,882.4
Source #1: Météo France[1][2]
Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity, 1961–1990)[3]

Sights[edit]

  • Roman archaeological crypt, including the foundations of a Roman temple from the second century AD.
  • Remains of the Gallic-Roman walls (4th century)
  • Cathedral of Notre-Dame Ste-Marie
  • Church of Saint-Vincent-de-Xaintes.
  • Fontaine Chaude ("Hot Fountain").

Twin towns[edit]

Personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Dax" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 28, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Climat Aquitaine" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 28, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Dax-Seyresse (40) - altitude 31m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved December 28, 2015. 

External links[edit]